This would include at least three processes: Short-term memory; Long-term memory; and the conversion of information from Short-term to Long-term memory.
(Check the notes for further discussion on memory processes and the types of memory).
Short-term memory is of particular importance in the auditory modality, where the stimulus doesn't hang around very long. Speech, for
example, as we discussed earlier, is a discursive stimulus--strung out in time.
It is impossible to have a Gestalt experience of a single spoken sentence. Unlike a picture, the stimulus for the beginning of a sentence is gone before half of the first phrase is expressed.
Yet we need the whole sentence to understand the significance of the individual words.
NOTES: Some more information on Short-term Memory
NOTES: Still more information on Short-term memory and the differerence between Long-term memory.