Volume 19, No. 1 Fall, 1998
to Other Newsletters
In This Issue:
History of Cartography
Project Completes Next Installment
of Volume Two, Book Three
The History of Cartography Project is pleased
to announce completion of Volume Two, Book
Three, Cartography in the Traditional African, American, Arctic, Austrailian,
and Pacific Societies,
edited by David Woodward and G. Malcolm Lewis.
This final installment of Volume Two concludes
the treatment of traditional mapping practices in
non-Western societies. Major themes include the overwhelming prominence
subject matter in the cartographic record, the emphasis on the ritualistic
uses and often ephemeral
nature of cartographic materials in these societies, and the fusion
of time and space in the world
views and maps of many of these societies.
The primacy of the center and the circle as
geometric concepts that order these mapping
traditions, the practice of using maps to represent both the spatial
layout of the landscape and the
important cultural events that have occurred there, and the participatory
nature of all cultural
representation that intimately ties the practice of mapping to the
human lifeworld are also
In keeping with the scholarship presented
in Volume Two, Books One and Two, this book
examines mapping traditions founded on different principles than the
cartographic practices of
Europe ÷ traditions that are only comprehensible when situated
within the cultural contexts that
have called them into existence and shaped their development. The volume
will be available from
the University of Chicago Press in November.
To order books, please contact:
The University of Chicago Press
11030 South Langley Avenue
Chicago, IL 60628
Phone: 773-568-1550, 800-621-2736
Fax: 773-660-2235, 800-621-8476
Thanks to Beth Freundlich, Project Administrator for the History
of Cartography Project
for forwarding this information.
Technology, Change, and Cartography
Notes from Chair Scott Freundschuh
Hello CSG Members. It's mid- Sep-tember, and the leaves are beginning to
turn in Northern
Minnesota. Duluth is filled with tourists on the weekends who are making
a last ditch effort to enjoy
the outdoors before Winter sets in here.
The changing leaves mark the transition from
empty hallways here to classrooms bursting at
the seams with students wanting to learn about cartography and GIS.
There is a lot of interest, at
least on this campus, in learning about these spatial technologies.
Students have discovered that
employers are interested in employees who know how to produce maps,
who can apply GIS, and
who understand spatial data and how to use it.
Our task, as I see it, is to produce" students
who understand geography and can use these
spatial tools to explore geographic problems and questions, and to
solve spatial problems.
What is interesting to me is how rapidly the
technologies have evolved. Ten years ago, email
was in it's infancy stage (we called it bitnet), most cartography courses
led to a production course,
there were no cheap, off-the-shelf GIS systems, and the web was that
stuff in the corner of your
Today, most cartography is digital, advanced cartography courses include
lecture and lab
projects in Web authoring, animation, and multimedia, and the learning
curve for GIS software is
flattening out drastically.
This (probably) is not "news" to those of
you reading this, but it is sobering for me to realize
that these changes have occurred in the short time span of my first
job in 1990, and my current job
8 years later.
In the Spring CSG Newsletter, Jeremy Crampton
wrote a column on the rapid change in tools
available for using spatial data. The thrust of his column was to cause
the members of the
specialty group to consider the impact of technological changes in
the discipline, and to reflect on
the name of the specialty group.
Jeremy pointed out that "most of the people
using maps do not call themselves
cartographers"...and that "the term cartography is suffering a decline
at the very height of interest
in mapping". The implication then is that the term "cartography" is
no longer sufficient to describe
what "we" do.
It is important for the specialty group to
consider who we are and what we do, and to begin a
serious discussion about the Specialty Group's name. Jeremy has suggested
that our current
name, Cartography Specialty Group, fails to capture and describe what
we do. What is it, then, that
What do we do?
"Cartography is about representation" (MacEachren,
How Maps Work, p. 1). We design, create,
teach about, produce, invent, research, and use spatial products (e.g.,
maps, map animations,
multimedia maps, images, etc.) that communicate/convey something useful
about a spatial context/
phenomena. The goal is to enable the user to gain a better understanding
of the context/
phenomena they are exploring; from experiencing a fly-over of a 2.5D
representation of a
mountain range, to viewing a map animation illustrating change in patterns
of agriculture from
1940-1950, to using a
choropleth map to show variations in population density of Africa in
The word "visualization" has become the catchword
used to describe what we do. From an
excerpt of Jeremy's column:
Why "visualization?" Isn't cartography already about visualization?
