Partial Alphabetic

In the partial alphabetic phase of decoding, letter cues are added to context cues in the decoding of print. A person in the partial alphabetic phase will identify the names and major sounds of most consonants. She is increasingly likely to use some of these letter-sound associations as decoding and spelling cues. She is decreasingly likely to use non-alphabetic context cues.

Decoding miscues during the partial alphabetic phase will commonly result in nonsense words based on a simple use of letter-sound associations. For example, a person might pronounce ball as /bal/ instead of /bol/. Conversely, she may use invented spellings such as “bol” for ball.

Referred to by some as the rudimentary-alphabetic phase of word learning.

  1. Pre-alphabetic
  2. Partial alphabetic
  3. Full alphabetic
  4. Consolidated alphabetic
  5. Automatic.

This table presents the sequence, content, assessment, and instruction of decoding.

home diagram

Ehri & McCormick, 1998

Ehri & Soffer, 1999

McCormick, 2003