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Diane Klein,Ph.D, Sharon Kilpatrick, M.A
Minor, M.A. & Deborah Chen, Ph.D
OF VIDEO TAPE IN EARLY INTERVENTION
- As "family movie"
of specific child behaviors
of change over time
- Evaluation of
effectiveness of intervention strategies
of therapy techniques (especially positioning)
- Caregiver self-evaluation
of effective caregiver-interaction
- Use of commercial
video tapes for parent information and education
OF VIDEO TAPING IN HOME VISITS: TIPS AND CAUTIONS
- Establish rapport
- Identify purpose
of video; why it will be useful, etc.
- Inform parents
what will be video taped, how long, etc.
- Ask parents
if they are comfortable with the idea, and ask if they have questions.
- Obtain written
consent (Form should include how tapes will be used, etc.)
- Explain that
parents will get to keep the tape.
- Ask if there
are things the parents would like to have video taped.
- Consider taping
in more than one situation or setting. The contrasts are often interesting.
Pitfalls and Challenges:
- Difficult to
be the cameraperson and the early interventionist at the same time.
- Can use tripod,
but results won't be as good as handheld, using zoom, etc.
- Must be sensitive
to parent's level of discomfort.
- In first taping
session, focus primarily on the child (and maybe siblings), rather than caregiver.
As soon as parent seems comfortable, include caregiver child interactions
- Frequent interruptions
in home setting: phone calls, doorbell, other family members
- Frequent need
to change camera position as activity changes (avoid abrupt camera movement.)
noise, e.g., traffic, fans, etc.
- Lack of space,
poor lighting, etc.
- Avoid long tapes.
Limit to about 15 minutes.
Nuts and Bolts:
yourself thoroughly with camera ahead of time; practice.
- If using battery
make sure it's charged. A long cord for AC outlet is more dependable.
- Assess the environment:
remove obstacles, check lighting; be aware of noise, e.g. TV.
- Avoid back lighting;
don't shoot toward window or door, or toward lamp.
- Label tapes
immediately with names, time and date; maintain a log sheet.
- Use proper storage.
Viewing Tape with
- Begin by commenting
on child's behavior and expressing interest:
seen him do that before"
" He seems
to love that toy"
- Be positive;
note new accomplishments.
note child and caregiver's mutual interactions:
exactly what he wanted! How could you tell?"
responds to the sound of your voice"
Video in Home Visiting"
(1997, Winter). Using video tapes to strengthen the parent-child relationship.
IMPrint, Newsletter of the Infant Mental Health Promotion Project, 20,
1-4. Toronto: Hospital for Sick Children.
(1992). Home movies: Using videotapes with at risk families to strengthen the
parent-child relationship. Abstracts of the Proceedings of the Fifth Congress
of the World Association of Infant Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines. Chicago,
Klein, M.D., Chen,
D. & Haney, M. (2000). Using videotaped observations. In PLAI: Promoting
learning through active interaction. A guide to early communication with young
children who have multiple disabilities. (pp.75-79). Baltimore, MD: Paul
Klein, M.D. &
Briggs, M.H. (1987). Facilitating mother-infant communicative interaction in
mothers of high-risk infants. Journal of Childhood Communication Disorders,
Seeing is Believing:
Videotaping families and using guided self-observation to build on parenting
strengths: University of Minnesota: Irvin B. Harris Training Center for
Infant and Toddler Development. http://www.red.coled.umn.edu/harriscenter,