California State University, Northridge
Health Science 237
- Introduction to Health Education
Mid
-Term Study Items
Fall 2008

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 
1)  Which of the following phrases best describes the authors' view of health education? Health education is 1) ______
  A)  an emerging profession.
  B)  a coordinated professional effort.
  C)  a profession.
  D)  an applied discipline.
  E)  a process.

2)  The body of knowledge, principles, and concepts used in health education come from a variety of fields. Which one of the following is NOT one the major fields supporting health education? 2) ______
  A)  medical sciences
  B)  physics
  C)  biology
  D)  sociology
  E)  behavioral sciences

3)  Which one of those below is NOT used to define a profession? A profession 3) ______
  A)  makes its own decision regarding entry to the field.
  B)  has a code of ethics.
  C)  provides an income.
  D)  has an association that represents the profession.
  E)  provides a unique and essential social service.

4)  During the 1850s to 1950s, the primary focus of the public health effort in the United States was to 4) ______
  A)  control chronic diseases.
  B)  establish health education as a profession.
  C)  control infectious diseases.
  D)  develop national health care coverage.
  E)  reduce health care costs.

5)  The potential for reducing morbidity, saving lives, and reducing health care costs in the United States through health promotion occurred by the 5) ______
  A)  early 1900s.
  B)  late 1950s.
  C)  early 2000s.
  D)  mid 1970s.

6)  The federal government's 1980 document that presented a blueprint of the health promotion and disease prevention strategy is know as 6) ______
  A)  Healthy People 2010.
  B)  Promoting Health/Preventing Disease: Objectives for a Nation.
  C)  Quality of Life in the United States.
  D)  Code Blue.
  E)  The Presidential Commission's Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention.

7)  The number of deaths per 100,000 population is known as 7) ______
  A)  the mortality rate.
  B)  crude rate.
  C)  life expectancy.
  D)  the morbidity rate.
  E)  a specific rate.

8)  The death rate is sometimes referred to as 8) ______
  A)  mortality.
  B)  Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL).
  C)  the crude rate.
  D)  life expectancy.

9)  The average number of years of life remaining is known as the 9) ______
  A)  death rate.
  B)  life expectancy.
  C)  Disability-Adjusted Life Years [DALY].
  D)  Years of Potential Life Lost [YPLL].
  E)  mortality rate.

10)  Which rate would be the most appropriate to use when evaluating the impact of a disease or an unintended injury upon society? 10) ______
  A)  Years of Potential Life Lost [YPLL]
  B)  infant mortality rate
  C)  Health-Related Quality of Life [HRQOL]
  D)  mortality rate
  E)  Disability-Adjusted Life Years [DALY]

11)  The primary difference between the health education profession and other helping professions in achieving the goals and objectives of the profession is 11) ______
  A)  that the cost of health education is much less than other helping professions.
  B)  that other professions do not have stated goals and objectives.
  C)  that the cost of health education is much higher than other helping professions.
  D)  the use of the teaching-learning process by the health education profession.
  E)  the establishment of written objectives by health educators.

12)  The primary role of a health educator includes 12) ______
  A)  writing, teaching, and evaluating health education programs.
  B)  assessing the needs, diagnosing medical problems, and curriculum development.
  C)  developing, planning, implementing, and evaluating health education programs.
  D)  assessing the needs, identifying health problems, and creating an intervention for the target population.
  E)  serving as a resource person, communicating with the public, and marketing health education programs.

13)  The primary role of a health educator includes 13) ______
  A)  program planning.
  B)  program evaluation.
  C)  program delivery.
  D)  program development.
  E)  all of the above.

