Table of Contents
Memory is a Habit State:
Memory Performance includes Non-Habit States
Memory is a Complex Process with many sub-processes
Sensory Short-term memory
Perceptual Short-term memory
The magical number 7
Reduced chunk capacity may impede our ability to understand a sentence.
Cicero spoke of many things, but all of them in the same sentence.
Perceptual Short-term memory span is related to academic achievement.
Working Short-term Memory
Repetition is the workhorse of Working Short-term Memory.
The Conversion Process
How sweet it is to be able to learn!
Long-term memory is a bundle of sub processes.
Episodic Memory holds the past, and Language Memory holds the key to tell it.
Language Memory is a bundle of processes.
Motor Memory (procedural memory):
Forgetting: Trace Decay, Trace Transformation and Trace Inhibition
Trace Decay--More than 50% of information learned is lost in the first hour.
Rehearsal counteracts the forgetting curve.
Reminiscence, Primacy and Recency Effects are processes that retard Trace Decay.
Warm-ups, and the Von Restorff Effect are also processes that retard forgetting.
Trace Transformation--another way to forget.
The "Good Old Days" are a product of Trace Transformation.
Trace Inhibition-- Old memories are never lost, they just can't be found.
Recent memories may be destroyed first by a brain pathology.
Trace Inhibition is both retroactive and proactive
To sleep is to forget not--which is why, I suppose, students never forget a thing in my lectures.
There are Two Schools of Thought on how to Improve Memory
If you can't be like Arnie, hit the road Jack.
Which Approach Works Best
Strategies are the best way to go for the geriatric set, but don't sell Arnie short.
The Arnie Schwarzenegger Approach is the best way to go for the baby set
Experiences are the name of the Game
Games are the name of the experiences.
We can't read too much into this, nor can we read too much to the child of any age.
"To Be or Not to Be," that is the recitation that stretches men"s minds. "Et Tu Brute?"
There is more to Sports and Music than meets the ear.
Developing Memory can be a drilling experience.
The big gun for developing memory is a "Magnum 44" aimed at the TV Set.
Increasing memory performance through strategies
Organization is the bases for most memory strategies.
Miller's magical number was 7 chunks.
Mnemonic devices are chunk crunchers.
Visual Memory Pegs are something to hang memories on.
It takes memory to learn Grammar, but then Grammar facilitates memory performance.
Enough of this...