Religions of the World Mid-term Examination (Go to an interactive version)
(A. Hinduism (B. Buddhism (C. Confucianism (D. Taoism (E. Zen
Place the scriptures or concept with the appropriate religion
1. The Upanishads
2. The Analects
3. The Vedas
4. The Lotus Sutra
5. The Tao Te Ching
7. The Bhaghvad Gita
8. "What cannot be indrawn with breath, but that whereby breath is indrawn. Know that alone to be Brahman, the Spirit, and not what people here adore."
9. "Why scurry about looking for the truth? Can you be still and see the mountain? the pine tree? yourself? Don't imagine that you'll discover it by accumulating knowledge..."
10. "The Master said:...The ancient kings had a perfect virtue and all-embracing rule of conduct, through which they were in accord with all under heaven."
11. "Monks these two extremes ought not to be cultivated:...sensual desire...which leads to no good...[and] devotion to self-torment...which leads to no good"
12. "The Master doesn't talk he acts./When his work is done,/ the people say, 'Amazing:/we did it, all by ourselves.'"
13. "If you open yourself to the Tao,/ you are at one with the Tao."
14. "The Master said, I have transmitted what was taught to me without making up anything of my own. I have been faithful to the Ancients."
15. "Do you have the patience to wait till you mud settles and the water is clear?"
16. "Ah, my God, I see all gods within your body; Each in his degree, the multitude of creatures: See Lord Brahma throned upon the lotus..."
17. "Moral force never dwells in solitude; it will always bring neighbors."
18. "He who clings to the void/And neglects Compassion,/Does not reach the highest stage./But he who practices only Compassion,/Does not gain release from the toils of existence./He, however, who is strong in practice of both,/Remains neither in Samsara nor in Nirvana..."
19. The Sound of One Hand Clapping
20. Go with the Flow
21. As it is in Heaven, so on Earth
22. "The ancients who wished to manifest their clear character to the world would
first bring order to their states. Those who wished to bring order to their states
would first regulate their families. Those who wished to regulate their families would first cultivate their personal lives."
23. The Chuang Tzu
24. The writings of Mencius
25. the Twelve Acts
A.) Jnana Yoga B.) Bhakti Yoga C.) Karma Yoga D.) Raja Yoga
26. the path of devotion
27. psychophysical exercises
29. the way to God through knowledge
30. the way to God through duty
A. Theravadin B. Mahayana C. Vajrayana D. Zen E. Pure Land
31. has the Bodhisattva ideal
32. associated with Tibet
33. appeals to Amidha Buddha who is gracious at the moment of death
34 "The secret of the Flower"
35. emphasizes "zazen"
36. sees the individual salvation of monks as highest ideal
37. also known as the Hinayana
38. emphasizes intuition as a direct transmission outside of scripture
39. the branch depicted in Little Buddha
40. talks about the Western Paradise in this very popular form of Chinese and Japanese Buddhism.
In the Hidden Fortress
A. Taoism B. Buddhism C. Confucianism D. Shinto
41. The postures and poses of the Samurai in contemplation.
42. The spontaneity of accepting new conditions and going with them as they arose.
43. The Fire Festival
44. The noblesse oblige of the princess (her concern for her subjects).
45. the sense of loyalty and concern for the welfare of the state and restoration of the government.
46. the concept of li
47. folk religion
48. analysis of disorder as caused by individual greed and lack of jen
49. the idea of reincarnation
50. the warrior code of the Samaurai general linked to his swordsmanship.
51. Which term or phrase best characterizes the complexion of contemporary global culture?
A. hopelessly confused
C. tragically conflicted
D. passionately nationalistic
52. What does the expression, used by Mircea Eliade, that the universe is "non-homogeneous" mean?
A. That all reality is conditioned
B. That the universe is not everyone’s cup of milk
C. That all reality is unconditioned
D. Basic to religion is the idea of a split-level universe
53. Which of the following would be an example of an unconditioned reality?
B. A hotdog with everything on it
C. Star Trek
54. Which of the following would be considered to provide a bridge between conditioned and unconditioned reality?
A. A Socialist Utopia
55. With which of the following can the sociologist Joachim Wach be associated?
A. The four noble truths.
B. The ultimate definition of religion.
C. The three forms of religious expression.
D. The use of sociology to render all religions relative
56. In which of the following categories would myth and doctrine fall?
D. Philosophical Absolutism
57. What entails a phenomenological approach to religion?
A. Synonymous with feminist concerns
C. A purely descriptive approach.
D. Being highly critical of all the harm religion has done.
58. At which phase of historical and religious development would you expect to
find the emergence of Shamanism?
C. Hunter Gathering
D. Ancient Empires
59. At which phase of historical and religious development would you expect to
find the emergence of the Divinity of Emperors?
A. Ancient Empires
D. Hunter Gathering
60. Religion can be easily defined.
61. Religion is a positive experience wherever it goes and for whomever it
62. Despite the general patriarchal composition of all the major religions a "little
tradition" often can be detected which provided considerable participation
63. A response to history that is fulfilled in Neo-Platonic, Stoic, and Epicurean
philosophy or in such works as the Upanishads and Bhagavad-Gita could
be called the __________ response.
