|343/2||Macedonia||Aristotle becomes tutor to Alexander, son of King Philip II. Aristotle died in 322 B. C., in exile from Athens–to which he had returned after Alexander set off for Asia in 334.|
|338||Battle of Chaeroneia||defeat of the forces of Thebes and Athens by Philip and Alexander.|
|336||Assassination of Philip II||.|
|335||Destruction of Thebes||.|
|334||Expedition of Alexander to Asia begins||Battle of the Granicus (May)|
Battle of the Issus (September)
Defeat of King Darius III
|332||Siege of Tyre||Alexander becomes Pharaoh in Egypt|
|331||Alexandria||Foundation of Alexandria 'next-to-Egypt'|
|331||Assyria||Battle of Gaugamela (September)|
Sack of Persepolis (January)
Darius III is murdered by his satraps (July)
Philotas conspiracy (autumn0 [Plutarch Alexander 48-49.]
|329||Samarkand||Murder of Clitus (Summer) [Plutarch, 50-51.]|
Alexander marries Roxane. 30,000 young Persians recruited to be trained as 'Greek' soldiers.
Conspiracy of the Pages. Hermalaus. Execution of the historian Callisthenes, nephew of Aristotle [Plutarch, 52-55.]
Campaign against Poros
The Army Mutiny [Plutarch, 60-62.]
Alexander wounded in a battle against the Mallians.
March through the Gedrosian desert.
Alexander at Susa: reorganization of the army and the administration.
Mass marriage of Greeks and Persians: Alexander marries Stateira, the daughter of Darius (who is later murdered by Roxana) [Plutarch, 70-71.]
Alexander demands recognition from the Greeks as a god.
Death of Alexander's Friend, Hephaestion (Autumn) [Plutarch, ch. 72.]
Alexander returns to Babylon (May)
Alexander falls ill with a fever on 18 Daisios (June 2)
Alexander dies at Babylon on the evening of 28 Daisios (June 12, 323); he was in his 33rd year [Plutarch, 76-77.]
The Army proclaims Philip III Arrhidaios and the newborn Alexander IV (son of Roxana) as Kings. This was managed by Perdikkas (who became one of the 'Successors', Diadochi).
Outbreak of the Lamian War, and revolt of the Greek mainland states against Antipater, the Regent of Macedonia, and his son Krateros–who had become the guardian of Philip III [Plutarch Demosthenes 27.]
Battle of Krannon: flight of Demosthenes from Athens; he commits suicide [Plutarch Demosthenes 28-30.]
Death of Aristotle
Perdikkas, Regent for Alexander IV, is killed while trying to invade Egypt, where Alexander's general Ptolemy son of Lagos had installed himself. Ptolemy had kidnapped Alexander's mummy and buried it (eventually) in Alexandria, thus qualifying himself to be Alexander's successor as Pharaoh in Egypt. He assumed the Greek title of Basileus in 305/4, after Antigonus and his son Demetrios had done so [Plutarch Demetrios 17-19.]
|317||Macedonia||Olympias (mother of Alexander III, widow of Philip II) executes Philip III Arrhidaios and his wife Eurydice.|
|310||Macedonia||Kassander, son of the Regent Antipater, murders Alexander IV and his mother Roxane.|
|301||Cilicia||Battle of the Kings at Ipsos. Death of Antigonus and the end of the power of Demetrios Poliorcetes.|
John Paul Adams, CSUN