Full Alphabetic

In the full alphabetic phase of decoding, the major sound-symbol relationships for each letter are used systematically. A person early in this phase is apt to decode many words letter-by-letter. She will likely use initial and final letters as decoding cues. Later in this phase, a person is apt to recognize many words by sight, produce fewer miscues when decoding aloud, and fewer miscues yet that are nonsense words.

When spelling, a person in the full alphabetic phase will use real and plausible invented spellings with real letters to represent real words.

For example, and error in decoding hope might be /hop-e/ earlier in the full alphabetic phase but later is likely to be hop or another real word.

Referred to by some as the spelling-sound phase of word learning.

  1. Pre-alphabetic
  2. Partial alphabetic
  3. Full alphabetic
  4. Consolidated alphabetic
  5. Automatic

This table presents the sequence, content, assessment, and instruction of decoding.

home diagram

Ehri & Soffer, 1999

McCormick, 2003