Crossed papal keys surmounted by tiara

Portraits of the Popes


on their Medals

Crossed keys and tiara


[Click on framed portrait for additional materials.]




Link to page of bibliography on Papal Medals

List of papa; conclaves with materials



link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1130; The Ombrellone and crossed keys link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1159; The Ombrellone and crossed keys



link to page concerning  the Conclave of 1268-1271; the ombrellone and crossed keys link to page concerning  the  Conclave of 1417; the ombrellone and crossed keys

 

link to page concerning  the Conclaves of 1378; the ombrellone and crossed keys link to page concerning  the  Conclave of 1417; the ombrellone and crossed keys

 

link to page concerning Pope Eugenius IV The Ombrellone, symbol of the Sede Vacante
MARTIN V
Oddo Colonna
(1417-1431)

link to page concerning Pope Eugenius IV link to page concerning Pope Nicolaus V
EUGENIUS IV
Gabriele Condulmaro
(1431–1447)
NICHOLAS V
Tommaso Parentucelli
(1447-1455)

 

link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1447; stemma of Cardinal Scarampi link to page concerning the Sede Vacante of 1455; stemma of Cardinal Scarampi
SEDE VACANTE
(1447)
Ludovico Cardinal
Scarampi Trevisano
SEDE VACANTE
(1455)
Ludovico Cardinal
Scarampi Trevisano


link to page concerning Pope Calixtus III (Borgia) link to page concerning Pope Pius II (Piccolomini); copy of a medal by Andrea Guazzalotti
CALIXTUS III
Alfonso de Borja
(1455-1458)
PIUS II
Aeneas Piccolomini
(1458-1464)

link to page concerning Pope Paul II link to page concerning Pope Sixtus IV
PAUL II
Pietro Barbo
(1464–1471)
SIXTUS IV
Francesco della Rovere
(1471–1484)

 

link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1484; Tstemma of Cardinal Riario link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1492; The coat of arms of Cardinal Raffaele Riario
SEDE VACANTE
(1484)
Raffele Sansoni
Cardinal Riario
SEDE VACANTE
(1492)
Raffaele Sansoni
Cardinal Riario


link to page concerning Pope Innocent VIII link to page concerning Pope Alexander VI (Borgia)
INNOCENT VIII
Giovanni Battista
Cibo
(1484-1492)
Alexander VI
Rodrigo de Borja
y Borja
(1492-1503)

 

link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1503 September; The Arms of Cardinal Riario link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1503, November; The coat of arms of Cardinal Riario
SEDE VACANTE, I
(1503)
Raffaele Sansoni
Cardinal Riario
SEDE VACANTE, II
(1503)
Raffaele Sansoni
Cardinal Riario


link to page concerning Pope Pius III (Todeschini-Piccolomini) link to page concerning Pope Julius II (Della Rovere); medal by Gian Cristoforo Romano
PIUS III
Francesco Todeschini
(1503)
JULIUS II
Giuliano della Rovere
(1503-1513)


link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1513; The stemma of Cardinal Riario, Camerlengo link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1521-1522; Stemma of Cardinal Armellini de' Medici
SEDE VACANTE
(1513)
Raffaele Sansoni
Cardinal Riario
SEDE VACANTE
(1521-1522)
Francesco Armellini
Cardinal de' Medici

 

link to page concerning Pope Leo X (Medici) link to page concerning Pope Adrian VI (Dedel)
LEO X
Giovanni de' Medici
(1513-1521)
ADRIAN VI
Adrian Florensz Dedel
(1522-1523)



link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1523; Stemma of Cardinal Armellini Stemma of Cardinal Spinola; link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1534
Sede Vacante
(1523)

Francesco Armellini
Cardinal de' Medici
Sede Vacante
(1534)

