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LINKS of the Philippines or Learni's House of BOOKS?

Big Links / Province Info / Dance

History and Related Subjects /Austronesian Connection / Muslim History / American Occupation / World War II /

Favorite Dialects /Depressing IssuesOther/MiscellaneousMy Brother's Pages


BIG LINKS                                                                                                                            ( BACK UP )
These are links to other links of Filipino pages.
Pinoy Nation  includes pages listed by province and links to news articles.

Philippines: the Best of Cyber Pinoys - Lists good Filipino sites

Tambayan: buong Pilipinas on the Net - information on current information about the Philippines.
HISTORY AND RELATED SUBJECTS                                                                                 ( BACK UP )

American Occupation
    These are sites about the United States occupation of the Philippines in the early half of this century. Many Americans felt
like the United States was going over American moral boundaries when it took over the Philippines (since the Philippines was
on the other side of the world). Many Filipinos believe that America wanted to exploit the Philippines because I think many
people were forced to work in the mines and factories (just as in Spanish times). Also, many people were killed trying to get
the Americans out, whether they were Warays, Tagalogs, Cebuanos, Boholanos, Ilocanos, Bicolanos, Kapampangans, etc.
Every island was trying to kick out the Americans. However, America did establish a workable system of health, education,
and a system of government.

American Occupation links:
Antiimperialism in the United States  Antiimperialism in the United StatesWorld's fair and Exposition
        You can also search a word in the  Search the page

         The Motion Picture Camera Goes to War - reenacted films

        (1899-1902) Philippine American War Centennial

        Philippine culture and history  Philippine culture and history

                       Homepage -  Philippine culture and history Homepage

                       Table of contents -  Philippine culture and history table of contents


World War II                                                                                                                                 ( BACK UP )
        During World War II, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor in December 7, but what most people forget is that on the
same day, December 8 (on the other side) Manila, and other capitals including Vietnam, China, Korea, Indonesia, and
Thailand. The Japanese quickly took over southeast Asia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Korea, Taiwan, and most of Eastern China.
From what I've heard from my relatives, the Japanese were the most ruthless in China, and then in Korea (I don't even want to
think about what happened there). But that doesn't mean things were less worse elsewhere. People were also tortured all over
Asia from Southeast Asia, like Vietnam and the Philippines to the Pacific Islands, like Guam and the Solomon Islands. Meanwhile, the Japanese justified it by claiming that they were doing it for their own good and to create an "Asia for the
Asians" (ulul). Many experiences of WWII survivers characterize them as cruel, cold, and yet awkward at the same time.  Today, many survivors are still waiting for formal apologies from Japan and millions more deal with the pain that their forefathers experienced during World War II.

World War II Links
Americanitos - Life During the Japanese Occupation

Cultural Bridge


Muslim History                                                                                                                             ( BACK UP )
        The Philippines is mostly Muslim. I think it was the last place to be converted to Islam. When the Spanish came, they
settled in the north and converted everyone there. Maybe they took so long that by the time they came to the south it was too
late. Or maybe because the Muslims in the south were stronger willed and had at least some support from other Muslim
countries like Indonesia and Malaysia (only a little I think). The muslims raided the islands up north similar to how African
kingdoms would raid the interior of Africa to get slaves to sell to the Europeans. You can read about the ruthless raids in the
books. Anyways, when the Philippines became a country of its own, the fact that Spain and America never
really took over the Moro lands (lands occuppied by the muslims) came into conflict with the fact that it was now part of the
Philippines.  The Muslim groups continued to disagree with being a part of the Philippines.  I found some links:

Muslim Warriors

Rolly's Vintage View

The Austronesian Connection                                                                                                      (BACK UP)
        Many ethnolinguists believe that the Philippines is actually connected with all the islands from the eastern most Pacific
Island (Easter Island) to the eastern part of Africa (Madagascar) by language. The whole language category is known as the
Austronesian language category. Before English and Spanish spread around the world, Austronesian was the largest language
group in terms of how much land it covered. This was probably because of trade, which was facilitated by easy access by the oceans. Some links:

 Philippine Prehistory

Learn about other Austronesian countries:

WM's Indo Pacific Littorals



Indonesia History


DANCE                                                                                                                                      (BACK UP)
It is hard to describe the music and dance of the Philippines in general because there are different types and tribes and
islands. Mostly, they are influenced by Spanish, Indonesian Muslims, and now by Americans, but that is a different story.

