The U.S.-American population is becoming increasingly diverse. In fact, U.S.-born and foreign-born racial, ethnic, and/or cultural minorities will comprise half of the national population by 2050 [Census Bureau, 2008]. This increased diversity has important implications for understanding intergroup relations, social identity, acculturation, adjustment, and so on. As a result, my research program focuses on social psychological phenomena relating to and stemming from diversity and multiculturalism.

My perspective is based on my primary training in social and personality psychology, which has been supplemented by other frameworks and disciplines, including multicultural psychology, critical race studies, ethnic studies, and sociology. I employ a wide range of methodologies, including implicit methods, focus group interviews, survey studies, field studies, and laboratory experiments in my research, which follows two main lines of inquiry: prejudice + discrimination and culture + identity.


The primary focus of my current research is on prejudice and discrimination, specifically the relationship between such experiences and minority identity and well-being. In particular, I am most interested in understanding the effects of contemporary, subtle forms of prejudice, such as racial microaggressions. I also am interested in the sociocognitive foundations of these phenomena, specifically how attitudes + beliefs that operate outside of conscious control serve as the basis for expressing and interpreting microaggressions in everyday life. I also have an enduring interest in psychological assessment, which is reflected in the variety of measurement tools I have applied to this area of research. As a whole, the goal of this line of research is to elucidate fundamental cognitive, affective, social, and motivational mechanisms that play a role in the identity and mental health of diverse populations, with special attention to thoughts and feelings that operate outside of conscious awareness and control.


My second line of research is at the intersection of intergroup relations and acculturation. Applying a social psychological lens to the framework of acculturation, I aim to understand how people’s behaviors, values, and especially identity change in response to intergroup contact and changing cultural environments. I also am interested in individual differences in responses to and perceptions of changing cultural environments or demands. Do individuals use different acculturation strategies in different contexts, such as work vs. home? How does acculturation proceed in different domains of behavior, such as language use vs. communication styles? What is the process of developing and maintaining a bicultural identity, at both the explicit [conscious, deliberate] and implicit [unconscious, automatic] levels? What are the implications of the acculturation of values vs. behaviors for general functioning, psychological well-being, or performance in school or work settings? Are some people predisposed to perceive conflict between their group identities?

DISCLAIMER: Under the fair use doctrine, these links are provided as a way to distribute copies of published articles to interested parties for personal use. No commercial use may be made of the articles, nor is mass production of the articles permitted, without permission from the publisher. To view these documents, you will need a PDF viewer such as Adobe Reader.

refereed journal articles

Undergraduate student co-authors indicated by *

Graduate student co-authors indicated by **

Huynh, Q.-L., Benet-Martínez, V., & Nguyen, A.-M. D. [forthcoming]. Measuring variations in bicultural identity across US ethnic and generational groups: Development and validation of the Bicultural Identity Integration Scale–Version 2 (BIIS-2). Psychological Assessment.

Huynh, V. W., Huynh, Q.-L., & Stein, M.-P. [2017]. Not just sticks and stones: Indirect ethnic discrimination leads to greater physiological reactivity. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 23, 425-434. doi:10.1037/cdp0000138 [CDEMP2017.pdf]

Juang, L., Moffitt, U., Kim, S. Y., Lee, R. M., Soto, J. A., Hurley, E. A., Blozis, S., Weisskirch, R. S., Castillo, L. G., Huynh, Q.-L., & Whitbourne, S. K. [2016]. Cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression: Links to racial-ethnic discrimination and adjustment among Latino/a and Asian-heritage college students. Journal of Adolescence, 53, 21-33. [JA2016.pdf]

**Kaplan, M., Constantine Brown, J. L., Huynh, Q.-L., Huynh, V. W. [2016]. Exploring the relationship between socioeconomic status and ethnic identity. Journal of Scholastic Inquiry: Education, 6, 34-47. [JOSI2016.pdf]

