Volume 19, No. 1 Fall, 1998

Back to Other Newsletters

In This Issue:
History of Cartography Project Completes Next Installment
Technology, Change, and Cartography: Notes from Chair Scott Freundschuh
Notification to Update Email Addresses with AAG
NACIS Website Info
Call for Nominations, 1999-2000
American Friends of the Harley Fellowships Campaign Information
American Historical Association Meeting Plans Cartography Panel
Web-Based Geographic Education: Distance Learning Programs Ready to Launch
Twelfth Annual Honors Competition for Student Papers
USGS Restructures Prices for Digital Map Products
Master's Thesis Research Grants
List of Officers
CSG Newsletter Deadlines/Website/Address Change Info

History of Cartography Project Completes Next Installment

of Volume Two, Book Three

     The History of Cartography Project is pleased to announce completion of Volume Two, Book
Three, Cartography in the Traditional African, American, Arctic, Austrailian, and Pacific Societies,
edited by David Woodward and G. Malcolm Lewis.
     This final installment of Volume Two concludes the treatment of traditional mapping practices in
non-Western societies. Major themes include the overwhelming prominence of cosmological
subject matter in the cartographic record, the emphasis on the ritualistic uses and often ephemeral
nature of cartographic materials in these societies, and the fusion of time and space in the world
views and maps of many of these societies.
     The primacy of the center and the circle as geometric concepts that order these mapping
traditions, the practice of using maps to represent both the spatial layout of the landscape and the
important cultural events that have occurred there, and the participatory nature of all cultural
representation that intimately ties the practice of mapping to the human lifeworld are also
continuing themes.
     In keeping with the scholarship presented in Volume Two, Books One and Two, this book
examines mapping traditions founded on different principles than the cartographic practices of
Europe ÷ traditions that are only comprehensible when situated within the cultural contexts that
have called them into existence and shaped their development. The volume will be available from
the University of Chicago Press in November.

To order books, please contact:
The University of Chicago Press
11030 South Langley Avenue
Chicago, IL 60628

Phone: 773-568-1550, 800-621-2736
Fax: 773-660-2235, 800-621-8476
Email: marketing@press.uchicago.edu

Thanks to Beth Freundlich, Project Administrator for the History of Cartography Project
for forwarding this information.

Technology, Change, and Cartography

Notes from Chair Scott Freundschuh
Hello CSG Members. It's mid- Sep-tember, and the leaves are beginning to turn in Northern
Minnesota. Duluth is filled with tourists on the weekends who are making a last ditch effort to enjoy
the outdoors before Winter sets in here.
     The changing leaves mark the transition from empty hallways here to classrooms bursting at
the seams with students wanting to learn about cartography and GIS. There is a lot of interest, at
least on this campus, in learning about these spatial technologies. Students have discovered that
employers are interested in employees who know how to produce maps, who can apply GIS, and
who understand spatial data and how to use it.
     Our task, as I see it, is to produce" students who understand geography and can use these
spatial tools to explore geographic problems and questions, and to solve spatial problems.
     What is interesting to me is how rapidly the technologies have evolved. Ten years ago, email
was in it's infancy stage (we called it bitnet), most cartography courses led to a production course,
there were no cheap, off-the-shelf GIS systems, and the web was that stuff in the corner of your
Today, most cartography is digital, advanced cartography courses include lecture and lab
projects in Web authoring, animation, and multimedia, and the learning curve for GIS software is
flattening out drastically.
     This (probably) is not "news" to those of you reading this, but it is sobering for me to realize
that these changes have occurred in the short time span of my first job in 1990, and my current job
8 years later.
Cramptonâs Column
     In the Spring CSG Newsletter, Jeremy Crampton wrote a column on the rapid change in tools
available for using spatial data. The thrust of his column was to cause the members of the
specialty group to consider the impact of technological changes in the discipline, and to reflect on
the name of the specialty group.
     Jeremy pointed out that "most of the people using maps do not call themselves
cartographers"...and that "the term cartography is suffering a decline at the very height of interest
in mapping". The implication then is that the term "cartography" is no longer sufficient to describe
what "we" do.
     It is important for the specialty group to consider who we are and what we do, and to begin a
serious discussion about the Specialty Group's name. Jeremy has suggested that our current
name, Cartography Specialty Group, fails to capture and describe what we do. What is it, then, that
we do?
What do we do?
     "Cartography is about representation" (MacEachren, How Maps Work, p. 1). We design, create,
teach about, produce, invent, research, and use spatial products (e.g., maps, map animations,
multimedia maps, images, etc.) that communicate/convey something useful about a spatial context/
phenomena. The goal is to enable the user to gain a better understanding of the context/
phenomena they are exploring; from experiencing a fly-over of a 2.5D representation of a
mountain range, to viewing a map animation illustrating change in patterns of agriculture from
1940-1950, to using a
choropleth map to show variations in population density of Africa in 1998.
     The word "visualization" has become the catchword used to describe what we do. From an
excerpt of Jeremy's column:

Why "visualization?"  Isn't cartography already about visualization? Visualization is at
the heart of cartography in the sense of "making visible". Visualization also incorporates
the ability to interact with the representation in real time, in the sense of altering the map
display to respond to questions (e.g., rotating the representation, adding or subtracting
data layers). But it does not stop with these quantitative changes, for visualization
also allows different kinds of ways of thinking about spatial data. Indeed visualization is
first and foremost an act of cognition.

Continue the discussion
     The following name has been put forward (by Jeremy) as a suggested change to consider:
Cartography and Visualization Specialty Group. This name seems to capture what we do by
broadening our group's focus to include current thinking and trends in cartography without
excluding current interests.
     There are other possibilities for names such as Cartography and Geographic Visualization
Specialty Group or Cartography, Representation and Visualization Specialty Group. These are
merely suggestions intended to spur discussion.
     The purpose of my bringing this discussion to the forefront again in this newsletter is that it is
healthy for the specialty group to:
· Reflect upon the mission of the group;
· Consider where the discipline is going (both theoretically and pedagogically); and;
· Insure that the group remains contemporary with regard to changes in the discipline;
· Give us something to argue about over a beer ;-).
     Between now and the AAG, we should discuss via email, at conferences, on the phone, etc. a
possible name change for the specialty group.    Should we keep the current name? If not, what
should the new name be?
     If you are inclined, you can send your thoughts and comments to me via email, and I will post a
summary of responses to the members of the specialty group via email and the Winter Newsletter.

Warmest Regards,
Scott Freundschuh, Chair
Associate Professor

Geographic Information Systems and  Cartographic Analysis Laboratory, Department of
University of Minnesota
Duluth, Minnesota 55812
(218) 726-6226, Fax: (218) 726-6386


 If not, please be sure to notify the AAG right away (within two weeks of
receipt of this newsletter).
   Send your updated address to: <kklug@aag.org
and you will receive the next electronic edition of the CSG newsletter.
     We would like to have to update our email addresses no more than twice
a year. Your cooperation is greatly appreciated!


The North American Cartographic Information Society maintains a website
which carries details of the October 7-10, 1998 meeting in Milwaukee,
Wisconsin. Check out http://www.nacis.org. The site contains a special NACIS
and Milwaukee-related news page, including satellite imagery of the conference hotel!


The 1999-2000 Cartography Specialty Group Nominations Committee
requests suggested nominees for the following offices up for election:

Vice Chair (1999-2000)
Academic Director (1999-2001)
Non-Academic Director (1999-2001)
Student Director (1999-2000)

Continuing  officers for the coming year include Scott Freundschuh who
will be Past Chair (1999-2000), Ann Goulette who continues as Secretary/
Treasurer (1998-2000), Elisabeth Nelson, Academic Director (1998-2000)
and Charles Rader, who will move up to Chair (1999-2000).