Folkdance cds - store

Dances Page

Noel's Pilipino Folkdance Glossary
ANG MGA KAPATID KO                                                                                                 (BACK UP)
        Here are some favorite pages that I like from the different dialects:

Essays on different ethnic groups in the Philippines


Ilonggo Webring and Ilonggo

Igorots - Ruthie's Internet Corner

Warays -  SIDAY a poem in vernacular Waray dialect

All Ilocano Webring

Ilocano language

Caraganon - Agusan-Surigao Homepage

Visayan and Mindanao Webring

     Visayan and Mindanao table of contents





Ivatan and Batanes 2

PROVINCE INFO                                                                                                               ( BACK UP )

        Here are different sites which make a general discription of each province:
Extensive information about the Philippines , Only in the PhilippinesThe Philippine Regions

    Here are some pictures of the Philippines:
Pictures  , Picture2 , Another Filipino LinksPicture3

DEPRESSING ISSUES IN THE PHILIPPINES                                                                ( BACK UP )
        The Philippines is a relatively new country. It became independent from American rule after World War II. Since then, it
has suffered through corruption and other issues too familiar to other poor countries. It's too sad to think about it sometimes
especially when you live in the United States where everything is so nice. But it's so hard just trying to make ends meet in the
United States. I guess it is just something that all people from poor countries have to accept. What can we do, but pray to

Some problems are:

1. Exploitation of the land and people by foreign corporations.  AFTP pilot and  Action Alerts
Though all third world countries experience the same problems, third world people are hardly united. They are often in competition for employment and this sometimes leads to bloody conflicts between ethnic groups and nationalities around the globe.

2. The fight against squatters. For instance in  Photos of Demolition

3. The brain drain (skilled workers leave the country in search of jobs) is also another similar problem. Overseas Filipinos

4. Another similar problem in the philippines is armed conflict. So far from what I know, there are the Communists, the Islamic
separatist groups, and Indigenous people (who fighting against exploitation of their land). Information about the Muslim groups
can be found in:  MILF  and  ARMM

5. Other problems are prostitution and kidnapping of children for prostitution, but I could not find any links on them. The prostitution game in third world countries has fatal consequences. Sites related are Prostitution  and  Street Children

Government pages  Government pages

Favorite miscellaneous pages are: ( Back up )

Essay on Filipino teenagers  - an interesting study about how Filipinos feel all around the world.

Flip-Hop Online Main Page  - a page about rap in the Philippines.

Pinoy Productions WEBRING  - Young Filipino Americans on the web.

Ay Bastos!

B1 Gang comic book  - a comic book with funny cover pages.

Teenage music

Invisible skratch piklz

Stars of the 70s - Filipino stars in the 70s
Ghost Stories - a page about filipino monsters and things

MAHJONG! MAHJONG MAAAAJONNNG - a game that Filipinos and Chinese like to play.

Books I like about the Philippines and Related subjects:
The Mangyans of Mindoro - I like this book because it is about Mindoro, which is where my dad's side of the family is from. I learned that the history of Mindoro has much to do with Muslims.

Ifugao Law - This is about Ifugao customs even though the book is very old. I've always wondered about Ifugaos since they seem to represent Filipino pride and ancient ways.

Books about Indonesia, Bali,  Java, Borneo, the Mollucas, the Banda Islands (I look for those with pictures) - I like books about Indonesia because Indonesians look so much like Filipinos. Also, Indonesia is a beautiful country whichever island you're on. It's a country so full of tradition, tribes, and the old ways. If I want to look at the Philippines before European influence, I can just look at books or videos about Indonesia. I also am interested in the Mollucas because it is so close to the Philippines and was one of those places so valued by Europeans. The Mollucas is a really famous place mentioned in all history books.

Popular Filipino Tales - Stories are very important becuase they are the only things that are passed down to us from our ancestors.

Books about Magellan sailing around the world - Magellan was very much obsessed with the Philippines. The part I like is where they visit the Philippines and he describes what he sees. I get the feeling that traveling the Pacific Ocean wasn't such a great trip for Magellan, but when he reaches the Philippines, he describes it like he is in heaven or something. He reminds me of that song, "The Impossible Dream."

