Chapter 17 Vocabulary



byrnsweord flaming sword (strong, neuter)

cirice church (weak, feminine)

ealdor lord, prince (strong, masculine)

eard land (strong, masculine)

geat gate (strong, neuter; accusative plural of gatu)

iglond island (strong, neuter)

lic body, corpse (strong, neuter)

Maria Mary (weak, feminine)

Rom Rome (weak)

Sancta Saint (Latin adjective "holy" used as a noun)

swefn dream (strong, neuter)

treow pledge (strong, feminine)

Wendelsæ Mediterranean Sea (feminine; proper name)

world world (strong, feminine; often weoruld)

wroht strife (strong, feminine)

wyrm worm, dragon


Strong Verbs:

ahebban: to lift, raise, exalt

becuman: to come, arrive

fordrifan: to drive away, sweep away

forgyldan: to pay for

gefaran: to travel, go

gehealdan: to keep, preserve

gesittan: to settle, remain, sit

geteon: to draw

licgan: to lie

onginnan: to begin

onwacian: to wake

toniman: to open

weorþan: to become, happen

þurh-slean: to smite through


Weak Verbs:

cirman: to cry out, shout (1st conjugation)

cohhetan: to bluster, shout (1st conjugation)

gristbitian: to gnash the teeth (2nd conjugation)

(ge)niwian: to renew (2nd conjugation)

(ge)somnian: to assemble (2nd conjugation)

Preterite-Present Verbs

het: commanded (past tense of hatan)



ealle: completely

feor: far

hider: hither

hlude: loudly

up: up

þus: thus



an: one

ece: eternal, everlasting

til: good

urne: our (accusative singular of ure)



for þon: because


These sentences for translation can also be accessed through King Alfred.

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