Agostino
Cardinal Spinola



link to page concerning medals of Pope Clement VII (Medici) link to page containing a bibliography of Papal Conclaves; image of ombrellone and crossed keys
CLEMENT VII
Giulio de' Medici
(1523-1534)
CONCLAVE
BIBLIOGRAPHY

link to page concerning Pope Paul III (Farnese), 1549 The Stemma of Cardinal Ascanio Sforza, link to Sede Vacante, 1549-1550
PAUL III
Alessandro Farnese
(1534-1549)
SEDE VACANTE
(1549-1550)

Guido Ascanio
Cardinal Sforza

link to page concerning Pope Julius III link to page concerning Pope Marcellus II (Cervini)
JULIUS III
Giovanni Ciocchi
del Monte
(1550–1555)
MARCELLUS II
Marcello Cervini
(1555)


link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1585;  Arms of Card. Guastavillini link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1590; The Ombrellone and crossed keys
SEDE VACANTE
(1555)
Guido Ascanio
Cardinal Sforza
SEDE VACANTE
(1555)
Guido Ascanio
Cardinal Sforza


link to page concerning Pope Paul IV (Carafa) link to page concerning Pope Pius IV (Medici)
PAUL IV
Giampietro Carafa
(1555 — 1559)
PIUS IV
Giovanni Medici
(1559 – 1565)

 

link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1559;  Arms of Card. Sforza link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1565-66; The Ombrellone and crossed keys
SEDE VACANTE
(1559)

Guido Ascanio
Cardinal Sforza
SEDE VACANTE
(1565-1566)
Vitellozzo
Cardinal Vitelli

 

link to page concerning the office of  Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1572; The Ombrellone and crossed keys
THE OFFICE OF
CAMERLENGO

SEDE VACANTE
(1572)
Luigi Cardinal
Cornaro

 

link to page concerning Pope Pius V link to page concerning Pope Gregory XIII
PIUS V
Michele Ghisliere
(1566–1572)
GREGORY XIII
Ugo Boncompagni
(1572–1585)


link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1585;  Arms of Card. Guastavillini link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1590; the coat of arms of Cardinal Enrico Caetani
SEDE VACANTE
(1585)
Filippo
Cardinal Guastavillani
SEDE VACANTE
(1590)
Enrico Cardinal
Caetani


link to page concerning Pope Sixtus V (Peretti) link to page concerning Pope Gregory XIV (Sfondrati)
SIXTUS V
Felice Peretti
(1585-1590)
GREGORY XIV
Niccolò Sfondrati
(1590–1591)



link to page concerning the Sede Vacante of 1591;  the coat of arms of Cardinal Enrico Caetani link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1590; the coat of arms of Cardinal Enrico Caetani
SEDE VACANTE
(1591)
Enrico Cardinal
Caetani
SEDE VACANTE
(1591-1592)
Enrico Cardinal
Caetani

 

link to page concerning Innocent IX link to page concerning  Pope Clement VIII
INNOCENT IX
Giovanni Fachinetti
(1591)
CLEMENT VIII
Ippolito Aldobrandini
(1592–1605)



link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1591;  arms of  Card. Aldobrandini link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1590;  arms of Cardinal Aldobrandini
SEDE VACANTE
(March 1605)
Pietro Cardinal
Aldobrandini
SEDE VACANTE
(April 1605)
Pietro Cardinal
Aldobrandini

 

link to page concerning Pope Leo XI, April 1605 link to page concerning Paul V, Year 8
LEO XI
Alessandro de' Medici
(1605)
PAUL V
Camillo Borghese
(1605–1621)

link to page concerning  the Sede vacante 1621; arms of Cardinal Aldobrandini link to page concerning Pope Gregory 15
SEDE VACANTE
(1621)
Pietro
Cardinal Aldobrandini
GREGORY XV
Alessandro Ludovisi
(1621–1623)

link to page concerning Urban VIII link to page concerning Innocent X
URBAN VIII
Maffeo Barberini
(1623–1644)
INNOCENT X
Giambattista Pamfilj
(1644–1655)

link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante of 1644, Antonio Card. Barberini, Camerlengo
link to page concerning the Sede Vacante of 1655, Antonio Card. Barberini, Camerlengo
SEDE VACANTE
(1644)

