PROSTATES TOU DEMOU

Aristotle Athenaion Politeia 28



Throughout the period of Perikles' ascendancy, the state was run reasonably well, but after his death there was a marked decline. It was then that the people first got a leader who was not approved by the respectable citizens; before this the leaders had always come from this class. The first leader of the people was Solon, and he was followed by Peisistratos, both of them aristocrats of good family. After the fall of the tyranny there was Kleisthenes the Alkmaionid, and he had no opponent after the expulsion of Isagoras and his supporters. Then Xanthippos was the leader of the people and Miltiades was the leader of the aristocrats; then came Themistokles and Aristeides. After them Ephialtes led the people and Kimon the wealthier classes. Then Perikles led the people, while Thucydides, a relative by marriage of Kimon, led the other group. After the death of Perikles, Nikias, who died in Sicily, was the leader of the upper classes, while Kleon the son of Kleanaitos led the people. The latter appears to have corrupted the people more than anyone else by his violence. He was the first to shout when addressing the people, he used abusive language, and addressed the Ekklesia with his garments tucked up, when it was customary to speak properly dressed. After them, Theramenes the son of Hagnon was leader of the gother group, while Kleophon the lyre-maker, who intruduced the two-obol payment, was the leader of the people. . . . After Kleophon there was an unbroken series of demagogues . . . .


FACTION:
LEADER:
Documentation:
NOBLES MILTIADES (IV) Kirchner, Prosopographia Attica #10212.
Davies, Athenian Propertied Families, pp. 301-302.
H. T. Wade Gery, "Miltiades," Essays in Greek History (1958) 155-170.
DEMOS XANTHIPPOS
son of Ariphron
Kirchner #11169.
Davies, pp. 455-457.
A. Raubtischek, "The Ostracism of Xanthippos," AJA 51 (1947) 257-262.
NOBLES ARISTEIDES
son of Lysimachos
Kirchner #1695.
Davies, pp. 48-52.
Meritt, Wade Gery, McGregor (edd.) The Athenian Tribute Lists III (1951) Ch. 6.
DEMOS THEMISTOKLES
son of Neokles
Kirchner #8249.
Davies, pp. 211-220.
A. Bauer & F. Frost, Themistocles (Chicago: Argonaut 1966).
F. J. Frost, "Themistocles' Place in Athenian Politics" CSCA 1 (1968) 105-124.
A. J. Podlecki, The Life of Themistocles (1975).
P. J. Rhodes, "Thucydides on Pausanias and Themistocles," Historia 19 (1970) 387-400.
NOBLES KIMON
son of Miltiades
Kirchner #8429.
Davies, pp. 302-205; 310-312.
J.R. Cole, "Cimon's Dismissal ..." GRBS 15 (1974) 369-385.
J. deRomilly, "Themistocles and Cimon," Thucydides and Athenian Imperialism (Oxford 1963) 230-235.
R. D. Scott, "Aristotle Ath. pol. 26.1 on Cimon," CPh 69 (1974) 117-118.
DEMOS EPHIALTES
son of Sophonides
Kirchner #6157.
E. Ruschenbusch, "Ephialtes," Historia 15 (1966) 369-376.
R. Sealey, "Ephialtes," CPh 59 (1964) 11-22.
R. W. Wallace, "Ephialtes and the Areopagus," GRBS 15 (1974) 259-269.
NOBLES THOUKUDIDES
son of Melesias
Kirchner #7268.
Davies, pp. 230-237.
F. J. Frost, "Thucydides son of Melesias...," Historia 13 (1964) 385 ff.
H. D. Meyer, "Thukydides Melesiou...," Historia 16 (1967) 141-154.
DEMOS PERIKLES
son of Xanthippos
Kirchner #11811.
Davies, pp. 457-460.
A.W.Gomme, "Perikles Monarchos," JHS 70 (1950) 77 ff.
R. Sealey, "The Entry of Pericles into History," Hermes 84 (1956) 234 ff.
K. J. Dover, "[Dekatos autos]," JHS 80 (1960) 61-77.
N.G.L. Hammond, CQ 19 (1969) 111-144.
J. H. Schreiner, Aristotle and Perikles (Oslo 1968).[Cf. Hammond CR 19 (1969) 203-206.]
NOBLES NIKIAS
son of Nikeratos
Kirchner #10808.
Davies, pp. 403-407.
W. R. Connor, The New Politicians of Fifth Century Athens (1971) 139 ff. and 160-163.
DEMOS KLEON
son of Kleianetos
Kirchner #8674.
Davies, pp. 318-320.
Connor, The New Politicians , passim.
J. DeRomilly, Thucydides , "Cleon", pp. 156-194.
A.B.West & B.D. Meritt, "Cleon's Amphipolitan Campaign and the Assessment List of 421," AJA 29 (1925) 59-69.
M. Lang, "Cleon as the anti-Pericles," CPh 67 (1972) 159 ff.
M. Renaud, "Le démagogue Cleon," LEC 41 (1973) 181-196; 295-308.
NOBLES THERAMENES
son of Hagnon
Kirchner #7234.
Davies, pp. 227-228.
M. C. Razzano Giammareo, "Teramene di Stiria," PP 28 (1973) 397-425.
W. S. Ferguson, "The Constitution of Theramenes," CPh 21 (1926) 72-75.
DEMOS KLEOPHON
son of Kleippides
Kirchner #8638.
E. Vanderpool, "Cleophon," Hesperia 21 (1952) 114-115; 37 (1968) 120.
DEMAGOGUES:
  • M. I. Finley, "The Athenian Demagogues," Past and Present 21 (1962) 3-24.
  • V. Ehrenberg, The People of Aristophanes (1951).
  • A. B. West, "Pericles' Political Heirs," CPh 14 (1919) 124-146; 19 (1924) 201-228.
  • W. R. Connor, Theopompos and Fifth Century Athens (Cambridge: Harvard 1968), "On the Demagogues," pp. 19-46; 47-69.

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