Bound Morphemes are used to change the function of some words and to identify the function of some others.
5. Word Functions: The Prince, it turns out was a "kind" man. The word "kind" is an adjective which describes someone.
If we wish to talk about that quality, however, we canÅt use an adjective. We need a noun.
Here again, bound morphemes play an important role. By adding the bound morpheme "ness" to the adjective we can change it into a noun!
It can go the other way too. Cinderella was a "beauty." "Beauty" is a noun. If we want to use it to describe someone, we must change it into an adjective.
To do this we add the bound morpheme "-iful." Think how many of these the child will learn.
6. Markers: Bound morphemes are also used to identify the function of other words. We will discuss this, however, at little later.