**Readability of Texts**

Sample text for determining readability index

**Flesch-Kincaid Formula **

This is a US Government Department of Defense standard test

(i) Calculate L, the average sentence length (number of words ÷ number
of sentences). Estimate the number of sentences to the nearest tenth,where
necessary.

(ii) Calculate N, the average number of syllables per word (number of syllables ÷ number
of words).

Then grade level = (L+N)x0.4

Reading Age = [(L+N)x0.4]+5 years

**'SMOG' Formula **

Select samples of 30 consecutive sentences.

In each sample, count the number of words with 3 or more syllables.

Find the average number, N.

Then grade level = (square root of N) + 3.

Reading Age = (square root of N) + 8 years.

This test tends to give higher values than the other formula, because
it is intended to predict the level necessary for 100% comprehension
of the text.

**Fry Readability Graph **

Select samples of 100 words.

(i) Find y, the average number of sentences per 100-word passage (calculating
to the nearest tenth).

(ii) Find x, the average number of syllables per 100-word sample.

Then use the Fry graph (below) to determine the reading age, in years.

This test is suitable for all ages, from infant to upper secondary.

The curve represents normal texts. Points below the curve imply longer
than average sentence lengths. Points above the curve represent text with
a more difficult vocabulary.