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Earth Science 3rd Quarter Midterm Review:

1.                  Know the layers of the Earth including the order and composition.


2.                  Know the 3 types of heat transfer and what phases they are present in.


3.                  Know the theory regarding the formation of the solar system including:  process, age, & composition.


4.                  Know Earth’s early history including: pangaea, continental drift, seafloor spreading, and the theory of plate tectonics.


5.                  Know about the different types of plate movements including: direction, mechanism, and forces (stress) present.


6.                  Know the major land structures created by the different types of plate movements.


7.                  Know about Earthquake formation and the methods for measuring them.


8.                  Know the different types of seismic waves including: speed, what they can travel through, where they are generated, and how they are useful to geologists studying the Earth.


9.                  Know where volcanoes form and determine whether they will likely be explosive based on the magma content.


10.              Know other areas in the solar system (planets & moons)  where active igneous activity is currently taking place.


11.              Know about the major types of rocks including: condition and location of formation


12.              Be able to identify the Earth’s major cycles (water, carbon, nitrogen, and energy).


13.              Know about phase changes (water) and how the occur.  (example: solid to liquid: melting as the ice absorbs energy)


14.              Know about Earth’s atmosphere including: order of layers, what occurs in the different layers, and composition of gases.


15.              Be able to identify the equipment used to measure different atmospheric conditions (temperature, pressure, humidity, windspeed…)


16.              Know about the major causes of atmospheric pollution and its affect on the planet.


17.              Know how the density of air masses affects weather.


18.              Know about the different pressure systems associated with weather including: warm front, cold front, occluded front, stationary front, cyclone, and anticyclone.


19.              Know how to identify items found on a weather map including: isobars, isotherms, cloud cover, wind speed & direction, temp, pressure, & precipitation.


20.              Know the conditions surrounding the formation of severe weather.


21.              Know about the different air masses of the northern hemisphere including: area of formation, direction of movement, and amount of moisture contained.


22.              Know how to tell the difference between renewable and nonrenewable energy sources (be able to cite some examples of each).


23.              Know the difference between rotation and revolution of the Earth including: period and major effect on the Earth.


24.              Know how to identify the major seasons of the planet by referencing the angle of insolation (where the sun’s energy is concentrated).


25.              Know about the moon including: theory of formation, major landmarks, cycles, rotation, and revolution.


26.              Know the difference between geocentric and heliocentric models of the solar system and be able to tell who 1st proposed the change in systems.


27.              Know about our sun including: layers, key surface features, life cycle, age, and power source.


28.              Know about the beginning and end of both main sequence and giant stars.


29.              Be able to identify star characteristics including: temperature and luminosity.


30.              Know how spectroscopes are used to determine star characteristics.


31.              Know key distinctions between the inner and outer planets including: group names, composition, key features, and moon/ring systems.


32.              Know the major types of space debris including: where they are located and the shape of their orbits.


33.              Know the different star measurements and how each is determined.


34.              Know about the electromagnetic spectrum including: wave types (in order), frequency & wavelength trends, and photon generation.


35.              Know about the different types of fossils.


36.              Know about the law of superposition including: cross-cutting, inclusions and unconformity.


37.              Know the difference between relative and absolute dating.


     38.        Know what the geologic time scale is including:  the major time divisions (periods, eras, epochs, decades) and examples of them.



Last modified: March 26, 2004