Bioart

Alba Flourescent bunny

Alba, the flourescent rabbit who glows in the dark

Artist, Eduardo Kac

 

Eduardo Kac
The rabbit Alba, which was made with the participation of French Agronomical Institute (INRA), is genetically altered using a jellyfish gene that makes him glow in the dark.

 

Bio-art is one of the most recent developments of contemporary art. It takes biotechnologies as a medium. It is also a rather broad term that can refer to any kind of art that has been inspired by biological mechanisms or which makes use of biological concepts. Of the many techniques these artists use are living tissue culture, genetic and morphologic modifications, and biomechanical constructions. Bio art also includes pictorial art based on aspects of nature or medical illustrations, software that turns the genetic code into luminous, scientifically accurate pictures, and robotic sculptures operated by fish.

 

Kac Genesis Project Eduardo Kac's Genesis project enables viewers to create bacteria mutations.

 

Anatomy

Many painters and sculptors studied anatomy by dissection.

 

Kuiper portrait 1619 Portrait of Dr. Sebastian Egbertsz, painted in 1619 by Thomas De Keyser.

 

 

Rembrandt's Anatomy Lesson
The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolas Tulp by Rembrandt van Rijn

 

Rembrandt painting anatomy Rembrandt van Rijn

 

Eakins Pinting Eakins Surgery Painting Painter Thomas Eakins

 

Plastination

Plastination is a technique used in anatomy to conserve bodies or body parts. The water and fat are replaced by certain plastics, yielding specimens that can be touched, do not smell or decay, and even retain most microscopic properties of the original sample.

This unique technique of tissue preservation was developed by Dr. Gunther von Hagens in Heidelberg, Germany in 1978.

The process of plastination proceeds as follows: the sample is soaked in a solvent such as acetone and the sample's water (under freezing conditions) and fat are slowly replaced by the solvent. Then the sample is placed in a bath of liquid plastics, such as silicone rubber, polyester or epoxy resins. When a vacuum is generated, the acetone starts to boil, and the liquid plastic takes its place. It is then cured, either with gas, light or heat. Plastinated Human or animal body or organs are known as Plastin(s) or Plastinate(s).

 

Dr. Gunther Von Hagens Gunther Plastination Plastination and skeleton

 

Plastination posed
Gunther
Plastination body thinker

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nautilus

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