14)  According to the best available estimates, behavioral patterns impact what portion of the population's early death? 14) ______
  A)  15%
  B)  70%
  C)  30%
  D)  10%
  E)  40%

15)  The use of the DTP vaccine is an example of which level of prevention? 15) ______
  A)  community prevention
  B)  tertiary prevention
  C)  secondary prevention
  D)  primary prevention
  E)  none of the above

16)  The use of condoms to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STI) is an example of which level of prevention? 16) ______
  A)  secondary prevention
  B)  community prevention
  C)  tertiary prevention
  D)  primary prevention
  E)  none of the above

17)  Providing education to a diabetic on how to use his/her insulin is an example of which level of prevention? 17) ______
  A)  secondary prevention
  B)  community prevention
  C)  primary prevention
  D)  tertiary prevention
  E)  none of the above

18)  Teaching high school students how to perform a breast self-examination or a testicular self-examination is an example of which level of prevention? 18) ______
  A)  primary prevention
  B)  secondary prevention
  C)  community prevention
  D)  tertiary prevention
  E)  none of the above

19)  The use of a sports physical examination as a requirement to participate in high school athletics is an example of which level of prevention? 19) ______
  A)  community prevention
  B)  secondary prevention
  C)  primary prevention
  D)  tertiary prevention
  E)  none of the above

20)  Which one of the following disciplines and professions was NOT identified by the authors as contributing to the principles and concepts of health education? 20) ______
  A)  education
  B)  epidemiology
  C)  anthropology
  D)  medicine
  E)  none of the above

21)  The history of health education as an emerging profession is only a little over ________ years old 21) ______
  A)  100
  B)  500
  C)  1,000
  D)  5,000
  E)  10,000

22)  It is assumed that the earliest humans initially learned to distinguish those things that were good for them and would enhance health from those that were harmful and would impair health by 22) ______
  A)  instinct.
  B)  inherited knowledge.
  C)  divine intervention.
  D)  medicine men.
  E)  trial and error.

23)  The oldest excavated sites, dating back 4000 years, that indicate bathrooms and drains were found at 23) ______
  A)  Mycenea.
  B)  Spartica.
  C)  Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa.
  D)  Minoa.
  E)  Syria.

24)  The ________ is the oldest written document related to health care dating from around 1600 BC. 24) ______
  A)  Biblical transcript
  B)  Smith Papyri
  C)  Code of Hammurabi
  D)  Greek Hospital Code
  E)  Egyptian Health Manifesto

25)  The ________ is the earliest written record concerning public health. 25) ______
  A)  Egyptian Health Manifesto
  B)  Greek Hospital Code
  C)  Smith Papyri
  D)  Code of Hammurabi
  E)  Biblical transcript

26)  Which book of the Bible is considered to be the world's first written hygienic code? 26) ______
  A)  Habakkuk
  B)  Zephaniah
  C)  Obadiah
  D)  Leviticus
  E)  Lamentations

27)  The Egyptians were considered to be 27) ______
  A)  far more advanced in public health matters than the Romans.
  B)  far more advanced in public health matters than the Greeks.
  C)  the founders of modern surgery.
  D)  the writers of the earliest health care documents.
  E)  the healthiest people of their time.

28)  The first people to put as much emphasis on prevention of disease as on the treatment of disease conditions were the 28) ______
  A)  Hebrews.
  B)  Egyptians.
  C)  Greeks.
  D)  Christians.
  E)  Romans.

29)  By the beginning of the 8th Century BC, Greek mythology had endowed ________ as the god of medicine. 29) ______
  A)  Mercury
  B)  Asclepius
  C)  Hygeia
  D)  Apollo
  E)  Zeus

30)  The Greek physician credited as being the first epidemiologist and the father of modern medicine was 30) ______
  A)  Asclepius.
  B)  Panacea.
  C)  Caduceus.
  D)  Hippocrates.
  E)  Plato.

31)  The staff and serpent symbol, which also marked early Greek temples of healing, is known as 31) ______
  A)  Asclepius.
  B)  Panacea.
  C)  Plato.
  D)  Hippocrates.
  E)  Caduceus.

