Religions of the World Mid-term Examination (Go to an interactive version)

(A. Hinduism (B. Buddhism (C. Confucianism (D. Taoism (E. Zen

Place the scriptures or concept with the appropriate religion

1. The Upanishads

2. The Analects

3. The Vedas

4. The Lotus Sutra

5. The Tao Te Ching

6. Koans

7. The Bhaghvad Gita

8. "What cannot be indrawn with breath, but that whereby breath is indrawn. Know that alone to be Brahman, the Spirit, and not what people here adore."

9. "Why scurry about looking for the truth? Can you be still and see the mountain? the pine tree? yourself? Don't imagine that you'll discover it by accumulating knowledge..."

10. "The Master said:...The ancient kings had a perfect virtue and all-embracing rule of conduct, through which they were in accord with all under heaven."

11. "Monks these two extremes ought not to be cultivated:...sensual desire...which leads to no good...[and] devotion to self-torment...which leads to no good"

12. "The Master doesn't talk he acts./When his work is done,/ the people say, 'Amazing:/we did it, all by ourselves.'"

13. "If you open yourself to the Tao,/ you are at one with the Tao."

14. "The Master said, I have transmitted what was taught to me without making up anything of my own. I have been faithful to the Ancients."

15. "Do you have the patience to wait till you mud settles and the water is clear?"

16. "Ah, my God, I see all gods within your body; Each in his degree, the multitude of creatures: See Lord Brahma throned upon the lotus..."

17. "Moral force never dwells in solitude; it will always bring neighbors."

18. "He who clings to the void/And neglects Compassion,/Does not reach the highest stage./But he who practices only Compassion,/Does not gain release from the toils of existence./He, however, who is strong in practice of both,/Remains neither in Samsara nor in Nirvana..."

19. The Sound of One Hand Clapping

20. Go with the Flow

21. As it is in Heaven, so on Earth

22. "The ancients who wished to manifest their clear character to the world would

first bring order to their states. Those who wished to bring order to their states

would first regulate their families. Those who wished to regulate their families would first cultivate their personal lives."

23. The Chuang Tzu

24. The writings of Mencius

25. the Twelve Acts




A.) Jnana Yoga B.) Bhakti Yoga C.) Karma Yoga D.) Raja Yoga

26. the path of devotion

27. psychophysical exercises

28. work

29. the way to God through knowledge

30. the way to God through duty

A. Theravadin B. Mahayana C. Vajrayana D. Zen E. Pure Land

31. has the Bodhisattva ideal

32. associated with Tibet

33. appeals to Amidha Buddha who is gracious at the moment of death

34 "The secret of the Flower"

35. emphasizes "zazen"

36. sees the individual salvation of monks as highest ideal

37. also known as the Hinayana

38. emphasizes intuition as a direct transmission outside of scripture

39. the branch depicted in Little Buddha

40. talks about the Western Paradise in this very popular form of Chinese and Japanese Buddhism.



In the Hidden Fortress

A. Taoism B. Buddhism C. Confucianism D. Shinto

41. The postures and poses of the Samurai in contemplation.

42. The spontaneity of accepting new conditions and going with them as they arose.

43. The Fire Festival

44. The noblesse oblige of the princess (her concern for her subjects).

45. the sense of loyalty and concern for the welfare of the state and restoration of the government.

46. the concept of li

47. folk religion

48. analysis of disorder as caused by individual greed and lack of jen

49. the idea of reincarnation

50. the warrior code of the Samaurai general linked to his swordsmanship.