 Antonio Cardinal Barberini  
SEDE VACANTE
(1655)

 Antonio
Cardinal Barberini  

link to page concerning Pope Alexander VII link to page concerning Pope Clement IX
ALEXANDER VII
Fabio Chigi
(1655–1667)
CLEMENT IX
Giulio Rospigliosi
(1667–1670)

link to page concerning the Sede Vacante of 1667, Antonio Card. Barberini, Camerlengo
link to page concerning the Sede Vacante of 1670, Antonio Card. Barberini, Camerlengo
SEDE VACANTE
(1667)

 Antonio Cardinal Barberini  
SEDE VACANTE
(1670)

 Antonio
Cardinal Barberini  

link to page concerning Pope Clement X link to page concerning Pope Innocent XI
CLEMENT X
Emilio Altieri
(1670-1676)
INNOCENT XI
Benedetto Odescalchi
(1676-1689)

link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante 1676 link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante 1689
SEDE VACANTE
(1676)

Paluzzo Card. Altieri
degli Albertoni
SEDE VACANTE
(1689)

Paluzzo Card. Altieri
degli Albertoni

link to page concerning Pope Alexander VIII link to page concerning Pope Innocent XII
ALEXANDER VIII
Pietro Ottoboni
(1689-1691)
INNOCENT XII
Antonio Pignatelli
(1691-1700)

link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1691 link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1700
SEDE VACANTE
(1691)

Paluzzo Card. Altieri
degli Albertoni
SEDE VACANTE
(1700)

Giovanni Card. Spinola

link to page concerning Pope Clement XI link to page concerning Pope Innocent XIII
CLEMENT XI
Giovanni Francesco
Albani
(1700-1721)
INNOCENT XIII
Michelangelo dei Conti
(1721-1724)

 

link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1721:  The Ombrellone umbrella and crossed keys link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1724:  the Ombrellone with crossed keys
SEDE VACANTE
(1721)

Annibale Card. Albani
SEDE VACANTE
(1724)

Annibale Card. Albani

 

link to page concerning Pope Benedict XIII Orsini link to page concerning Pope Clement XII
BENEDICT XIII
Pietro Orsini
(1724–1730)
CLEMENT XII
Lorenzo Corsini
(1730-1740)


link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1730:  The Ombrellone umbrella and crossed keys link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1740:  a coin with the arms of Cardinal Albani
SEDE VACANTE
(1730)

Annibale Card. Albani
SEDE VACANTE
(1740)

Annibale Card. Albani

 

link to page concerning Pope Benedict XIV Lambertini link to page concerning Pope Clement XIII (Rezzonico)
BENEDICT XIV
Lorenzo Lambertini
(1740-1758)
CLEMENT XIII
Carlo della Torre
Rezzonico
(1758-1769)

link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1758 link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1769
SEDE VACANTE
(1758)

Girolamo
Card. Colonna
SEDE VACANTE
(1769)

Carlo
Card. Rezzonico

link to page concerning Pope Clement XIV link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1774
CLEMENT XIV
Lorenzo Ganganelli
(1769–1774)
SEDE VACANTE
(1774)

Carlo
Card. Rezzonico

link to page concerning Pope Pius VI link to page concerning Pope Pius VII
PIUS VI
Giovanni Braschi
(1775–1799)
PIUS VII
Luigi Chiaramonte
(1800–1823)


link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1799-1800 link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1823
SEDE VACANTE
(1823)

Bartolommeo
Card. Pacca


link to page concerning Pope Leo XII link to page concerning Pope Pius VIII; image of  a coin of Pius VIII
LEO XII
Annibale della Genga
(1823–1829)
PIUS VIII
Francesco Castiglione
(1829–1830)


link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1829 link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1830
Sede Vacante
(1829)

