GEOGRAPHY 409 – Computer Mapping


There are two major goals of this course:  
1. To develop an awareness of the elements of good map design and critique 
2. To develop familiarity with current methods of map animation by computer.

Students are expected to be reasonably familiar with basic mapping knowledge, the computer, and Adobe Illustrator that were covered in Geography 305. 


The texts for this course are Mapping It Out. by Mark Monmonier and Designing Better Maps by Cynthia Brewer.

The lab book is Teach Yourself Flash CS3Professional in 24 Hours by Phillip Kerman. If you want to gain some mastery of Flash you must to go through the chapters in this book as listed under the lecture schedule. At the end of each chapter is a practical assignment that you should work through, though, these will not be graded. The actual graded Flash assignments will be handed out.

You are also encouraged to browse through various other books and atlases from the appended bibliography especially those by Edward Tufte.

Note that you can download a working copy of Flash CS5 from Adobe that will last for a month. Should you wish to work at home you should wait until later in the course to download it and then take advantage of the Kermin book exercises. The student version of the software is relatively expensive to purchase so I don’t recommend you buy it unless you think you want to be working with Flash at home in the future. However, the student price is still much better than buying it once you leave the university. Should you want to purchase it, consider one of the Adobe Creative Suite packages that include Illustrator and Photoshop.

Our lab has an earlier release of Flash that is similar to the current version, though, you will find some differences in the menus.

Exams and Projects:

The (+/-) lecture grade for this course will be based on two examinations and 5% for attendance and participation.
The (+/-) lab grade for this course will be based on your execution of several map projects. 

All assignments are to be completed by the end of the semester - no incompletes.  Your final lab project will be an animated map of your choice. Start thinking of an idea that might interest you for this project. Be ready with your idea by mid semester.

Generally I will be looking for these qualities in your map projects:


1.           Cartography's Transformation                             Monmonier, Ch. 1

LAB:  Census Download

2.            Electronic Maps                                                  Monmonier, Appendix A  

LAB:  Arcmap

3.             Design                                                                Brewer, Ch. 1, 7
Monmonier, Ch 4
Definition, Problems, Solutions, Process, Constraints  

LAB:  Arcmap

4.             Creativity in Map Design                                     Monmonier, pp 76 - 89
Adams,  DeLucia
Creative Problem Solving

LAB:  Illustrator

a. Locate a well-designed map and a poorly designed map.  Try to find one you can bring into class. 
Make a copy of it or a part of it to turn in later.

b.  From the 1970 National Atlas, p 189, Electric Energy Consumption, 1966 
Describe what this map tells us.

5.            How to Lie with Maps, Maps for Propaganda       Monmonier, 
How to Lie with Maps, 2nd ed. Ch. 7
LAB:  Illustrator  (cont.)

6.          Map Critique                                                       Kerman, Introduction, Hour 1

Elements, Types

            LAB:              a. Map discussion
b. Write a critique of your two mapsc  Illustrator  (cont.)

7.           Elements of Maps                                               Brewer, Ch. 2, pp55 - 76
Monmonier, Ch. 3
Kerman, Hour 2 and 3

LAB:  Flash Introduction    
                    Turn in your critique

8.          MIDTERM

9.          Map Symbols                                                        Brewer, Ch. 6
Monmonier, Ch. 2
Kerman, Hour 4, 8, 15
Tufte: The Visual Display 

10.         Thematic Mapping Techniques                             Monmonier, Ch. 6, 7, 8
Kerman, Hour 7 and 12
LAB:   Flash

11.         Animation                                                           Kerman, Hour 9 and 10

          LAB:             Final Project Idea Due***

12.         Animation II                                                        Kerman, Hour 11 and 14

13.         Perception  Basics  ReviewMonmonier, Ch. 4

14.         Perception II

          LAB:   Flash

15.   May. 4        Color on Maps                                                    Brewer, Ch. 4 and 5

          LAB:   Flash

409 Readings

Adams, J.L. Conceptual Blockbusting, W.H. Freeman and Co.

Arnheim, Rudolf. 1976. "The Perception of Maps," American Cartographer, V3, No.,.  pp 5-10.

Bailey, Trevor and Anthony Gatrell. 1995. Interactive Spatial Data Analysis, 
New York, John Wiley and Sons.