Visualization is at
the heart of cartography in the sense of "making visible". Visualization
the ability to interact with the representation in real time, in
the sense of altering the map
display to respond to questions (e.g., rotating the representation,
adding or subtracting
data layers). But it does not stop with these quantitative changes,
also allows different kinds of ways of thinking about spatial data.
Indeed visualization is
first and foremost an act of cognition.
Continue the discussion
The following name has been put forward (by
Jeremy) as a suggested change to consider:
Cartography and Visualization Specialty Group. This name seems to capture
what we do by
broadening our group's focus to include current thinking and trends
in cartography without
excluding current interests.
There are other possibilities for names such
as Cartography and Geographic Visualization
Specialty Group or Cartography, Representation and Visualization Specialty
Group. These are
merely suggestions intended to spur discussion.
The purpose of my bringing this discussion
to the forefront again in this newsletter is that it is
healthy for the specialty group to:
· Reflect upon the mission of the group;
· Consider where the discipline is going (both theoretically
and pedagogically); and;
· Insure that the group remains contemporary with regard
to changes in the discipline;
· Give us something to argue about over a beer ;-).
Between now and the AAG, we should discuss
via email, at conferences, on the phone, etc. a
possible name change for the specialty group. Should
we keep the current name? If not, what
should the new name be?
If you are inclined, you can send your thoughts
and comments to me via email, and I will post a
summary of responses to the members of the specialty group via email
and the Winter Newsletter.
Scott Freundschuh, Chair
Geographic Information Systems and Cartographic Analysis Laboratory,
University of Minnesota
Duluth, Minnesota 55812
(218) 726-6226, Fax: (218) 726-6386
IS YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS CURRENT WITH
If not, please be sure to notify the AAG right away (within two weeks
receipt of this newsletter).
Send your updated address to: <email@example.com
and you will receive the next electronic edition of the CSG newsletter.
We would like to have to update our email
addresses no more than twice
a year. Your cooperation is greatly appreciated!
NACIS WEBSITE INFO
The North American Cartographic Information Society maintains a website
which carries details of the October 7-10, 1998 meeting in Milwaukee,
Wisconsin. Check out http://www.nacis.org.
The site contains a special NACIS
and Milwaukee-related news page, including satellite imagery of the
CALL FOR NOMINATIONS, 1999 - 2000
The 1999-2000 Cartography Specialty Group Nominations Committee
requests suggested nominees for the following offices up for election:
Vice Chair (1999-2000)
Academic Director (1999-2001)
Non-Academic Director (1999-2001)
Student Director (1999-2000)
Continuing officers for the coming year include Scott Freundschuh
will be Past Chair (1999-2000), Ann Goulette who continues as Secretary/
Treasurer (1998-2000), Elisabeth Nelson, Academic Director (1998-2000)
and Charles Rader, who will move up to Chair (1999-2000).
Please contact Ute Dymon by November 15, 1998 to suggest possible candidates:
Ute J. Dymon (CSG Nominations Chair)
Department of Geography, Kent State University
Kent, OH 44242-0001
330-672-3226, Fax 330-672-4304
AMERICAN FRIENDS OF THE HARLEY FELLOWSHIPS
Over $2,000 Raised So Far, Campaign Ends December 31, 1998
I am writing to invite you to take part in a concerted effort to
help researchers in map history have
access to the great map collections of the London area. The J. B. Harley
Research Fellowships Trust has
already supported twelve research fellows (young graduates and established
researchers, from seven
countries). The Trust is now firmly established internationally. Demand
and the quality of applicants are
increasing annually. This effort helps us all in the long term. Young
researchers doing work in the major
libraries are crucial for the future health of the field of the history
The American Friends of the J. B. Harley Research
Fellowships, Inc., enables U.S. taxpayers to make tax-
deductible donations in support of the Harley Trust. I am anxious that
this first major campaign of the
American Friends will demonstrate our commitment to this worthwhile
cause. ANY AMOUNT WILL BE MOST
GRATEFULLY RECEIVED. Those offering $100 and over are acknowledged
(unless anonymity is requested) in
the Trustâs Annual Report as Associates; those giving $250 or
more are Members; $500 and over become
Patrons; and those donating $1,000 and over are named as Founders.