Please contact Ute Dymon by November 15, 1998 to suggest possible candidates:
Ute J. Dymon (CSG Nominations Chair)
Department of Geography, Kent State University
Kent, OH 44242-0001
330-672-3226, Fax 330-672-4304


Over $2,000 Raised So Far, Campaign Ends December 31, 1998

  I am writing to invite you to take part in a concerted effort to help researchers in map history have
access to the great map collections of the London area. The J. B. Harley Research Fellowships Trust has
already supported twelve research fellows (young graduates and established researchers, from seven
countries). The Trust is now firmly established internationally. Demand and the quality of applicants are
increasing annually. This effort helps us all in the long term. Young researchers doing work in the major
libraries are crucial for the future health of the field of the history of cartography.
     The American Friends of the J. B. Harley Research Fellowships, Inc., enables U.S. taxpayers to make tax-
deductible donations in support of the Harley Trust. I am anxious that this first major campaign of the
American Friends will demonstrate our commitment to this worthwhile cause. ANY AMOUNT WILL BE MOST
GRATEFULLY RECEIVED. Those offering $100 and over are acknowledged (unless anonymity is requested) in
the Trustâs Annual Report as Associates; those giving $250 or more are Members; $500 and over become
Patrons; and those donating $1,000 and over are named as Founders. This special campaign will end on 31
December 1998.
     As an added incentive to this special effort, we are delighted to announce that Art and Jan Holzheimer
will match gifts to a total of $5,000 to make this a worthy American contribution. A form is provided for
your convenience.

Cordially yours, and thanks for your help,
David Woodward
President and Treasurer

American Friends of the J.B. Harley Research Fellowships
1443 Mound Street
Madison, WI 53711-2221

_ Associate ($100)     _ Member ($250)    _Patron ($500)    _ Founder ($1000)    _Other $________

Checks should be made payable to "Harley Fellowships"

Name (as you prefer the gift to be acknowledged):


City, State, Zip

_ Check here if you prefer to remain anonymous.

American Historical Association Meeting Plans Cartography Panel

     Evelyn Edson, Professor of History at Piedmont Virginia Community College is planning to put
together a panel at an upcoming AHA meeting to, as she phrased it, "educate the rest of the
academic profession on topics in the history of cartography."
     The AHA meets in Chicago from January 6 - 9, 2000. Interested participants should contact
Edson, and send a brief description of the topic you have in mind. Scholars from disciplines other
than history do not have to be members of the AHA to participate. The conference theme is
"History for the Twenty-First Century: Continuity and Change." Papers on "historiography,
interpretation, methodology, and perspective" which address broad issues in the field are
     Be sure to visit the AHAâs website: http://chnm.gmu.edu/aha. Click on "Annual Meeting."
Contact information:

Evelyn Edson
Professor of History
Piedmont Virginia Comm. College
501 College Drive
Charlottesville, VA 22902


Distance Learning Formats Ready to Launch
   "Is it possible to have nutritious, good food delivered to your home?" This was the question
posed by David DiBiase, as he contemplated an analogy for distance education. Both Dr. DiBiase
and Penn State answer with a qualified "yes." Dr. DiBiase serves as a senior lecturer in Penn
Stateâs Department of Geography and is director of its George F. Deasy GeoGraphics Laboratory.
His specialties include teaching geographic information literacy and designing educational
resources for digital and print media.
He is also Faculty Coordinator for Penn Stateâs World Campus Certificate Program in GIS.
     The web-based program is tentatively scheduled to start in January. The program consists of
four ten-week courses. The first course begins with an introduction to the fundamental concepts of
geographic information science. The second and third courses demonstrate how those concepts
are implemented in geographic information systems. In the fourth course, participants will have the
opportunity to embark on a simulated internship experience and use fully functional GIS software
to solve a real-world environmental  problem.
     The course is designed for professionals who already use GIS but never had a formal course in
it. Dr. DiBiase believes that while there is no substitute for resident education, it is possible to
provide quality education to people who are willing to work one or two nights a week.
     "They have jobs and families, and it is impossible to go back to school," said Dr. DiBiase.
"Technology is at a stage right now where distance learning is possible." The explosion in the use
of GIS sets the stage for a program such as Penn Stateâs.
     There are other programs soon to be available over the web, as well. Most notably is the Master
of Science in Geographical Information Science program offered by Birkbeck Collegeâs
Department of Geography.
     Are distance education programs a threat to resident education? It is difficult to foresee a
negative impact from the ability to disseminate quality education  to a diffuse and diverse
For more information on the Penn State and Birkbeck programs, visit their websites:

Twelfth Annual Honors Competition for Student Papers

     The Cartography Specialty Group of the Association of American
Geographers is pleased to announce the 1998-99 Honors Competition for
Student Papers on cartographic topics to be presented at the Annual
Meeting of the AAG in Honolulu, Hawaii, March 23-March 27, 1999.

Rules for Submission
&middot; Papers must be based upon original work relevant to the field of
cartography and current cartographic research.
&middot; Papers must be based upon work done as an undergraduate or
graduate student, and the research must have been completed within
the past academic year.
&middot; Topics are not restricted to work derived from theses or
&middot; Papers must be written entirely by the applicant.
&middot; Applications must submit the usual short abstract and appropriate
program participation fee as required by the AAG, as well as the AAG
applicaton form, to the CSG.
&middot; Students who are selected as finalists will be placed in a special
session at the national meeting.

The competition is open to students at all academic levels.

&middot; A $500 prize will be awarded to the first place paper.
&middot; A $250 prize will be awarded to the second place paper.
&middot; Additionally, the registration fee for the Annual Meeting will be
covered for up to five entrants.

Judging will take into account the academic level of the entrants. Both
the written and the oral version of the papers will be judged by a
committee including the current Academic and Student Directors of the
Cartography Specialty Group.

Guidelines for Papers
Guidelines for papers may be obtained from the Academic or Student
Directors of the CSG. (See listing on Page 2 of this newsletter.)

Submission of Abstracts and Papers
Abstracts should be submitted in both paper and digital format following
the guidelines of the AAG (see the May issue of the AAG Newsletter for
detailed instructions). Abstracts were due September 4, 1998. Posters
and Illustrated Papers are due October 4, 1998. All submissions should be
sent to:
Jeremy Crampton
Department of Geography
George Mason University
Fairfax, VA 22030

USGS Restructures Prices for Digital Map Products

The USGS has revised prices for some digital cartographic data sets. Known as US GeoData, these
data sets include digital elevation models (DEM), digital line graphs (DLG), digital raster graphics
(DRG), land use and land cover data (LULC), geographic names information system data (GNIS),
and black-and-white and color-infrared digital orthophoto quarter quadrangles (DOQQ).
     Prices for these products were last revised more than 10 years ago. Prices have been adjusted
to accurately reflect and ensure recovery of the costs associated with their reproduction and
distribution, and are directly proportional to file size. These changes are consistent with guidance
contained in the Office of Management and Budget Circular A-130 which permits government
agencies to recover only reproduction and distribution costs from the sale of its products.
     Revised prices for the US GeoData products  are shown in the table below. These prices will
become effective on October 1, 1998.
     After October 1, the DRB data sets will only be available for purchase as individual 7.5 minute
quadrangles priced at $1.00 each. A 1-degree block set will no longer be offered as the standard
distribution format. However, 1-degree blocks of DRGâs may still be purchased under the new price
structure as a composite of sixty-four 7.5 minute files, two 1:100,000-scale files, and one 1:250,000-
scale file at a cost of $112. A $3.50 handling fee applies to each order.
     All US GeoData product orders received by or postmarked before October 1, 1998, will be
subject to the current price structure. All US GeoData product orders received after October 1,
1998, will be priced according to the new structure. Customers who place orders between
September 14 and October 1, 1998, will be allowed a grace period, ending October 31, 1998, to
change their orders. The grace period is not available on customer orders placed before
September 14, 1998.
     As the nationâs largest water, earth and biological science and civilian mapping agency the
USGS works in cooperation with more than 2,000 organizations across the country to provide
reliable, impartial scientific information to resource managers, planners, and other customers. This
information is gathered in every state by USGS scientists to minimize the loss of life and property
from natural disasters, contribute to sound economic and physical development of the nationâs
natural resources, and enhance the quality of life by monitoring water, biological, energy, and
mineral resources.

