Circumcision has been established as a common practice among many cultures for several centuries. Among the reasons parents give to justify a child's circumcision is due to religious affiliation, traditional practices, hygiene, etc. Infant circumcision in the United States began primarily for social reasons and as an attempt to prevent or cure masturbation, among other medical diseases. Reardless of its origin, however, the decision to circumcise or not to circumcise should be left to the parents. This practice has been supported by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the medical community, but only after weighing its benefits against potential complications.
Lists the religious roots of circumcision in the Jewish community.
In depth analysis of medical findings that support circumcision as a procedure that prevents infection and disease.
Discusses different types of cancer of the penis and its treatments. Emphasizes that this cancer occurs in uncircumcised males with poor personal hygiene.
This study concludes that "among women who are not in high-risk groups, risk of HIV infection is largely determined by their male partners's behavior and circumcision status."
The idea of the article is that circumcision is a healthy procedure, prevents infection and complications are very rare.
Discusses HIV, STD infection among women and factors associated with these diseases, including circumcision status.
Discusses some controversial issues related to neonatal male circumcision and characteristics associated with this procedure.
Describes the incidence of HIV among truck drivers in Kenya and its association with several variables, including country of birth, circumcision status, time driving, education, etc.
Information on the pros and cons of circumcision.
A cross-sectional study to assess STD and HIV prevalence in male correctional institutions.
A study discussing postnatal infant circumcision on boys born in U.S. military hospitals and its association with urinary tract infections. It also focusses on complications.