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EOH 356B

 

Environmental Health II

 

 

 

Professor: Thomas H. Hatfield, R.E.H.S, Dr.P.H.

 

1. OVERVIEW 

2. MODULES

3. LINKS

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OVERVIEW:   

1. How this web site works

2. Getting Started

3. Course Syllabus

4. Terms

5. People in Environmental Health

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Getting Started

If you haven't already done so, be sure to read "how this web site works." With time, I hope you will find this web site to be very helpful. However, I also know that technology can sometimes turn on us! With that in mind, please consider the following common sense recommendations:

1. When all else fails, contact me! You can contact me:

  • by phone (818-677-4708),
  • by fax (818-677-2045),
  • by email,
  • during office hours, or
  • in class.

2. Don't forget the other traditional sources:

  • Consult the syllabus.
  • Consult the textbook.
  • Talk with your classmates.

3. Click here for county libraries with internet access.

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Syllabus:

A. Course Description

B. Course Objectives

C. Instructor

D. Grading

E. Text

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A. Course Description

This course is an analysis of physical, chemical, and biological influences

on human health with the aim of controlling them.  

Prerequisites: completion of a basic science background.

[3] credits  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B. Course Objectives:

     
    The purpose of Health Science 356A and 356B is to introduce 
     basic terms, core concepts, and fundamental skills used by 
     environmental health professionals.  On completion of this 
     course the student should be able to: 
 
     1. analyze environmental agents in terms of their 
         sources, basic attributes, and fate;
 
     2. identify adverse effects from each agent on 
         human health (acute and chronic), ecosystems, and 
         other risks (including economic and psychological); and 
 
     3. select protective measures for each effect with 
         systematic controls consistent with laws     
         (emphasizing risk communication and management).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C. Instructor: Tom Hatfield, R.E.H.S., Dr.P.H.

Dept. of Health Sciences
California State University
Northridge CA 91330 U.S.A.  
 
Office hours:  MW 12:15-1:15  (Room 2101-H)
Phone:           Office:   818-677-4708           
FAX:     818-677-2045                    
Lectures:       Sect. 1:  MW 11-12:15   
                     Sect. 2:   M  4-7        

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

D. Grading

3 objective exams (equal weight, non-cumulative)

1 journal article summary (further explanation in class)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E. Text:

Salvato J., Environmental Engineering and Sanitation,

John Wiley and Sons, 1992.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Introduction Exams (no longer in use)

  1. Context
  2. Risk Analysis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Air Quality exams (see moodle site these versions are no longer in use)

 

  1. Air pollution
  2. Sources of Air Pollution
  3. Photochemical smog
  4.  
  5. Health Effects from Air Pollutants
  6. Controls of Air Pollutants
  7. Gasoline and Engines
  8.  
  9. Indoor Air Pollution
  10. Clean Air Act
  11. Health Effects of Criteria Pollutants

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Drinking Water exams (see moodle site these versions are no longer in use)

 

  1. Water Sources and Uses
  2. Hard Water
  3.  
  4. Hydrologic cycle
  5. Groundwater
  6. Limnology
  7.  
  8. Standards
  9. Safe Drinking Water Act
  10. Reverse Osmosis
  11.  
  12. Chlorination
  13. Alternatives to Chlorination
  14. Swimming Pools

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wastewater exams (see moodle site these versions are no longer in use)

 

  1. Wastewater sources
  2. Wastewater characteristics
  3. Soils and Wells
  4.  
  5. Wastewater treatment -- 1
  6. Wastewater treatment -- 2
  7. Septic Tanks

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Radiation exams (see moodle site these versions are no longer in use)

 

  1. Radiation sources
  2. Ionizing radiation
  3. Non-ionizing Radiation sources
  4.  
  5. Radiation applications

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. Terms

1. Exam #1

2. Exam #2

3. Exam #3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exam #1:

101

air pollution

 

 

102

criteria pollutants

140

macrophage

103

particulates:

141

asphyxiant

104

dust

142

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

105

smoke

14 3

cyclone separator

106

fumes

14 4

wet scrubber

107

mist

14 5

electrostatic precipitator

108

sprays

146

fabric filter

109

TSP

147

baghouse filter

110

PM-10

14 8

settling chambers

111

high vol sampler

149

sonic collectors

112

cascade impactor

150

fuel desulfurization

113

dustfall jar

15 1

fuel substitution

114

chemoluminescence

152

flue gas desulfurization

115

photochemical smog

15 3

absorption, adsorption

116

plume

154

reducing catalysts

117

wind rose

155

oxidizing catalysts

118

sinks

15 6

positive crankcase ventilation (PCV)

119

rainout

157

vapor recovery systems

120

washout

158

exhaust gas recirculation

121

cyclonic conditions

15 9

catalytic converters:

122

anticyclonic conditions

160

dual bed, 3 way

123

prevailing or environmental lapse rates:

16 1

Clean Air Act:

124

adiabatic

162

best practicable technology

125

subadiabatic

16 3

air quality management

126

superadiabatic

164

pollutant standards index

127

inversion

165

prevention of significant deterioration

128

inversions

166

necrosis, chlorosis

129

subsidence

16 7

non-attainment areas

130

radiation (surface)

168

atmosphere

131

frontal

169

troposphere

132

greenhouse gases

170

stratosphere

133

urban heat island

17 1

mesosphere

134

respiratory regions:

17 2

thermosphere

135

nasopharyngeal

17 3

acid rain

136

trachobronchial

 

 

137

respiratory bronchioles and alveoli

 

 

138

cilia

 

 

139

CFCs

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Exam #2:

101

hydrologic cycle

147

filtration

102

evaporation

148

slow sand filter

103

transpiration

149

rapid sand filter

104

precipitation

150

mixed media filters

105

watershed runoff

151

pressure sand filter

106

percolation

152

diatomaceous earth filter

107

leaching

153

stabilization

108

capillarity

154

chlorination

109

groundwater

155

free residual chlorine

110

zone of aeration

156

hypochlorous acid

111

zone of saturation

157

hypoclorite ion

112

confined aquifer

158

chloramines

113

effective porosity

159

chlorine demand

114

specific yield

160

breakpoint chlorination

115

specific retention

161

DPD (chlorine indicator)

116

water table

162

alternatives to chlorination

117

surface water

163

swimming pools

118

eutrophication

164

cross connections

119

limnology

165

wastewater

120

epilimnion

616

total solids content

121

metalimnion

167

filterable solids

122

thermocline

168

colloids

123

hypolimnion

169

BOD, COD, TOD, TOC

124

homothermous

170

primary, secondary, tertiary

125

drinking water standards

171

bar screen

126

primary standards

172

grit chamber

127

secondary standards

173

comminuter

128

Minimata disease

174

primary sedimentation

129

methemoglobinemia

175

Imhoff tank

130

Carbon Chloroform Extract

176

activated sludge

131

bacteriological quality

177

trickling filters

132

presumptive test

178

rotating biological contactor

133

confirmed test

179

intermittent sand filter

134

completed test

180

waste stabilization ponds

135

MPN

181

reverse osmosis

136

membrane filter

812

electrodialysis

137

IMViC

183

ammonia stripping

138

elevated temp. test

184

sludge digestion

139

water hardness

185

assimilative capacity

140

turbidity

186

aerobic stabilization

141

Secchi disk

187

sedimentation

142

ion exchange

188

pressure, psia, psig

143

water softening

189

cross connections:

144

activated carbon

190

backsiphonage, backpressure

145

coagulation

191

backflow prevention:

146

alum, flocculation

192

air gap, vacuum breakers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Exam #3:

101

pit privy

143

half life

102

cesspools

144

radioactive half life

103

septic tanks

145

biological half life

104

perc test

146

effective half life

105

radiation

147

concentration factor

106

ionizing radiation

148

dose response functions

107

ion

149

linear

108

radioisotope

150

quadratic

109

free radical

151

linear-quadratic

110

fundamental interactions

152

factors affecting sensitivity

111

gravitational

153

mitotic activity

112

electromagnetic

154

differentiation

113

strong interactions

155

radiosensitizers

114

weak interactions

156

sulfhydral groups

115

elementary particles

157

inverse square law

116

baryons

158

half value layer

117

nucleons

159

jurisdiction (NRC,EPA,DOE)

118

hyperons

160

fission, fusion

119

mesons

161

critical mass

120

leptons

162

enrichment

121

photons

163

thermal neutrons

122

directly ionizing radiation

164

implosion

123

alpha particles

165

mining, milling

124

beta particles

166

refining, conversion

125

other charged particles

167

fuel rods

126

indirectly ionizing radiation

168

control rods

127

gamma

169

moderators

128

X-ray

170

heavy water

129

neutrons

171

types of reactors

130

measures

172

light water (LWR)

131

curie, becquerel

173

boiling water (BWR)

132

roentgen, exposure unit

174

pressurized water (PWR)

133

RAD, gray

175

high temp. gas-cooled (HTGR)

134

REM, seiverts

176

breeder (LMFBR)

135

LET

177

radioactive wastes

136

RBE, QF

178

spent fuel rods

137

sources of radiation

179

transuranic

138

natural (terrestrial, cosmic)

180

high level

139

artificial

181

low level

140

effects (acute, chronic)

182

mill tailings

141

somatic, genetic

183

radon

142

alopecia

184

carbon dating

 

 

185

food irradiation

 

 

186

iodine tracers

 

 

187

neutron activation

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Page updated: 4/25/02