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Pat Swenson, CSUN - Bless Me, Ultima
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Prof Pat Swenson

Campus Email: pat.swenson@csun.edu

Elements of Fiction

Literary Theory

Myth & Archetype: The Hero's Quest

ProfPat's Main Page

ProfPat's Education Links

Department Information

Department of English

708 Sierra Tower
Phone: 818.677.3431

English Department Website

Liberal Studies Program

EA 100
Phone: 818.677.3300

Liberal Studies Website

Bless Me, Ultima by Rudolfo Anaya - Literary Discussion Guide



Antonio Marez, Ultima, Maria Marez, Gabriel Marez, Andrew, Eugene, Leon Marez Deborah and Theresa, Luna Family, Ultima's Owl

Narciso, Tellez, Tenorio, Trementina Sisters, Lupito, Father Byrnes, Chavez, Rosie

Cico, Jason, Florence, Samuel, Antonio's Friends, Miss Maestas, Golden Carp, Ultima's Teacher


Person-against-self - an internal conflict of feelings.

Person-against-person - the typical protagonist vs. antagonist scenario.

Person-against-society - the protagonist battles against the larger organizations of society
(or a system of beliefs held by society).

Person-against-nature - the protagonist is threatened by a component of nature.


Chicano/a Identity: Ancestral Past vs. Americanization

Family Heritage and Tradition

Good and Evil, Sin and Punishment

Coming of Age (Growth/Maturity/Peer Pressure)

Religion: Catholicism, Curandera Healers, Indigenous Religious Folklore, Atheism

Dreams, Prophecies, Destiny

Spiritual/Mystical Relationship to the Earth

The Golden Carp


Importance of Education

Effects of WWII