Science Teaching Series

Internet Resources

I. Developing Scientific Literacy

II. Developing Scientific Reasoning

III. Developing Scientific Understanding

IV. Developing Scientific Problem Solving

V. Developing Scientific Research Skills

VI. Resources for Teaching Science

Elements of Lesson Design (Hunter)

Lesson Development | Lesson Planning


Dr. Madeline Hunter's research indicates that effective teachers usually include the following elements in their lessons.

1) Anticipatory Set - A short activity, dispatch or prompt that focuses the students' attention and ties previous lessons to today's lesson.

2) Purpose - An explanation of the importance of this lesson and a statement concerning what students will be able to do when they have completed it.

3) Input - The vocabulary, skills, and concepts to be learned.

4) Modeling - The teacher demonstrates what is to be learned

5) Guided Practice - The teacher leads the students through the steps necessary to perform the skill using multiple modalities.

6) Checking For Understanding - The teacher uses a variety of questioning strategies to determine if the students are understanding.

7) Independent Practice - The teacher releases students to practice on their own.

8) Closure - A review or wrap-up of the lesson.