Click on the letter of the word part you are
interested in, or use the "find on page option" from your browser
to locate specfic terms.
Click here to return to the Anatomy Page.
- abdominopelvic: pertaining to the cavity within the abdomen (below the diphragm) and pelvis.
- absorption: the taking in of substances by cells or membranes (example: nutrients passing from the digestive tract and into the blood, and from the blood into cells).
- anatomy: the branch of science that studies the structure (morphology) of the body parts.
- appendicular: the division of the skeleton that includes the upper and lower limbs.
- assimilation: changing of absorbed substances into chemically different forms (example: taking the amino acids absorbed from your food and using them to build your hair and nails).
- axial: the division of the skeleton that includes the head, neck and trunk.
- circulation: movement of substances from place to place in the body fluids (blood and lymph).
- digestion: breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be absorbed and used (example: breaking complex carbohydrates into monosaccharides); involves hydrolysis.
- excretion: removal of wastes produced by metabolic reactions (example: nitrogenous wastes and carbon dioxide).
- homeostasis: the ability to maintain a stable internal environment despite the changes in the external environment.
- metabolism: the combination of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials.
- negative feedback: a homeostatic mechanism in which a deviation from a set point is corrected (in the opposite or negative direction) and this correction, in turn, reduces the action of the effectors that caused the change (example: body temperature).
- organelle: a specialized structure that performs important functions within the cell (example: mitochondria, ER, lysosome)
- parietal: pertaining to the wall of a cavity.
- pericardial: pertaining to the membranes and spaces around the heart.
- peritoneum: pertaining to the membranes found in the abdominopelvic cavity.
- physiology: the branch of science that studies the function of the body parts.
- pleural: pertaining to the membranes found in the thoracic cavity, covering the lungs.
- reproduction: production of new cells and/or new organisms.
- respiration: cellular process that releases energy from nutrients; also breathing.
- thoracic: pertaining to the cavity of the chest (above the diaphragm).
- visceral: pertaining to the contents of a body cavity.