32)  Hippocrates' theory that all things were composed of different combinations of particles too small to be seen is known as the 32) ______
  A)  Hemo Theory.
  B)  Atomic Theory.
  C)  Physiological Theory.
  D)  Caduceus Theory.
  E)  Field Theory.

33)  The early society most famous for building sewage systems, water supply systems, baths, and other health facilities was the 33) ______
  A)  Greeks.
  B)  Romans.
  C)  Saxons.
  D)  Hebrews.
  E)  Egyptians.

34)  During what era were criminals dissected alive to improve medical knowledge? 34) ______
  A)  Age of Enlightenment
  B)  Egyptian
  C)  Roman
  D)  Middle Ages
  E)  Greek

35)  Which of the following built the most extensive aqueduct system to bring fresh water to its subjects? 35) ______
  A)  Saxons
  B)  Romans
  C)  Hebrews
  D)  Greeks
  E)  Egyptians

36)  Entire libraries were burned, and knowledge about the human body was seen as sinful during the 36) ______
  A)  Egyptian era.
  B)  Middle Ages.
  C)  Greek era.
  D)  Renaissance.
  E)  Roman era.

37)  Which great epidemic during the Middle Ages resulted in the most discrimination and isolation of its victims? 37) ______
  A)  diphtheria
  B)  syphilis
  C)  bubonic plague
  D)  leprosy
  E)  smallpox

38)  One of the prevailing beliefs of the origin of ________ was that dead bodies of diseased soldiers were catapulted into a besieged city. 38) ______
  A)  smallpox
  B)  leprosy
  C)  bubonic plague
  D)  diphtheria
  E)  syphilis

39)  "Water casting" was a 39) ______
  A)  method for diagnosing syphilis during the Roman era.
  B)  means of casting out demons by throwing water on the inflicted individual.
  C)  procedure for locating water sources during the Egyptian era.
  D)  condition in which water was retained by the body when infected with leprosy.
  E)  major means of diagnosing a patient's condition by examining the urine for changes in coloration.

40)  During the Renaissance period, much surgery and dentistry was performed by 40) ______
  A)  barbers.
  B)  professionally trained nurse midwifes.
  C)  general practitioners.
  D)  professionally trained physicians and dentists.
  E)  surgeons trained only by apprenticeship.

41)  The development of a well-considered philosophy provides the underpinnings that support the bridge between 41) ______
  A)  esoteric and practice.
  B)  theory and practice.
  C)  practice and patience.
  D)  ethereal and theory.
  E)  patience and understanding.

42)  Which one of the following is not included in the topics studied by a philosopher in an academic setting? 42) ______
  A)  aesthetics
  B)  ethics and logic
  C)  metaphysics
  D)  scatology and astrology
  E)  politics and theology

43)  Convictions, ideas, learning, values, experiences, and attitudes in the areas applicable to life are the building blocks that make up a 43) ______
  A)  dilemma.
  B)  viewpoint.
  C)  probability.
  D)  notion.
  E)  philosophy.

44)  Using slogans to identify products is analogous to knowing a person's philosophy by analyzing the person's 44) ______
  A)  sayings (quotes).
  B)  hearing and voice quality.
  C)  ability to read.
  D)  hobbies.
  E)  occupation.

45)  Loren Bensley describes a philosophy that can be built on 45) ______
  A)  influential people.
  B)  hobbies.
  C)  pessimism.
  D)  A and C.
  E)  none of the above.

46)  Select the phrase that does not describe philosophy. 46) ______
  A)  a body of knowledge that defines the parameters for the living and the dead
  B)  an integration of the past, present, and future into a coherent whole that is a guide through life
  C)  a perception of the world and how and why it seems to work
  D)  a comprehension of nature and of reality
  E)  a wisdom of the nature of things

47)  A philosophy that is synchronous means the philosophical viewpoint a person holds is applicable only 47) ______
  A)  at home, at school, and in the workplace.
  B)  as part of a religious practice.
  C)  at work and at school.
  D)  in the workplace.
  E)  at home, at school, in the workplace, and at play.

