Science Teaching Series

Internet Resources

I. Developing Scientific Literacy

II. Developing Scientific Reasoning

III. Developing Scientific Understanding

IV. Developing Scientific Problem Solving

V. Developing Scientific Research Skills

VI. Resources for Teaching Science

Atmosphere / Weather

Science Education | Department of Secondary Education


  1. light sensor (probeware)
  2. relative humidity sensor (probeware)
  3. temperature sensor (probeware)
  4. measurement tools; weather balloon video: (laserdisc)

Atmosphere composition (79% nitrogen; 20% oxygen; >1% carbon dioxide; hydrogen, neon, etc.)

  1. 80% Oxygen: oxidize steel wool in cylinder (oxygen)
  2. Candles in different sized containers (oxygen)
  3. Steel wool burning in oxygen (oxygen)
  4. baking soda & vinegar put out candle (carbon dioxide)
  5. Electrolysis (splitting of water into hydrogen and oxygen)
  6. Balloons with carbon dioxide, air, methane, and hydrogen
  7. hydrogen (zinc & HCl) (hydrogen gas)
  8. Potassium chlorate & jelly beans (oxygen)
  9. Spectroscope of neon, argon, oxygen, helium, etc.
  10. Ozone Depletion: Information from the EPA
  11. Current Air Pollution Readings: National readings on air pollution

Air Pressure

  1. lung demonstration
  2. collapsing can
  3. fountain
  4. Mariott's bottle (pressure is dependent upon depth)
  5. vacuum pump (high pressure clear; low pressure clouds); shaving cream, balloon, boiling water
  6. Magdeburg spheres
  7. hold the cup upside down
  8. candle & flask
  9. boiling water by cooling: air pressure
  10. *barometer: Internet: look for barometric pressure changes
  11. *Intellicast: Radar, Satellite, Surface, High Elevation real-time weather maps
  12. *Weather and Air Pressure conditions in Califronia (see also: The Weather Channel: and WebWeather.)
  13. *water bottle rocket (air pressure)


  1. Convection Box: Hot air rises; air circulation
  2. Flasks: cold(blue) & warm (red); bring rubbermaid container for tray
  3. Circulation
  4. convection tube (water)
  5. aquarium & hot & cold colored water
  6. hot air balloon
  7. Cloud formation/water cycle/rain
  8. cloud formation; storms (laserdisc)
  9. relative humidity
  10. Wind: balancing ping pong balls on (a) straw; (b) air source; (c) hair dryer
  11. Wind: radiometer: sunlight is the source of wind
  12. Weather and Wind conditions in Califronia (see also: The Weather Channel: and WebWeather.)


  1. liter bottle: (touch paper); high pressure (clear); low pressure (clouds)
  2. alcohol & water vapor: pressurize & depressurize with pump
  3. heat container: look for condensation on the sides of clask
  4. water cycle: distillation; rain
  5. Lightning: Tesla coil; lightning; light up fluorescent light (star wars)
  6. Lightning: Plasma ball
  7. Weather and Rain conditions in Califronia (see also: The Weather Channel: and WebWeather.)