Filipino Heritage Volumes 1-10 - These books, I should buy for my own reference because they are about distinct Filipino culture and other things, like History. It's not boring because every turn of the page is litterally unpredictable. You never know what subject is going to be next. Some examples are: the evolution of Chavacano, a description of ancient graves found in Marinduque, types of houses built in the Philippines, the sari-sari store, the kundiman, ghost stories, revolutions that took place in Ilocandia or other islands, music instruments, etc.

Filipinos At War - Descriptions in detail of different wars that happened in the Philippines because Filipinos were defending the Philippines from foriegn invaders. It is a book that proves the pride, strength, morals, and courage in Filipinos.

Folk Beliefs in Leyte and Samar - tells about the rituals which accompany fishing and agricultural activities in Leyte and Samar. .

Mandate in Moroland -     Mandate in Moroland tells the history and problems of diplomacy throughout the Sulu Archipelago and the rest of Mindanao. I learned that Mindanao was filled with conflict.
    Mindanao is an interesting place because my mom comes from Digos, which is in the southern part of  Mindanao. It is also filled with Muslim culture, which differs a world away from Filipino culture. My favorite part about Filipino Muslim culture in the Philippines are the instruments and the swords they use. The instruments sound so calming and are so similar to Indonesian sounds. The swords are like symbols of protection rather than fear (I think). I see the Muslims as southern equivalents of the Ifugaos, who had no fear of enemies and died for morals and other courageous deeds.
    However, as I read more, I see the destruction caused by Muslims on the rest of the Philippines during the Spanish period. They were bullies indeed even though they had their own reasons for kidnapping and killing thousands of helpless Filipinos. They have one point of view, and the rest of us have another point of view. However, Filipinos have long forgotten about the raids that used to take place centuries ago.
    The really amazing thing about Christian Filipinos is that they, too, once had Muslim ancestors. However, today, Muslims and Christians in the Philippines cannot seem to get along.

An Archaelogical Picture of a Pre Spahish Cebuano Community by Karl Hutterer (Clavano offset press, cebu city, philippines 1973) - I read it for its content on the inventory and the interpretation of archaeological material into customs and old ways. It was during the American occupation. They accidentally excavated bones during construction.

History of Negros by Angel Martinez Cuesta, OAR. (Manila 1980, historical conservation society) - I've always wondered why the island was called Negros. You can read about it in this book. I read the book, and it is much like a diary, like a year to year type of history.

Tuwaang Attends a Wedding (the second song of the manuvu) by Arsenio Manuel
quezon city 1975, Ateneo de manila university press

Stories and legends from Filipino Folklore by Maria Delia Coronel (Philippines, 1967, Univeristy of santo tomas press) - more stories, but actually interesting because it is separated by region! Each story is marked with a location. It is fun to read.

Historical Atlas of Southeast Asia by Jan pluvier - G2361.s1 HS 1995 - Very detailed information about Southeast Asia.  This atlas might not answer the questions about each southeast asian country, but it does give an exact outline of the kingdoms, the time lines, and other things. I think these are important because it matters where the boundaries and when exactly did they occur. For more detail, you can read those country profile books - white, thick, handbooks for each country. They explain the brief history, like Cambodia's ethnic groups, history, problems, etc.
Not Here, but in Another Place - This is a true story about a highjacking of a train by frustrated Moluccans. It is very interesting to read, and it is not rose colored at all. They describe the complications, which occur as the days drag on in this secluded train.  It has much to do with the Indonesian suppression of minority ethnic groups. It is a complicated matter, you would have to read the book. But it probes into the minds of people, much like a story. However, it is real, which makes it more interesting how the author did it.
Born To Kill - I came across this book because I like reading about ethnic Asian gangs. They seem to be going through social, racial, and family problems that all add up to produce frustration and confusion. In this book, an extra factor is being from a country destroyed by war. Born to Kill is a true story about a Vietnamese gang named after a slogan that American soldiers used to paint on their heads. It follows the life of a Vietnamese boy who leaves Vietnam and moves to America only to meet other Vietnamese people who have different experiences of the war. The interesting thing is that he is not in California, but in New York! I was amazed because I like New York a lot, and not only that, he settled within the China town mega sub city of New York. He finds his way into a gang named Born To Kill, and his life goes hectic. He gets flash backs of Vietnam as gun shots go off and they go raiding different asian businesses. All of them deal with the pain of Vietnamese memmories as they they clash with Chinese gangsters who own the turf and Asian shopkeepers.
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