Science Teaching Series

Internet Resources

I. Developing Scientific Literacy

II. Developing Scientific Reasoning

III. Developing Scientific Understanding

IV. Developing Scientific Problem Solving

V. Developing Scientific Research Skills

VI. Resources for Teaching Science

5th Grade Standard Addressed on Field Trip

Earth Sciences

3.Water on Earth moves between the oceans and land through the processes of evaporation
and condensation. As a basis for understanding this concept:

a. Students know most of Earth’s water is present as salt water in the oceans, which cover most of Earth’s surface.
b. Students know when liquid water evaporates, it turns into water vapor in the air and can reappear as a liquid when cooled or as a solid if cooled below the freezing
point of water.
c. Students know water vapor in the air moves from one place to another and can form fog or clouds, which are tiny droplets of water or ice, and can fall to Earth as rain, hail, sleet, or snow.
d.Students know that the amount of fresh water located in rivers, lakes, underground
sources, and glaciers is limited and that its availability can be extended by recycling and decreasing the use of water.
e. Students know the origin of the water used by their local communities.

4.Energy from the Sun heats Earth unevenly, causing air movements that result in changing weather patterns. As a basis for understanding this concept:

a.Students know uneven heating of Earth causes air movements (convection currents).
b.Students know the influence that the ocean has on the weather and the role that the water cycle plays in weather patterns.
c. Students know the causes and effects of different types of severe weather.
d.Students know how to use weather maps and data to predict local weather and know that weather forecasts depend on many variables.
e. Students know that the Earth’s atmosphere exerts a pressure that decreases with distance above Earth’s surface and that at any point it exerts this pressure equally in all directions.