48)  The practice former Surgeon General C. Everett Koop used to demonstrate his belief that HIV/AIDS was a health problem and not a moral issue was to 48) ______
  A)  disseminate needles to inner city addicts.
  B)  deny education about high risk behaviors for the infection of HIV.
  C)  limit condom use for sexually active couples.
  D)  deny education about infected body fluids.
  E)  none of the above.

49)  Tamayose et al. found that the two most cited reasons student chose a career in public health were 49) ______
  A)  enjoyment of the profession and the potential for high salaries.
  B)  the opportunity for advancement and working conditions.
  C)  providing a service to other and the work conditions.
  D)  enjoyment of the profession and providing a service to others.

50)  Which factors were found to have a major influence on students to pursue a career in public health?
1) enjoyment of the profession
2) income potential
3) provide a service to others
4) opportunity for advancement
50) ______
  A)  3 and 4
  B)  1 and 3
  C)  1 and 2
  D)  2 and 4

51)  The philosophy espoused by health educators who seek to motivate their students or clients toward a balance among the physical, emotional, spiritual, and social components is termed 51) ______
  A)  holistic.
  B)  humanism.
  C)  wellness.
  D)  symmetry.
  E)  eclectic.

52)  The philosophy espoused by health professionals who acknowledge that the human is a unified integrated organism is termed 52) ______
  A)  holistic.
  B)  humanism.
  C)  wellness.
  D)  symmetry.
  E)  eclectic.

53)  The philosophy espoused by health educators who promote the basic premise of the worth of human life and the ability of individuals to achieve self fulfillment is termed 53) ______
  A)  holistic.
  B)  humanism.
  C)  wellness.
  D)  symmetry.
  E)  eclectic.

54)  The philosophy subscribed to by health educators who believe that achieving optimal health is the development and of the spiritual, intellectual, physical, emotional, environmental, and social dimensions is termed 54) ______
  A)  holistic.
  B)  humanism.
  C)  wellness.
  D)  symmetry.
  E)  eclectic.

55)  The leading health educator whose philosophical viewpoint is that the health educator's function is to awaken learners to their own capacities and provide learning experiences for making decisions. 55) ______
  A)  Marian Hamburg
  B)  Joyce Fetro
  C)  John Seffrin
  D)  Loren Bensley
  E)  Lorraine Davis

56)  The leading health educator who describes health education as an ongoing process with content and process changing as individuals and current health issues change. 56) ______
  A)  John Seffrin
  B)  Marian Hamburg
  C)  Joyce Fetro
  D)  Loren Bensley
  E)  Lorraine Davis

57)  The leading health educator who believes health education programming includes inter-sectoral cooperation, coalition-building, and networking. 57) ______
  A)  Lorraine Davis
  B)  Joyce Fetro
  C)  Loren Bensley
  D)  John Seffrin
  E)  Marian Hamburg

58)  The leading health educator who believes that the most fundamental outcome of health education is the enabling of individuals to achieve a level of freedom, avoiding unnecessary encumbrances to make enlightened choices. 58) ______
  A)  John Seffrin
  B)  Marian Hamburg
  C)  Joyce Fetro
  D)  Lorraine Davis
  E)  Loren Bensley

59)  One way that a philosophy is NOT formed is by 59) ______
  A)  experiencing every aspect of life.
  B)  having mentors and role models.
  C)  considering both the advantages and disadvantages of certain actions.
  D)  reading and thinking about what is important.
  E)  learning about the experiences of friends and relatives.

60)  The concept from the vignette about the flea circus that can be incorporated in a personal philosophy is 60) ______
  A)  that people accurately determine their own abilities.
  B)  that fleas can jump higher for their size than any living creature.
  C)  never to compare yourself with others.
  D)  that life dishes out bumps.
  E)  that people too often set their sights and dreams too low.