C. Religious Founders
64. When using the word "Primitive" in referring to archaic and tribal religions
the best sense should be taken to mean
B. Primary, or first among the developments of religion
D. Simply unsophisticated
65. Which of the following terms was used by Eliade to refer to a religious
worldview coextensive with archaic hunters and farmers as well as with
some contemporary exponents?
A. Cosmic religion
B. New Age
D. Historical religion
66. Which of the following best represents the controversial interpretations of
the late Marija Gimbutas and others concerning the pervasive female
symbolism present among archaic agriculturists?
A. That women were thoroughly dominated by men at all times.
B. That women were prominent, held a great deal of social power, and that
there may have even been some matriarchal societies
C. That goddess symbolism simply suggests the importance of fertility.
D. That women did not invent agriculture
67. A __________ is often associated with a drum, flights of ecstasy, or in some
68. Which term best describes the consort and/or "power" of Shiva?
69. Which stage of life is associated with liberation or salvation?
70. Which of the following scriptures is the oldest?
A. The Rig Veda
B. The Brahmanas
C. The Aranyakas
D. The Upanishads
71. Which was the most popular deity of the old Vedic period?
72. Which class of people was responsible for the proper performance of
73. In the Katha Upanishad, what does Nachiketa learn from Yama in answer to
his third question?
A. That Atman is Brahman
B. That you can’t always get what you want.
C. That life is a beach and then you drown
D. That all life is suffering
74. In which texts does the doctrine of reincarnation first appear?
A. The Upanishads
B. The yoga Sutras
C. The Rig-Veda
D. The Bhagavad-Gita
75. Who compiled the yoga sutras?
D. A sadhu called Hatha
76. Which of the following movements involves forms of "shock therapy" and
sexual imagery to achieve enlightenment?
C. Mandala and yantra
77. Which of the following is associated with the rise of Jainism?
C. Guru Nanak
78. High-caste women seemed to have enjoyed greater freedom during the early
Vedic period than under the later classical developments.
79. After his spectacular presentation of Hinduism to the World Parliament of
Religions in 1893, Swami __________ established the Vedanta society in
C. Sai Baba
80. The path of __________ often considers its ideal devotees as "spiritually
female" so that males will "suspend their masculinity."
D. Hatha Yoga
81. Which of the following best describes the overall orientation of Buddhism?
82. What was the early life of the Siddhartha Gautama like?
A. The life of a normal child.
B. Full of bitterness and suffering.
C. His father had raised him to be a religious sage.
D. He was a Prince who was granted every pleasure.
83. Which is the first of the Four Noble Truths?
A. Life is characterized by suffering.
B. Suffering is caused by desire.
C. Follow the eightfold path.
D. Desire can be caused to cease.
84. Which is not one of the "Three Jewels"?
A. Refuge in the Buddha.
B. Refuge in the Western Paradise.
C. Refuge in the Samgha.
D. Refuge in the Dharma.
85. What is the basic idea of Anataman, or no-self?
A. People are too selfish.
B. People need to go easier on themselves.
C. The sense of an isolated self is a delusion generated by the skhandas.
D. People should not put themselves on too high a pedestal.
86. Which of the following is not part of the Mahayana?
B. Pure Land
87. Which of the following forms of Mahayana Buddhism is most likely to
employ Tantric techniques?
88. Tibetan Buddhism is most closely associated with which of the following
A. Pure Land
89. In general, Buddhism served to elevate the status of women above the
prevailing social conditions of the time.
90. Chan and Zen Buddhism are based on __________, the Sanskrit term for
91. According to the Chan/Zen, the tradition of "direct pointing to reality" began
when the Buddha held out a flower and a smile to his disciple, __________.
D. His wife
92. "What is the sound of one hand clapping?" is a famous example of a Zen
D. One liner
93. At what stage in Chinese culture did burial begin to play an important role?
A. In the time of the "Warring States"
B. During the Confucian Period
C. The period that is recognized as the first period of "real Civilization" in
China, the period of the Shang dynasty
D. Neolithic times
94. In addition and supplementary to the concern for proper burials, what other
practice was present in archaic Chinese culture?
A. Ancestor veneration
B. The Mandate of Heaven
D. Chan Meditation
95. Which of the following is not a Confucian classic?
A. The Yi Jing
B. The Dao de jing
C. The Book of Rites
D. The Historical Spring and Autumn Annals
96. Which of the following is the Confucian virtue par excellence?
C. Knowing how to properly serve wine
97. Which of the following is one of the biggest differences between Confucian
and Daoist thought?
A. Confucians have texts, while Daoist have none.
B. Confucianism does not seek the Dao, Daoism does.
C. Confucius was a rebel whereas Laozi was a public servant.
D. Confucianism is rationalistic whereas Daoism is intuitive.
98. Which one of the following would be an example of wu-wei?
A. Learning as much as you can about a subject before commenting on it
B. Going with the flow
C. Waiting till the last minute to study for an exam
D. Learning to sit in perfect calm while in Lotus position
99. According to the Dao de jing, when did rules and morals appear?
A. When God, the Lord of Heaven manifested them to Laozi.
B. When people lost sight of the Dao.
C. As a result of the Mandate of Heaven
D. When people decided to quit living like barbarians.
100. The practice of footbinding to form women's feet into tiny "Golden Lotuses"
was relatively painless and enabled young Chinese girls to dance like