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Michael D. Eisner College of Education

California Science Project

Chemistry of Living Systems (Life Science)

8-6. Principles of chemistry underlie the functioning of biological systems. As a basis for understanding this concept:

8-6-a. Students know that carbon, because of its ability to combine in many ways with itself and other elements, has a central role in the chemistry of living organisms.

8-6-b. Students know that living organisms are made of molecules consisting largely of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and sulfur.

5-1-h. Students know living organisms and most materials are composed of just a few

  • Essential elements - C. HOPKINS CaFe Mg NaCl
  • Carbon based chemistry -
    • coal & sugar dehydration demonstrations
    • candle activity
  • Plant and fertilizer chemistry

8-6-c. Students know that living organisms have many different kinds of molecules, including small ones, such as water and salt, and very large ones, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and DNA.