61)  A systematic arrangement of fundamental principles to explain events is known as a 61) ______
  A)  variable.
  B)  model.
  C)  theory.
  D)  concept.

62)  Which of the following are designed to provide a framework on which health education/promotion can create plans for a program? 62) ______
  A)  theories
  B)  constructs
  C)  concepts
  D)  models

63)  The best model for planning health promotion programs is 63) ______
  A)  PRECEDE-PROCEED.
  B)  PRECEDE.
  C)  Model for Health Education Planning.
  D)  Generic Health/Fitness Delivery System.
  E)  There is no best model.

64)  The planning model that is best known and has been most often used in health promotion is 64) ______
  A)  Generic Health/Fitness Delivery System (Patton et al.).
  B)  Model for Health Education Planning and Resource Development (Bates and Winder).
  C)  PRECEDE-PROCEED (Green & Kreuter).
  D)  Comprehensive Health Education Model (Sullivan).
  E)  Model for Health Education Planning (Ross and Mico).

65)  The three evaluation phases are generally associated with which portion of the PRECEDE-PROCEED model? 65) ______
  A)  PROCEED
  B)  PRECEDE

66)  Which of the planning following models attempts to use the strengths of the other models? 66) ______
  A)  Multilevel Approach to Community Health
  B)  PRECEDE-PROCEED (Green & Kreuter)
  C)  Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (NACCHO)
  D)  CDCynergy (CDC)
  E)  Social Marketing Assessment Response Tool (Neiger)

67)  Which model was designed to be used when behavioral and environmental risk and protective factors are generally known? 67) ______
  A)  Multilevel Approach to Community Health
  B)  Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (NACCHO)
  C)  CDCynergy (CDC)
  D)  Social Marketing Assessment Response Tool (Neiger)
  E)  PRECEDE-PROCEED (Green & Kreuter)

68)  Which of the following planning models begins with the phase of goal selection? 68) ______
  A)  Multilevel Approach to Community Health
  B)  PRECEDE-PROCEED (Green & Kreuter)
  C)  Model for Health Education Planning (Ross and Mico)
  D)  CDCynergy (CDC)

69)  Which of the following planning models begins with the phase/step initiate? 69) ______
  A)  Planning Program Development, and Evaluation Model (Timmreck)
  B)  PRECEDE-PROCEED (Green & Kreuter)
  C)  Model for Health Education Planning (Ross and Mico)
  D)  Multilevel Approach to Community Health

70)  Which of the following planning models supports intervention activities aimed at a variety of objectives and individuals? 70) ______
  A)  Multilevel Approach to Community Health
  B)  Model for Health Education Planning (Ross and Mico)
  C)  Social Marketing Assessment Response Tool (Neiger)
  D)  CDCynergy (CDC)

71)  The components of the PRECEDE model place emphasis on 71) ______
  A)  evaluation.
  B)  assessment.
  C)  implementation.
  D)  epidemiology.

72)  The components of the PROCEED model place emphasis on 72) ______
  A)  predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors.
  B)  the target population.
  C)  evaluation.
  D)  assessment.

73)  Which of the following models focuses on programs delivered by public health professionals with responsibility for health communication? 73) ______
  A)  CDCynergy (CDC)
  B)  Multilevel Approach to Community Health
  C)  Model for Health Education Planning (Ross and Mico)
  D)  Social Marketing Assessment Response Tool (Neiger)

74)  Which of the following planning models identifies the market analysis as one of its phases? 74) ______
  A)  CDCynergy (CDC)
  B)  Multilevel Approach to Community Health
  C)  Social Marketing Assessment Response Tool (Neiger)
  D)  Model for Health Education Planning (Ross and Mico)

75)  Which of the following planning components was identified in all the planning models? 75) ______
  A)  learning activities
  B)  review of self-help materials
  C)  needs assessment
  D)  policy commitment

