Chapter 13 Vocabulary



blodgyte: bloodshed (strong, masculine)

bryne: fire, burning (strong, masculine)

(ge)bytlu: building (nominative plural; strong, nueter)

(ge) dreccednes: tributlation (strong, feminine)

earfoðnes: hardship (strong, feminine)

gafol: profit, taxes (strong, neuter)

gar: spear (strong, masculine)

here: war, battle (strong, masculine)

ieldran: ancestors (nominative plural; strong, feminine)

mæden: maiden, girl (strong, neuter)

stow: place (strong, masculine)

teolung: tillage (strong, feminine)

werod: troop, company (strong, neuter)

wisdom: wisdom (strong, masculine)

woruld: world (strong, feminine)



becumað: happen, befall (present 3rd person plural of becuman)

berypð: plunders (present 3rd person singular of berypan)

dohte: availed (past tense 3rd person singular of dugan)

gymð: cares for (present 3rd person singular of gieman)

hæfde: had (past tense 3rd person singular of habban)

hioldon: held (past tense 3rd person plural)

lofodon: loved (past tense plural)

wagode: waved, shook (past tense 3rd person singular of wagian)



ær: previously

grædelice: greedily

lange: long, for long



micle: large

wanspedig: poor, destitute



eac: also neither...nor


New forms of pronouns:

hio: she

ðissere: this (dative feminine singular)


These sentences for translation can also be accessed through King Alfred.

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