51. Which term or phrase best characterizes the complexion of contemporary global culture?

A. hopelessly confused

B. pluralistic

C. tragically conflicted

D. passionately nationalistic


52. What does the expression, used by Mircea Eliade, that the universe is "non-homogeneous" mean?

A. That all reality is conditioned

B. That the universe is not everyone’s cup of milk

C. That all reality is unconditioned

D. Basic to religion is the idea of a split-level universe


53. Which of the following would be an example of an unconditioned reality?

A. History

B. A hotdog with everything on it

C. Star Trek

D. God


54. Which of the following would be considered to provide a bridge between conditioned and unconditioned reality?

A. A Socialist Utopia

B. Democracy

C. Economics

D. Religion


55. With which of the following can the sociologist Joachim Wach be associated?

A. The four noble truths.

B. The ultimate definition of religion.

C. The three forms of religious expression.

D. The use of sociology to render all religions relative


56. In which of the following categories would myth and doctrine fall?

A. Theoretical

B. Sociological

C. Practical

D. Philosophical Absolutism


57. What entails a phenomenological approach to religion?

A. Synonymous with feminist concerns

B. Marxist.

C. A purely descriptive approach.

D. Being highly critical of all the harm religion has done.



58. At which phase of historical and religious development would you expect to

find the emergence of Shamanism?

A. Modernism

B. Agricultural

C. Hunter Gathering

D. Ancient Empires

59. At which phase of historical and religious development would you expect to

find the emergence of the Divinity of Emperors?

A. Ancient Empires

B. Agricultural

C. Modernism

D. Hunter Gathering

60. Religion can be easily defined.



61. Religion is a positive experience wherever it goes and for whomever it




62. Despite the general patriarchal composition of all the major religions a "little

tradition" often can be detected which provided considerable participation

for women.












63. A response to history that is fulfilled in Neo-Platonic, Stoic, and Epicurean

philosophy or in such works as the Upanishads and Bhagavad-Gita could

be called the __________ response.

A. Wisdom

B. Epic

C. Religious Founders

D. Ritual

64. When using the word "Primitive" in referring to archaic and tribal religions

the best sense should be taken to mean

A. Savage

B. Primary, or first among the developments of religion

C. Barbarian

D. Simply unsophisticated

65. Which of the following terms was used by Eliade to refer to a religious

worldview coextensive with archaic hunters and farmers as well as with

some contemporary exponents?

A. Cosmic religion

B. New Age

C. Animistic

D. Historical religion

66. Which of the following best represents the controversial interpretations of

the late Marija Gimbutas and others concerning the pervasive female

symbolism present among archaic agriculturists?

A. That women were thoroughly dominated by men at all times.

B. That women were prominent, held a great deal of social power, and that

there may have even been some matriarchal societies

C. That goddess symbolism simply suggests the importance of fertility.

D. That women did not invent agriculture

67. A __________ is often associated with a drum, flights of ecstasy, or in some

cases, seances.

A. Dema

B. Shaman

C. Samhain

D. Mystic





68. Which term best describes the consort and/or "power" of Shiva?

A. Chakra

B. Samsara

C. Shankara

D. Shakti


69. Which stage of life is associated with liberation or salvation?

A. Kama

B. Moksha

C. Dharma

D. Artha

70. Which of the following scriptures is the oldest?

A. The Rig Veda

B. The Brahmanas

C. The Aranyakas

D. The Upanishads

71. Which was the most popular deity of the old Vedic period?

A. Krishna

B. Agni

C. Indra

D. Thor

72. Which class of people was responsible for the proper performance of


A. Vaishyas

B. Shudras

C. Kshatriyas

D. Brahmins

73. In the Katha Upanishad, what does Nachiketa learn from Yama in answer to

his third question?

A. That Atman is Brahman

B. That you can’t always get what you want.

C. That life is a beach and then you drown

D. That all life is suffering

74. In which texts does the doctrine of reincarnation first appear?

A. The Upanishads

B. The yoga Sutras

C. The Rig-Veda

D. The Bhagavad-Gita

75. Who compiled the yoga sutras?

A. Krishna

B. Pannenburg

C. Patanjali

D. A sadhu called Hatha

76. Which of the following movements involves forms of "shock therapy" and

sexual imagery to achieve enlightenment?

A. Chakra

B. Tantra

C. Mandala and yantra

D. Kundalini

77. Which of the following is associated with the rise of Jainism?

A. Govinda

B. Mahavira

C. Guru Nanak

D. Gandhi

78. High-caste women seemed to have enjoyed greater freedom during the early

Vedic period than under the later classical developments.



