# Elements of Lesson Design (Hunter)

Lesson Development | Lesson Planning

Dr. Madeline Hunter's research indicates that effective teachers usually include the following elements in their lessons.

1) **Anticipatory Set **- A short activity,
dispatch or prompt that focuses the students' attention and ties previous
lessons to today's lesson.

2) **Purpose** - An explanation of the
importance of this lesson and a statement concerning what students will
be able to do when they have completed it.

3) **Input** - The vocabulary, skills,
and concepts to be learned.

4) **Modeling** - The teacher demonstrates
what is to be learned

5) **Guided Practice** - The teacher
leads the students through the steps necessary to perform the skill
using multiple modalities.

6) **Checking For Understanding** -
The teacher uses a variety of questioning strategies to determine if
the students are understanding.

7) **Independent Practice** - The teacher
releases students to practice on their own.

8) **Closure** - A review or wrap-up
of the lesson.