Barbier, J. "Thematic Cartography:  Problems Particular to Illustrations," Int. Yrbk. of Cart.

Bond, B. 1984. "Silk Maps, The Story of MI9's Excursion into the World of Cartography 1939-1945,"
Cartographic Journal, V21,  pp 141-144.

Brewer, C. 1994.  "Color-use Guidelines for Mapping and Visualization," 
In A. MacEachren and D.R.F. F. Taylor, eds., Visualization in Modern Cartography, Oxford, 
Elsevier, pp 123-48.

Brewer, C., G. Hatchard, and M. Harrower. 2003.  “ColorBrewer in Print: A Catalog of Color Schemes for Maps,” 
Cartography and Geographic Information Science, V30, No. 1, January. pp 5-32.

Buckley, Aileen. 2003. “Atlas Mapping in the 21st Century,” 
Cartography and Geographic Information Science, V30, No. 2, pp 149-158.

Cartwright, William, Michael P. Peterson, and Georg Gartner (eds.). 1999. Multimedia Cartography, New York, NY, Springer.

Clarke, Keith. 1995. Analytical and Computer Cartography, 2nd ed., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall.

Collier, P., D. Forrest, and A. Pearson. 2003.
“The Representation of Topographic Information on Maps: The Depiction of Relief,” 
Cartographic Journal, V40, No.1, June, pp 17-26.

Collins, B. M. 1993. "Data Visualization--Has It All Been Done Before?" In R.A.E. Watson, ed.,                 
Animation and Scientific Visualization:  Tools and Applications. New York, Academic Press, pp 3-28.

Cromley, Robert. 1992. Digital Cartography, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall.

Cuff, D. 1973. "Colour on Temperature Maps," Cartographic Journal, V10, pp 17-21.

DeLucia, A. 1974.. "Design: The Fundamental Cartographic Process," Proceedings of the AAG, V6, pp 83-87.

Denil, Mark. 2003.  “Cartographic Design: Rhetoric and Persuasion,”
Cartographic Perspectives, No. 45, Spring. pp 8-68.

DiBiase, D., A. MacEachren, J. Krygier, and C. Reeves. 1992.
"Animation and the Role of Map Design in Scientific Visualization," 
              Cartography and Geographic Information Systems, V19, No. 4, pp 265-266.

Dorling, D. and S. Openshaw. 1992. "Using Computer-Animation to Visualize Space-Time Patterns.” 
              Environment and Planning BL Planning and Design, V19, pp 639-650.

Fairbairn, D., Andrienko, G., Andrienko, N., Buziek, G., and Dykes, J. 2001. Representation and its Relationship with                Cartographic VisualizationCartography and Geographic Information Science, vol. 28, No. 1, pp 1-29.

Fitzsimons, D. 1985. "Base Data on Thematic Maps, American Cartographer., vol 12, No. 1, pp 57-61.
Hall, Stephen. 1992. Mapping the Next Millennium: How Computer-driven Cartography Is 
              Revolutionizing the Face of Science, New York, Vintage Books.

Harrower, M. 2003. Designing effective animated maps. (invited techniques article). Cartographic Perspectives, 44,  pp 63-65.
Harrower, M. 2004. A look at the history and future of animated maps. Cartographica, Vol. 39, No.3, pp 33-42. (web supplement)

Hobbs, F. "The Rendering of Relief Images from Digital Contour Data," 
The Cartographic Journal, V32, No 2, pp 111-116.

Imhof, E. 1995. "Tasks and Methods of Theoretical Cartography," Int. Yrbk. of Cart.,

Imhof, E. 1975. "Positioning Names on Maps,” American Cartographer, Vol. 2, No. 2.

Jenks, G. 1953. "Pointillism as a Cartographic Technique," Professional Geographer, V5, 1953.  pp 4-6.

Krygier, J. 1994. Sound and Geographic Visualization. In: MacEachren, A. M., and Fraser Taylor, D. R., (eds.),Visualization in Modern Cartography, vol. 2, Elsevier, New York, NY,  pp 149-166.

Loxton, J.L. 1985. "The Peters Phenomenon," Cartographic Journal, V22, No. 2, pp 106-107.