Cano, M. A., Castro, Y., de Dios, M. A., Schwartz, S. J., Lorenzo-Blanco, E. I., Roncancio, A. M., Sheehan, D. M., Auf, R., Piña-Watson, B., Huynh, Q.-L., & Zamboanga, B. L. [2016]. Associations of ethnic discrimination with symptoms of depression and anxiety among Hispanic emerging adults: A moderated mediation model. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 29, 699-707. doi:10.1080/10615806.2016.1157170 [ASC2016.pdf]

Yap, S. C. Y., Donnellan, M. B., Schwartz, S. J., Zamboanga, B. L., Kim, S. Y., Huynh, Q.-L., Vazsonyi, A. T., Cano, M. A., Hurley, E. A., Whitbourne, S. K., Castillo, L. G., Donovan, R. A., Blozis, S. A., & Brown, E. J. [2015]. Evaluating the invariance of the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure across foreign-born, second-generation and later-generation college students in the United States. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 22, 460-465. doi:10.1037/cdp0000068 [CDEMP2015.pdf]

Castillo, L. G., Cano. M. A., Yoon, M., Jung, E., Brown, E. J., Zamboanga, B. L., Kim, S. Y., Schwartz, S. J., Huynh, Q.-L., Weisskirch, R. S., & Whitbourne, S. K. [2015]. Factor structure and factorial invariance of the Multidimensional Acculturative Stress Inventory. Psychological Assessment, 27, 915-924. doi:10.1037/pas0000095 [PA2015.pdf]

Huynh, Q.-L., Devos, T., & *Altman, H. R. [2015]. Boundaries of American identity: Relations among ethnic group prototypicality and policy attitudes. Political Psychology, 36, 449-468. doi:10.1111/pops.12189 [POPS2014.pdf]

Huynh, Q.-L., Devos, T., & *Goldberg, R. [2014]. The role of ethnic and national identifications in perceived discrimination for Asian Americans: Toward a better understanding of the buffering effect of group identifications on psychological distress. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 5, 161-171. doi:10.1037/a0031601 [AAJP2014.pdf]

Syed, M., Walker, L. H. M., Lee, R. M., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., Zamboanga, B. L., Schwartz, S. J., Armenta, B. E., & Huynh, Q.-L. [2013]. A two-factor model of ethnic identity exploration: Implications for identity coherence and well-being. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 19, 143-154. [CDEMP2013.pdf]

Brittian, A. S., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., Lee, R. M., Zamboanga, B. L., Kim, S. Y., Weisskirch, R. S., Castillo, L. G., Krauss Whitbourne, S., Hurley, E. A., Huynh, Q.-L., Brown, E., & Caraway, S. J. [2013]. The moderating role of centrality on associations between ethnic identity affirmation and ethnic minority college students’ mental health. Journal of American College Health, 61, 133-140. [JACH2013.pdf]

Donovan, R. A., Huynh, Q.-L., Park, I. J. K., Kim, S. K., Lee, R. M., & Robertson, E. [2013]. Relationships among identity, perceived discrimination, and depressive symptoms in eight ethnic-generational groups. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 69, 397-414. doi:10.1002/jclp.21936 [JCLP2013a.pdf]

Schwartz, S. J., Waterman, A. S., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., Lee, R. M., Kim, S. Y., Vazsonyi, A. T., Huynh, Q.-L., Krauss Whitbourne, S., Park, I. J. K., Hudson, M., Zamboanga, B. L., Bersamin, M., & Williams, M. K. [2012]. Acculturation and well-being among college students from immigrant families. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 69, 298-318. [JCLP2013b.pdf]

Soto, J. A., Armenta, B. E., Perez, C. R., Zamboanga, B. L., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., Lee, R. M., Schwartz, S. J., Park, I. J. K., Huynh, Q.-L., Krauss Whitbourne, S., Le, T. N., & Ham, L. S. [2012]. Strength in numbers: Cognitive reappraisal and psychological functioning among Latinos in the context of oppression. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 18, 384-394. [CDEMP2012a.pdf]

