Science Teaching Series

Internet Resources

I. Developing Scientific Literacy

II. Developing Scientific Reasoning

III. Developing Scientific Understanding

IV. Developing Scientific Problem Solving

V. Developing Scientific Research Skills

VI. Resources for Teaching Science


Techniques in the Teaching-With-Analogy Model

1.Introduce target concept
2.Cue retrieval of analog concept
3.Identify relevant features of target and analog
4.Map similarities
5.Indicate where analogy breaks down
6.Draw conclusions

Science Analogy Links

Detailed Analogies

Simple Analogies


Analogy collage: Draw a typical plant or animal cell on a small (6" X 8") piece of drawing paper. Paste the drawing in the center of a large sheet of construction paper. Pointers from the cell structures lead to pictures cut from magazines or newspapers and a functional analogy expressed in the your own words.

MAT: Miller Analogies Test (MAT). The MAT is a high-level mental ability test requiring the solution of problems stated as analogies. It consists of
100 partial analogies that are completed in 50 minutes.


Glynn, S. M. (1991). Explaining science concepts: A Teaching-with-Analogies Model. In S. M. Glynn, R. H. Yeany, & B. K.Britton (Eds.), The psychology of learning science (pp. 219- 240). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Harrison, A. G., & Treagust, D. F. (1993). Teaching with analogies: A case study in grade-10 optics. Journal of Research in
Science Teaching, 30, 1291-1307.

Harrison, A. G., & Treagust, D. F. (1994). Science analogies. The Science Teacher, 61, 40-43.

Thiele, R. B., & Treagust, D. F. (1994). An interpretive examination of high school chemistry teachers' analogical explanations.
Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 31, 227-242.

Treagust, D. F., Duit, R., Joslin, P., & Lindauer, I. (1992). Science teachers' use of analogies: Observations from classroom
practice. International Journal of Science Education, 14, 413-422.