MacEachren, Alan. 1995. How Maps Work: Representation, Visualization, and Design, 
New York, The Guilford Press.

Makower, Joel (ed.). 1986.  The Map Catalog,  Vintage Books, New York.

McCleary, G. 1970.  "Beyond Simple Psychophysics:  Approaches to Understanding of Map Perception," 
Proceedings of ACSM,pp 188-209.

McMaster, R. and K. Shea. 1992. Generalization in Digital Cartography, Washington, 
Association of American Geographers.

Monmonier, Mark. 1996. How to Lie with Maps, Chicago, Univ. of Chicago Press, 2nd ed.  

Monmonier, Mark. 1990. Strategies of the Visualization of Geographic Time-Series Data
Cartographica, vol. 27, no. 1,  pp 30-45.
Monmonier, Mark.. 1991. "Ethics and Map Design. Six Strategies for Confronting the Traditional One-Map                Solution,"  Cartographic Perspectives, V10, Summer 1991, pp 3-7.

Monmonier, Mark.. 1993. Mapping It Out: Expository Cartography for the Humanities and Social Sciences,
Chicago, Univ. of Chicago Press.

Monmonier, Mark.. 1995. Drawing the Line: Tales of Maps and Cartocontroversy, New York, Henry Holt and Co.,

Morrison, J.L. 1972. "Automation's Effect on the Philosophy of Thematic Cartography," Proceedings of ACSM  .

Morrison, J.L. 1993. "Cartography and the Spatially Literate Populace of the 21st Century,
Cartography and Geographic Information Systems, V20, No. 4, pp 204-209.

Olson, J. 1985. "Component Color and Final Color Separation Mapping," 
Cartographica, V22, No. 3, pp 61-69.

Olsen, J. and C. A. Brewer. 1997.
“An Evaluation of Color Selections to Accommodate Map Users with Color Vision Impairments,” 
Annals of the Association of American Geographers, V87, No.1, pp 103-134.

Ommer, Rosemary and Clifford Wood. 1985.  "Data, Concept, and Translation to Graphics,"
Cartographica, V22, pp 44-62.

Patterson, Tom. 2002.  “Getting Real: Reflecting on the New Look of National Park Service Maps,”
Cartographic Perspectives, No. 43, Fall, pp 43-56.

Petchenik, B. 1974. "A Verbal Approach to Characterizing the Look of Maps," 
American Cartographer, V1, No. 1,  pp 63-71.

Peterson, M P. 1995. Interactive and Animated Cartography, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall.

Peterson, M. P. 2003. Maps and the Internet, Amsterdam, Elsevier Science.

Rowell, Jonathan and Simon Ungar.. 2003.
“The World of Touch: Results of an International Survey of Tactile Maps and Symbols,
              Cartographic Journal, V40, No.3, Dec. pp 259-263.

Southworth, M. and S. Southworth. 1982. Maps, N.Y. Graphics Society.

Su, B. and Z. Li.. 1995. "Expert System for Automated Map Design and Production: 
A Review and Some Considerations," Cartography, V24, No1,  pp 33-42.

Thompson, M. M. 1981. Maps for America, 2nd ed., Washington, U.S. Geological Survey.

Tufte, Edward R. 1983. The Visual Display of Quantitative Information, Chesire, CT, Graphics Press.

Tufte, Edward R. 1990. Envisioning Information, Cheshire, CT, Graphics Press.

Tufte, E. 1997. Visual Explanations : Images and Quantities, Evidence and Narrative, Chesire, CT.,Graphics Press.

Vujakovic, Peter. 2003. “Damn or Be Damned: Arno Peters and the Struggle for the ‘New Cartography’,”
              Cartographic Journal, V40, No. 1, Jun,  pp 61-67.

Weir, T.R. 1985. "Problems Associated with the Production of Atlases," 
Bulletin of the Geography and Map Division, S.L.A., No. 142, pp 26-29.

Wood, Denis. 2003.  “Cartography is Dead (Thank God!),” Cartographic Perspectives, No. 45, Spring, pp 4-7.

Wood, Denis. 1992. The Power of Maps, New York, The Guilford Press.

Woodward, David. ed. 1987. Art and Cartography: Six Historical Essays, Chicago, Univ. of Chicago Press.