Schwartz, S. J., Park, I. J. K., Huynh, Q.-L., Zamboanga, B. L., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., Lee, R. M., Rodriguez, L., Kim, S. Y., Krauss Whitbourne, S., Castillo, L. G., Weisskirch, R. S., Vazsonyi, A. T., Williams, M. K., & Agocha, V. B. [2012]. The American Identity Measure: Development and validation across ethnic group and immigrant generation. Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research, 12, 93-128. [IDENTITY2012.pdf]

Huynh, Q.-L., Devos, T., & **Dunbar, C. M. [2012]. The psychological costs of painless but recurring experiences of discrimination. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 18, 26-34. [CDEMP2012b.pdf]

Huynh, Q.-L., Devos, T., & Smalarz, L. [2011]. Perpetual foreigner in one’s own land: Potential implications for identity and psychological adjustment. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 30, 133-162. [JSCP2011.pdf]

Schwartz, S. J., Weisskirch, R. S., Zamboanga, B. L., Castillo, L. G., Ham, L. S., Huynh, Q.-L., et al. [2011]. Dimensions of acculturation: Associations with health risk behaviors among immigrant college students. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58, 27-41. [JCP2011.pdf]

Huynh, Q.-L., Howell, R. T., & Benet-Martínez, V. [2009]. Reliability of bidimensional acculturation scores: A meta-analysis. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40, 256-274. [JCCP2009.pdf]

Nguyen, A.-M. D., Huynh, Q.-L., & Longeran-Garwick, J. [2007]. The role of acculturation in the mentoring-career satisfaction model for Asian/Pacific Islander American university faculty. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 13, 295-303. [CDEMP2007.pdf]

Nguyen, A.-M. D., & Huynh, Q.-L. [2003]. Vietnamese refugees and their U.S.-born counterparts: Biculturalism, self-determination, and perceived discrimination. Psi Chi Journal of Undergraduate Research, 8, 47-54.


Undergraduate student co-authors indicated by *

Graduate student co-authors indicated by **

Cheng, C.-Y., Lee, F., Benet-Martínez, V., & Huynh, Q.-L. [2014]. Variations in multicultural experience: Influence of Bicultural Identity Integration on socio-cognitive processes and outcomes. In V. Benet-Martínez & Y.-y. Hong [Eds.], Oxford handbook of multicultural identity, pp. 276-299. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199796694.013.025 [OHMI2014.pdf]

**Marcelo, A. K. C., & Huynh, Q.-L. [2014]. Ethnicity. In K. D. Keith [Ed.], Encyclopedia of cross-cultural psychology, pp. 504-505. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. [ECCP2013a.pdf]

Huynh, Q.-L. [2014]. Identity denial. In K. D. Keith [Ed.], Encyclopedia of cross-cultural psychology, pp. 682-684. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. [ECCP2013b.pdf]

**Marcelo, A. K. C., & Huynh, Q.-L. [2014]. Multiculturalism. In K. D. Keith [Ed.], Encyclopedia of cross-cultural psychology, pp. 907-909. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. [ECCP2013c.pdf]

Devos, T., Huynh, Q.-L., & Banaji, M. R. [2012]. Implicit self and identity. In M. R. Leary & J. P. Tagney [Eds.], Handbook of self and identity [2nd ed.], pp. 155-179. New York, NY: Guilford. [HSI2012.pdf]

Huynh, Q.-L., Nguyen, A.-M. D., Benet-Martínez, V. [2011]. Bicultural Identity Integration. In S. Schwartz, K. Luyckx, & V. Vignoles [Eds.], Handbook of identity theory and research, pp. 791-806. New York, NY: Springer. [HITR2011.pdf]

Nguyen, A.-M. D., Huynh, Q.-L., & Benet-Martínez, V. [2009]. Bicultural identities in a diverse world. In J. L. Chin [Ed.], Diversity in mind and in action [Vol. 1], pp. 17-31. Westport, CT: Praeger. [DMA2009.pdf]