This special campaign will end on 31
As an added incentive to this special effort,
we are delighted to announce that Art and Jan Holzheimer
will match gifts to a total of $5,000 to make this a worthy American
contribution. A form is provided for
Cordially yours, and thanks for your help,
President and Treasurer
American Friends of the J.B. Harley Research Fellowships
1443 Mound Street
Madison, WI 53711-2221
_ Associate ($100) _ Member ($250)
_Patron ($500) _ Founder ($1000) _Other
Checks should be made payable to "Harley Fellowships"
Name (as you prefer the gift to be acknowledged):
City, State, Zip
_ Check here if you prefer to remain anonymous.
American Historical Association Meeting
Plans Cartography Panel
Evelyn Edson, Professor of History at Piedmont
Virginia Community College is planning to put
together a panel at an upcoming AHA meeting to, as she phrased it,
"educate the rest of the
academic profession on topics in the history of cartography."
The AHA meets in Chicago from January 6 -
9, 2000. Interested participants should contact
Edson, and send a brief description of the topic you have in mind.
Scholars from disciplines other
than history do not have to be members of the AHA to participate. The
conference theme is
"History for the Twenty-First Century: Continuity and Change." Papers
interpretation, methodology, and perspective" which address broad issues
in the field are
Be sure to visit the AHAâs website:
http://chnm.gmu.edu/aha. Click on "Annual Meeting."
Professor of History
Piedmont Virginia Comm. College
501 College Drive
Charlottesville, VA 22902
WEB-BASED GEOGRAPHIC EDUCATION
Distance Learning Formats Ready to Launch
"Is it possible to have nutritious, good food delivered to
your home?" This was the question
posed by David DiBiase, as he contemplated an analogy for distance
education. Both Dr. DiBiase
and Penn State answer with a qualified "yes." Dr. DiBiase serves as
a senior lecturer in Penn
Stateâs Department of Geography and is director of its George
F. Deasy GeoGraphics Laboratory.
His specialties include teaching geographic information literacy and
resources for digital and print media.
He is also Faculty Coordinator for Penn Stateâs World Campus
Certificate Program in GIS.
The web-based program is tentatively scheduled
to start in January. The program consists of
four ten-week courses. The first course begins with an introduction
to the fundamental concepts of
geographic information science. The second and third courses demonstrate
how those concepts
are implemented in geographic information systems. In the fourth course,
participants will have the
opportunity to embark on a simulated internship experience and use
fully functional GIS software
to solve a real-world environmental problem.
The course is designed for professionals who
already use GIS but never had a formal course in
it. Dr. DiBiase believes that while there is no substitute for resident
education, it is possible to
provide quality education to people who are willing to work one or
two nights a week.
"They have jobs and families, and it is impossible
to go back to school," said Dr. DiBiase.
"Technology is at a stage right now where distance learning is possible."
The explosion in the use
of GIS sets the stage for a program such as Penn Stateâs.
There are other programs soon to be available
over the web, as well. Most notably is the Master
of Science in Geographical Information Science program offered by Birkbeck
Department of Geography.
Are distance education programs a threat to
resident education? It is difficult to foresee a
negative impact from the ability to disseminate quality education
to a diffuse and diverse
For more information on the Penn State and Birkbeck programs, visit their
Twelfth Annual Honors Competition
for Student Papers
The Cartography Specialty Group of the Association
Geographers is pleased to announce the 1998-99 Honors Competition for
Student Papers on cartographic topics to be presented at the Annual
Meeting of the AAG in Honolulu, Hawaii, March 23-March 27, 1999.
Rules for Submission
· Papers must be based upon original work relevant to the
cartography and current cartographic research.
· Papers must be based upon work done as an undergraduate
graduate student, and the research must have been completed within
the past academic year.
· Topics are not restricted to work derived from theses
· Papers must be written entirely by the applicant.
· Applications must submit the usual short abstract and
program participation fee as required by the AAG, as well as the AAG
applicaton form, to the CSG.