79. After his spectacular presentation of Hinduism to the World Parliament of

Religions in 1893, Swami __________ established the Vedanta society in


A. Ramakrishna

B. Vivekananda

C. Sai Baba

D. Gandhi

80. The path of __________ often considers its ideal devotees as "spiritually

female" so that males will "suspend their masculinity."

A. Bhakti

B. Asceticism

C. Tantra

D. Hatha Yoga

81. Which of the following best describes the overall orientation of Buddhism?

A. Psychological

B. Physiological

C. Dualistic

D. Tantric


82. What was the early life of the Siddhartha Gautama like?

A. The life of a normal child.

B. Full of bitterness and suffering.

C. His father had raised him to be a religious sage.

D. He was a Prince who was granted every pleasure.

83. Which is the first of the Four Noble Truths?

A. Life is characterized by suffering.

B. Suffering is caused by desire.

C. Follow the eightfold path.

D. Desire can be caused to cease.

84. Which is not one of the "Three Jewels"?

A. Refuge in the Buddha.

B. Refuge in the Western Paradise.

C. Refuge in the Samgha.

D. Refuge in the Dharma.

85. What is the basic idea of Anataman, or no-self?

A. People are too selfish.

B. People need to go easier on themselves.

C. The sense of an isolated self is a delusion generated by the skhandas.

D. People should not put themselves on too high a pedestal.

86. Which of the following is not part of the Mahayana?

A. Vajrayana

B. Pure Land

C. Theravada

D. Zen

87. Which of the following forms of Mahayana Buddhism is most likely to

employ Tantric techniques?

A. Zen

B. Chan

C. Theravada

D. Vajrayana

88. Tibetan Buddhism is most closely associated with which of the following


A. Pure Land

B. Vajrayana

C. Theravada

D. Zen

89. In general, Buddhism served to elevate the status of women above the

prevailing social conditions of the time.



90. Chan and Zen Buddhism are based on __________, the Sanskrit term for


A. Dao

B. Dharma

C. Kashyapa

D. Dhyana

91. According to the Chan/Zen, the tradition of "direct pointing to reality" began

when the Buddha held out a flower and a smile to his disciple, __________.

A. Kashyapa

B. Mara

C. Bodhidharma

D. His wife

92. "What is the sound of one hand clapping?" is a famous example of a Zen


A. Dharma

B. Mandala

C. Koan

D. One liner

93. At what stage in Chinese culture did burial begin to play an important role?

A. In the time of the "Warring States"

B. During the Confucian Period

C. The period that is recognized as the first period of "real Civilization" in

China, the period of the Shang dynasty

D. Neolithic times

94. In addition and supplementary to the concern for proper burials, what other

practice was present in archaic Chinese culture?

A. Ancestor veneration

B. The Mandate of Heaven

C. Wu-Wei

D. Chan Meditation

95. Which of the following is not a Confucian classic?

A. The Yi Jing

B. The Dao de jing

C. The Book of Rites

D. The Historical Spring and Autumn Annals

96. Which of the following is the Confucian virtue par excellence?

A. Celibacy

B. Ren

C. Knowing how to properly serve wine

D. Wu-wei

97. Which of the following is one of the biggest differences between Confucian

and Daoist thought?

A. Confucians have texts, while Daoist have none.

B. Confucianism does not seek the Dao, Daoism does.

C. Confucius was a rebel whereas Laozi was a public servant.

D. Confucianism is rationalistic whereas Daoism is intuitive.

98. Which one of the following would be an example of wu-wei?

A. Learning as much as you can about a subject before commenting on it

B. Going with the flow

C. Waiting till the last minute to study for an exam

D. Learning to sit in perfect calm while in Lotus position

99. According to the Dao de jing, when did rules and morals appear?

A. When God, the Lord of Heaven manifested them to Laozi.

B. When people lost sight of the Dao.

C. As a result of the Mandate of Heaven

D. When people decided to quit living like barbarians.

100. The practice of footbinding to form women's feet into tiny "Golden Lotuses"

was relatively painless and enabled young Chinese girls to dance like


A. True

B. False