Barron Bradford, USGS
Off. of Data & Information Delivery
508 National Center
Reston, VA 20192


Product Price/File Base Charge (Media) Base Charge (ftp)
DEM $1.00 $45.00 $30.00
DLG $1.00 $45.00 $30.00
DRG $1.00 $45.00 $30.00
LULC $1.00 $45.00 $30.00
GNIS $1.00 $45.00 $30.00
DOQQ (B/W) $7.50 $45.00 $30.00
DOQQ (Color) $15.00 $45.00 $30.00

Masterâs Thesis Research Grant

Announcement of 1998-99 Award Applications

    The Cartography Specialty Group of the Association of American
Geographers is pleased to announce the 1998-1999 Masterâs Thesis
Research Grants. These grants are available to masters students
working on cartographic research and who are enrolled in a geography
degree program. Grants are available up to a maximum of $300 and may be
used for items necessary and relevant to research such as travel,
materials, equipment, and human subject fees. Deadlines for applications
are November 1st, March 15th, and June 15th.

Fundable Research
&middot; Fundable research must be cartographic in nature.
&middot; Cartography must be the central focus of the research, and not
merely a tool used in support of some other research.

Review of Proposals
&middot; Research proposals will be judged based upon (1) their originality, (2)
their research design or plan of work, and (3) their budget and its
&middot; Proposals are reviewed in a non-blind process by a committee of three
people selected by the Non-Academic Director in consultation with the
CSG Chair.

Date of Awards
Awards will be made two months after the review date for which the
proposal was submitted.

Application Form Required for Submission
An application form may be obtained from the Non-Academic Director. Fill
the form out completely. Note that the applicant and the advisor are
jointly responsible for the accuracy and validity of all information on
the application. Be sure to complete the budget and justification on the
back of the application form. List the requested items from highest to
lowest priority and include price quotations for these items. Below,
provide a brief justification of why the items you are requesting are
necessary to your thesis. Final-ly, state whether you will accept partial
funding should the entire amount requested not be  granted.

Description of the Research Plan
A description of your research plan is also required. Place your name and
the title of your thesis at the top of the first page. State the research
objectives and the specific aims of the research. Describe concisely the
methods for achieving these goals. The research plan should not exceed
three pages. Please note that human subject clearance must be obtained
before grant money can be awarded, if the research involves human

All applications must be typewritten or completed on a word processor.
Incomplete applications will not be considered. Applications must be
received by the deadline in order to be considered for funding. Submit the
original signed application form and research plan, along with two
copies, to:

Anna Williams
CSG Non-Academic Director
4705 Eddystone Street
Annandale, VA  22003


Oct. 7-10 - North American Cartographic Information Society Annual Meeting.
Milwaukee, WI. 800-558-8993, www.nacis.org. Email: cmb@uwm.edu.

Nov. 10-12 - GIS/LIS 98 Annual Conference and Exposition. Fort Worth, Texas.
Contact: GIS/LIS 98 Registrar, ACSM, 5410 Grosvenor Ln, Ste 100,
Bethesda, MD 20814. 301-493-0200.

