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Midterm Review:

1.    List the layers of Earth from the inside out.

2.    _____________ proposed the hypothesis of Continental drift?  What were the 4 clues that the hypothesis was based upon?





3.    What is the name of the super continent?  When did its major parts break apart?

4.    Why was the hypothesis of Continental drift initially rejected?

5.    Explain the process of sea-floor spreading:

    a.    where does it occur?

    b.    what evidence is there to prove its existence?

    c.    where are you likely to find the oldest and youngest rocks?

6.    Describe the different mechanisms for plate movements:

    a.    where is the origin of Earth's energy?

    b.    what layer of the Earth moves Earth's plates?

    c.    ridge push (how and what boundary does it move)

    d.    slab pull (how and what boundary does it move)

7.    What is plate Tectonics?

8.    What are the 3 different types of plate borders, their direction of movement, and what typical land forms that they create?




9.    Describe how the great ring of fire supports the theory of plate tectonics.

10.    What is a hot spot?  (Give an example)

11.    What are the different types of tephra?  Classify them according to their size.


12.    What are the three main types of volcanoes?  describe their shape, what type of magma is present, where you might find one, and how explosive they are.




13.    What is the difference between magma and lava?

14.    What are the 3 main types of lava?  Classify each according to silica, viscosity, melting point, and explosiveness.




15.    Name 5 different intrusive igneous structures?






16.    Draw and label the rock cycle.





17.    What are the three main types of rocks?  Classify each by the materials that make them up and how they form.




18.    Draw and describe the carbon cycle (plant, animal, water, fire)





19.    Draw and describe the water cycle. (ocean, ground-water, precipitation, condensation, evaporation, transpiration, runoff)





20.    Draw and describe the Nitrogen cycle. (plant, animal, waste, ammonia, bacteria, nitrate compounds)





21.    Describe the Earth as a system.

22.    Write the formula for pressure and describe what happens to the pressure as

    a.    force is increased

    b.    area is increased

23.    What important function does the ozone provide for us?

24.    Write the formula for density and describe what happens to the density as

    a.    mass is increased

    b.    volume is increased

25.    How do convection currents in the mantle occur?

26.    What is the Coriolis effect?

27.    What is an example of a renewable energy source (give examples)


28.    What is an example of a non-renewable energy source (give examples)


29.    What affect does Earth's spinning core have on the planet?

30.    Define the following: (include the formula)

    a.    frame of reference

    b.    motion

    c.    speed

    d.    acceleration

31.    List the SI units for the following:

    a.    time

    b.    distance

    c.    temp.

    d.    pressure

32.    Define the following:

    a.    wave

    b.    vibration

    c.    crest

    d.    trough

    e.    frequency

    f.    wavelength

    g.    amplitude

33.    Define the following types of waves:

    a.    Transverse

    b.    Longitudinal

34.    Define the following interactions of waves:

    a.    reflection

    b.    refraction

    c.    constructive interference

    d.    destructive interference

35.    Define the following terms associated with magnets:

    a.    magnetic pole

    b.    magnetic domain

    c.    magnetic field

    d.    location of the magnetic poles

36.    What is an ion?

37.    What are the three subatomic particles of an atom? (include mass, charge, and location)




38.    Define the following with regards to atoms.

    a.    cation

    b.    anion

    c.    covalent bond

    d.    ionic bond

39.    What is a mineral?

40.    How can you determine the atomic number, atomic mass, and number of protons and electrons from the periodic table? (draw a picture of an element from the table)



41.    What is the difference of between rotation and revolution?

42.    List conditions caused by the rotation of the Earth.

43.    List conditions caused by the revolution of the Earth.

44.    How does Earth's tilt affect the seasons?

45.    List the date, tilt of the Earth, and Earth's position for the following:

    a.    Vernal equinox

    b.    Autumnal equinox

    c.    winter solstice

    d.    summer solstice

46.    What are the three types of basaltic lava?

47.    What are the 2 main factors that contribute to the explosiveness of volcanoes? 

48.    List 8 ways to determine what a mineral is.  (give a brief description of ea.  EX: hardness, luster, ...)









49.    How is the cooling of magma related to its crystal structure?

50.    What do the terms foliated, stratified, and gneiss all have in common?

51.    What are the three classifications of sedimentary rock? (include how they are formed)




52.    How are the clastic rocks classified?

53.    Define the Universal Law of gravitation.

54.    What are Newton's 1st 2 Laws of Motion.

55.    How did Newton explain the orbit of the moon and planets?


Last modified: October 24, 2003