· Students who are selected as finalists will be placed
in a special
session at the national meeting.
The competition is open to students at all academic levels.
· A $500 prize will be awarded to the first place paper.
· A $250 prize will be awarded to the second place paper.
· Additionally, the registration fee for the Annual Meeting
covered for up to five entrants.
Judging will take into account the academic level of the entrants.
the written and the oral version of the papers will be judged by a
committee including the current Academic and Student Directors of the
Cartography Specialty Group.
Guidelines for Papers
Guidelines for papers may be obtained from the Academic or Student
Directors of the CSG. (See listing on Page 2 of this newsletter.)
Submission of Abstracts and Papers
Abstracts should be submitted in both paper and digital format following
the guidelines of the AAG (see the May issue of the AAG Newsletter
detailed instructions). Abstracts were due September 4, 1998. Posters
and Illustrated Papers are due October 4, 1998. All submissions should
Department of Geography
George Mason University
Fairfax, VA 22030
USGS Restructures Prices for Digital
The USGS has revised prices for some digital cartographic data sets. Known
as US GeoData, these
data sets include digital elevation models (DEM), digital line graphs
(DLG), digital raster graphics
(DRG), land use and land cover data (LULC), geographic names information
system data (GNIS),
and black-and-white and color-infrared digital orthophoto quarter quadrangles
Prices for these products were last revised
more than 10 years ago. Prices have been adjusted
to accurately reflect and ensure recovery of the costs associated with
their reproduction and
distribution, and are directly proportional to file size. These changes
are consistent with guidance
contained in the Office of Management and Budget Circular A-130 which
agencies to recover only reproduction and distribution costs from the
sale of its products.
Revised prices for the US GeoData products
are shown in the table below. These prices will
become effective on October 1, 1998.
After October 1, the DRB data sets will only
be available for purchase as individual 7.5 minute
quadrangles priced at $1.00 each. A 1-degree block set will no longer
be offered as the standard
distribution format. However, 1-degree blocks of DRGâs may still
be purchased under the new price
structure as a composite of sixty-four 7.5 minute files, two 1:100,000-scale
files, and one 1:250,000-
scale file at a cost of $112. A $3.50 handling fee applies to each
All US GeoData product orders received by
or postmarked before October 1, 1998, will be
subject to the current price structure. All US GeoData product orders
received after October 1,
1998, will be priced according to the new structure. Customers who
place orders between
September 14 and October 1, 1998, will be allowed a grace period, ending
October 31, 1998, to
change their orders. The grace period is not available on customer
orders placed before
September 14, 1998.
As the nationâs largest water, earth
and biological science and civilian mapping agency the
USGS works in cooperation with more than 2,000 organizations across
the country to provide
reliable, impartial scientific information to resource managers, planners,
and other customers. This
information is gathered in every state by USGS scientists to minimize
the loss of life and property
from natural disasters, contribute to sound economic and physical development
of the nationâs
natural resources, and enhance the quality of life by monitoring water,
biological, energy, and
Barron Bradford, USGS
Off. of Data & Information Delivery
508 National Center
Reston, VA 20192
NEW USGS PRICE LIST
||Base Charge (Media)
||Base Charge (ftp)
Masterâs Thesis Research
Announcement of 1998-99 Award Applications
The Cartography Specialty Group of the Association of
Geographers is pleased to announce the 1998-1999 Masterâs Thesis
Research Grants. These grants are available to masters students
working on cartographic research and who are enrolled in a geography
degree program. Grants are available up to a maximum of $300 and may
used for items necessary and relevant to research such as travel,
materials, equipment, and human subject fees. Deadlines for applications
are November 1st, March 15th, and June 15th.
· Fundable research must be cartographic in nature.
· Cartography must be the central focus of the research,
merely a tool used in support of some other research.
Review of Proposals
· Research proposals will be judged based upon (1) their
their research design or plan of work, and (3) their budget and its
· Proposals are reviewed in a non-blind process by a committee
people selected by the Non-Academic Director in consultation with the
Date of Awards
Awards will be made two months after the review date for which the
proposal was submitted.