Feb. 11-13 - European Division, Sixth Annual IMTA Conference & Trade Show,
Stakis Brighton Metropole Hotel, Brighton, England. For information:
Sue Cranidge, Office Manager, European Division IMTA, 5 Spinacre, Becton
Lane, Barton on Sea, Hants BH25 7DF England; phone/fax 44 01425
620532; email: imtaeurope@ compuserve.com

Mar. 13-18 - American Congress on Surveying and Mapping Annual Convention
and Auto-Carto 15, Portland, Oregon. Contact: ACSM at 301-493-0200,

Mar. 23-27 - Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting, Honolulu,
Hawaii. Contact: AAG, 1710 16th St. NW, Washington, DC 20009-3198. 202-
234-1450, www.aag.org

May 3-6 - International Intergraph Graphic User Group (IGUG) Conference,
Huntsville, Alabama. Contact: IGUG, 115 River Road, Suite 621,
Edgewater, NJ 07020. 800-955-4484, 74441.744@compuserve.com

Jun. 3-6 - Australian Book Fair, Sydney, Australia. For info: IMTA Australia &
New Zealand; P.O. Box 2660, Logan city, Qld. 4114 Australia. Phone: 61 2
6201 4310; intaanz@

Aug. 14-21 - 19th International Cartographic Association General Assembly
and Conference, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Contact: ICA Ottawa 1999, 615
Booth St., room 500, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0E9 Canada. 613-996-2817,
www.ccrs.nrcan.gc.ca/ica1999/; sdi98@ccrs.nrcan.gc.ca

Jul. 11-19 - 18th International Conference on the History of Cartography,
Athens, Greece. Contact: Dr. George Tolias,  48 Vassileos Konstantinou
Avenue, GR-116 35 Athens, +301 721 0554, or Tony Campbell at

Sep. 24-27: International Map Trade Assoc. 19th Conference & Trade Show,
Ottawa Conference Centre, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. For info:
Linda Mickle, IMTA. 815-939-4627.
Email: imta@maptrade.org.

Apr. 4-8 - AAG Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, Penna., www.aag.org.


Chair (1998-1999)
Scott Freundschuh
Department of Geography
University of Minnesota
Duluth, MN  55812
P: 218-726-6226
F: 218-726-6386
E: sfreunds@d.umn.edu

Vice Chair (1998-99)
Charles Rader
Department of Geography
University of Wisconsin - River Falls
410 South 3rd Street
River Falls, WI 54022-5001
P: 715-425-3264
F: 715-425-0643
E: charles.p.rader@uwrf.edu

Secretary/Treasurer (1998-2000)
Ann Goulette
Booz Allen & Hamilton
8283 Greensboro Drive
McLean, VA 22105
P: 703-902-5152
F: 703-902-7171
E: goulette_ann@bah.com

Academic Director (1997-1999)
Jeremy Crampton
Department of Geography
George Mason University
Fairfax, VA 22030
P: 703-993-1217
F: 703-993-1216
E: jcrampto@gmu.edu

Academic Director (1998-2000)
Elisabeth Nelson
Department of Geography
San Diego State University
San Diego, CA 92182
P: 619-594-8560
F: 619-594-4938
E: nelson16@mail.sdsu.edu

Non-Academic Director (1997-1999)
Anna Williams
4705 Eddystone Street
Annandale, VA 22003
P: 703-758-6322
E: anna.williams@gdesystems.com

Student Director (1998-1999)
Frank Boscoe
P.O. Box 653
State College, PA 16804
P: 814-865-6421
E: fpb100@psu.edu

Past Chair (1998-1999)
Ute Dymon
205 Overlook Drive
Kent, OH 44240
P: 330-673-4789
E: udymon@kent.edu

Newsletter Editor
Barbara Kinne
2223 Marengo Road
Warriors Mark, PA  16877
P: 814-692-5339
E: bbkinne@csrlink.net


Submission of articles for the CSG newsletter should follow this
  Submit by:
Fall Issue August 15
Winter Issue December 1
Spring Issue April 15

Snail mail articles to Barbara Kinne, 2223 Marengo Road, Warriors Mark,
PA 16877, or email to bbkinne@csrlink.net.


The CSG receives its mailing labels from AAG Headquarters. Changes or
corrections to the mailing list should be sent to:
1710 Sixteenth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20009-3198