Is Male Circumcision Harmful?

Resources used to support "yes"

Circumcision, the surgical procedure of removing the foreskin of the penis, has developed into a current controversial debate. The reasons for circumcision are rooted in the history of Middle Eastern nations and due to the close religious connection between Islam, Judaism, and Christianity it has become very common among the majority of Christian Americans in the United States today. However, due to the growing medical knowledge and public aw areness and curiosity around this topic, many are beginning to question if there are really any medical benefits to this procedure. As a result of the building curiosity research has been conducted and not surprisingly discovered no founded medical reaso ns that indicate the need to circumcise. Also, current literature has indicated that the two major reasons people have continued to circumcise their sons despite the lack of evidence for medical benefits are: (a) tradition/religion (Jews and Muslims) and (b) social conformity.

WWW

Presents flaws that were found within studies that claimed to have found a correlation between urinary tract infection and lack of circumcision.

JOURNAL ARTICLES

This study concludes that "among women who are not in high-risk groups, risk of HIV infection is largely determined by their male partners's behavior and circumcision status."
This study was employed to determine whether circumcision status affects the likelihood of acquiring an STD. The study concludes that circumcision in men has no significant effect.
Estimates the type and amount of tissue missing from the adult circumcised penis by means of histological methods.
Discusses the origin of circumcision, the structure and function of the prepuce. Discusses foreskin restoration and the need to further study the sensory receptors of the male genitalia. It calls for the assessment of psychological implications circumcision bring about.
A study discussing postnatal infant circumcision on boys born in U.S. military hospitals and its association with urinary tract infections. It also focusses on complications.
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