Pietro Francesco
Cardinal Galeffi
Sede Vacante
(1830–1831)

Pietro Francesco
Cardinal Galeffi


link to page concerning Pope Gregory XVI link to page concerning Pope Pius IX
GREGORY XVI
Bartolomeo Cappellari
(1831–1846)
PIUS IX
Giovanni
Mastai-Ferretti
(1846–1878)



link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1846 link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1878: Card. Pecci; portrait of Pecci in 1844
SEDE VACANTE
(1846)

Tomasso Card. Riario
Sforza
SEDE VACANTE
(1878)

Gioacchino Vincenzo
Card. Pecci


link to page concerning Pope Leo XIII (Pecci) link to page concerning Pope Pius X (Sarto)
LEO XIII
Gioacchino Pecci
(1878–1903)
PIUS X
Giuseppe Sarto
(1903–1914)


The Papal States having been
occupied and its sovereignty
compromised
(1870-1929),
no coins were issued.
The Papal States having been
occupied and its sovereignty
compromised
(1870-1929),
no coins were issued
.
SEDE VACANTE
(1903)

Luigi Card. Oreglia
SEDE VACANTE
(1914)

Francesco Card.
Della Volpe


link to page concerning Pope Benedict XV link to page concerning Pope Pius XI (Ratti)
BENEDICT XV
Giacomo Della Chiesa
(1914–1922)
PIUS XI
Achille Ratti
(1922–1939)


The Papal States having been
occupied and its sovereignty
compromised
(1870-1929),
no coins were issued.
link to page concerning the Sede Vacante 1939: Card. Pacelli
SEDE VACANTE
(1922)

Pietro Card. Gasparri
SEDE VACANTE
(1939)

Eugenio Card. Pacelli


link to page concerning Pope Pius XII (Pacelli) link to page concerning John XXIII (Roncalli), Year 3
PIUS XII
Eugenio Pacelli
(1939–1958)
JOHN XXIII
Angelo Roncalli
(1958–1963)

 

link to page concerning the Sede Vacante 1958 link to page concerning  the Sede Vacante 1963
SEDE VACANTE
(1958)

Benedetto Cardinal
Aloisi Masella
SEDE VACANTE
(1963)

Benedetto Cardinal
Aloisi Masella

 

link to page concerning Pope Paul VI (Montini) link to page concerning Pope John Paul I (Luciani)
PAUL VI
Giovanni Battista
Montini
(1963–1978)
JOHN PAUL I
Albino Luciani
(1978)


link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1978: Card. Villot link to page concerning Sede Vacante 1978: Card. Villot
SEDE VACANTE
(1978 August)
Jean Cardinal Villot
SEDE VACANTE
(1978 September)
Jean Cardinal Villot


link to page concerning Pope John Paul II (Wojtyla) link to page concerning the Sede Vacante of 2005, Eduardo Card. Martinez Somalo, Camerlengo
JOHN PAUL II
Karol Wojtyla
( 1978–2005 )
SEDE VACANTE
(April 2–19, 2005 )
Eduardo Card.
Martínez Somalò


Photo of Pope Benedict XVI  (Ratzinger) The Coat of Arms of Tarcisio Cardinal Bertone, Cardinal Camerlengo
BENEDICT XVI
Jozef Ratzinger
( 2005–2013 )

SEDE VACANTE
( February 28, 2013—
March 13, 2013 )
Tarcisio Cardinal Bertone
Camerlengo


up arrow, to the top of the page




© John Paul Adams 2004,2007

Visitor Counter
visitors since June 4, 2004.
WebCounter Logo

© John Paul Adams, CSUN
john.p.adams@csun.edu

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional
Valid CSS!

| Home | | Papal Portraits Home | | Medals Bibliography | | Greek & Roman History | | Conclave Bibliography |