Application Form Required for Submission
An application form may be obtained from the Non-Academic Director.
the form out completely. Note that the applicant and the advisor are
jointly responsible for the accuracy and validity of all information
the application. Be sure to complete the budget and justification on
back of the application form. List the requested items from highest
lowest priority and include price quotations for these items. Below,
provide a brief justification of why the items you are requesting are
necessary to your thesis. Final-ly, state whether you will accept partial
funding should the entire amount requested not be granted.
Description of the Research Plan
A description of your research plan is also required. Place your name
the title of your thesis at the top of the first page. State the research
objectives and the specific aims of the research. Describe concisely
methods for achieving these goals. The research plan should not exceed
three pages. Please note that human subject clearance must be obtained
before grant money can be awarded, if the research involves human
All applications must be typewritten or completed on a word processor.
Incomplete applications will not be considered. Applications must be
received by the deadline in order to be considered for funding. Submit
original signed application form and research plan, along with two
CSG Non-Academic Director
4705 Eddystone Street
Annandale, VA 22003
Oct. 7-10 - North American Cartographic Information Society Annual
Milwaukee, WI. 800-558-8993, www.nacis.org.
Nov. 10-12 - GIS/LIS 98 Annual Conference and Exposition. Fort Worth,
Contact: GIS/LIS 98 Registrar, ACSM, 5410 Grosvenor Ln, Ste 100,
Bethesda, MD 20814. 301-493-0200.
Feb. 11-13 - European Division, Sixth Annual IMTA Conference &
Stakis Brighton Metropole Hotel, Brighton, England. For information:
Sue Cranidge, Office Manager, European Division IMTA, 5 Spinacre, Becton
Lane, Barton on Sea, Hants BH25 7DF England; phone/fax 44 01425
620532; email: imtaeurope@
Mar. 13-18 - American Congress on Surveying and Mapping Annual Convention
and Auto-Carto 15, Portland, Oregon. Contact: ACSM at 301-493-0200,
Mar. 23-27 - Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting, Honolulu,
Hawaii. Contact: AAG, 1710 16th St. NW, Washington, DC 20009-3198.
May 3-6 - International Intergraph Graphic User Group (IGUG) Conference,
Huntsville, Alabama. Contact: IGUG, 115 River Road, Suite 621,
Edgewater, NJ 07020. 800-955-4484, firstname.lastname@example.org
Jun. 3-6 - Australian Book Fair, Sydney, Australia. For info: IMTA Australia
New Zealand; P.O. Box 2660, Logan city, Qld. 4114 Australia. Phone:
6201 4310; intaanz@
Aug. 14-21 - 19th International Cartographic Association General Assembly
and Conference, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Contact: ICA Ottawa 1999,
Booth St., room 500, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0E9 Canada. 613-996-2817,
Jul. 11-19 - 18th International Conference on the History of Cartography,
Athens, Greece. Contact: Dr. George Tolias, 48 Vassileos Konstantinou
Avenue, GR-116 35 Athens, +301 721 0554, or Tony Campbell at
Sep. 24-27: International Map Trade Assoc. 19th Conference & Trade
Ottawa Conference Centre, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. For info:
Linda Mickle, IMTA. 815-939-4627.
Apr. 4-8 - AAG Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, Penna., www.aag.org.
Department of Geography
University of Minnesota
Duluth, MN 55812
Vice Chair (1998-99)
Department of Geography
University of Wisconsin - River Falls
410 South 3rd Street
River Falls, WI 54022-5001
Booz Allen & Hamilton
8283 Greensboro Drive
McLean, VA 22105
Academic Director (1997-1999)
Department of Geography
George Mason University
Fairfax, VA 22030
Academic Director (1998-2000)
Department of Geography
San Diego State University
San Diego, CA 92182
Non-Academic Director (1997-1999)
4705 Eddystone Street
Annandale, VA 22003
Student Director (1998-1999)
P.O. Box 653
State College, PA 16804
Past Chair (1998-1999)
205 Overlook Drive
Kent, OH 44240
2223 Marengo Road
Warriors Mark, PA 16877
Submission of articles for the CSG newsletter should follow this
Fall Issue August 15
Winter Issue December 1
Spring Issue April 15
Snail mail articles to Barbara Kinne, 2223 Marengo Road, Warriors Mark,
PA 16877, or email to email@example.com.
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