Types of Mountains
1. Classify mountains by their most prominent feature.
2. Compare and contrast folded mountains, volcanic mountains, and fault-block mountains.
folded mountain volcanic mountain fault-block mountain
Mountains throughout the world have formed as a result of pressures (compression, tension, & shear) deep within the lithosphere. The types of pressures present have a great impact on the physical characteristics of the mountain ranges. Mountains are classified into three main categories based on these physical characteristics.
Folded mountains are the product of two inter continental (continent-continent) plate collisions.
Dome mountains are rounded isolated structures that are usually not associated with mountain belts as they occur in generally flat regions. They can be classified into two distinct categories: Plutonic & Tectonic
(Leilani Ahsing - 2003)
Fault block mountains are formed as a result of a combination of tension and uplift forces. The stretching and cracking of the crust gives the mountains their appearance and name.
Horst & Grabens
Horsts and grabens are large blocks of land that have either been uplifted or dropped due to direct plate interaction.
Last modified: March 04, 2003