76)  Which of the following is considered a stage theory? 76) ______
  A)  Social Cognitive Theory
  B)  Health Belief Model
  C)  Theory of Planned Behavior
  D)  Precaution Adoption Process Model

77)  What six components seem to be common to all planning models? 77) ______
  A)  needs assessment, definition of problem, planning, implementing the intervention, evaluation
  B)  understanding the community and engaging the target population, needs assessment, goal and objective setting, creating an intervention, implementation, evaluation
  C)  needs assessment, goal and objective setting, planning, implementation, process evaluation
  D)  initiate, goal setting, objective writing, planning, implementation, outcome evaluation
  E)  social diagnosis, goal setting, planning, implementation, process evaluation, outcome evaluation

78)  Which of the following is NOT considered one of the steps used in the Generalized Model for Program Planning? 78) ______
  A)  developing a marketing plan
  B)  creating an intervention
  C)  evaluating the results
  D)  assessing the needs of the target population

79)  A major reason why health educators should plan and use programs based on theory is 79) ______
  A)  because it sounds good.
  B)  to help improve the chances for a successful program.
  C)  because other disciplines use theory.
  D)  none of the above.

80)  In the Health Belief Model, the reduction of the threat of a disease is made up of 80) ______
  A)  perceived benefits and severity.
  B)  perceived susceptibility and severity.
  C)  perceived susceptibility and barriers.
  D)  perceived benefits and barriers.

81)  To help determine whether it is right or wrong to end a person's life, one would have to apply which one of the following areas of philosophy? 81) ______
  A)  ethics
  B)  epistemology
  C)  metaphysics
  D)  physiology
  E)  none of the above

82)  The study of knowledge is known as 82) ______
  A)  physiology.
  B)  metaphysics.
  C)  ethics.
  D)  epistemology.

83)  The study of the nature of reality is known as 83) ______
  A)  ethics.
  B)  metaphysics.
  C)  epistemology.
  D)  physiology.

84)  What are the three major areas of philosophy? 84) ______
  A)  epistemology, metaphysics, and ethics
  B)  metaphysics, religion, and human secularism
  C)  Christianity, Islam, and Judaism
  D)  ethics, religion, and law
  E)  nonmaleficence, The Golden Rule, and transcendentalism

85)  The expected norms of a person who practices health education are found in 85) ______
  A)  job advertisements.
  B)  Mellert's ethical decision making model.
  C)  a professional code of ethics.
  D)  none of these.

86)  Which one of the explanations below was NOT used to explain why health education professionals should act ethically? 86) ______
  A)  Health educators must aspire for a reputation that reflects a life of personal integrity.
  B)  Ethical behavior tends to lead to a healthier life.
  C)  Ethical behavior brings purpose to the life of an individual.
  D)  Other professional expect ethical behavior.

87)  If you believe individuals should always have the right to choose what happens to their own bodies (i.e. abortion or euthanasia should be legal choices), your decision making is based upon which ethical theory? 87) ______
  A)  values clarification
  B)  formalism
  C)  teleological
  D)  consequentialism
  E)  capitalism

88)  If you believe abortion should be legal only in cases of rape or incest, your decision making is most likely based upon which of the ethical theory? 88) ______
  A)  values clarification
  B)  beneficence
  C)  consequentialism
  D)  deontological
  E)  formalism

89)  Consequentialism can best be summarized as 89) ______
  A)  do unto others as you would do unto yourself.
  B)  the end does not justify the means.
  C)  if it feels good, do it.
  D)  the end does justify the means.
  E)  none of the above.

90)  When a health educator decides to encourage a specific behavior because its benefits far out weight the potential harm, which ethical principle has been applied? 90) ______
  A)  honesty
  B)  consequentialism
  C)  justice
  D)  nonmaleficence
  E)  value of life

91)  Which one of the following health education professional organizations has a written code of ethics? 91) ______
  A)  American Public Health Association
  B)  Eta Sigma Gamma
  C)  American School Health Association
  D)  Society for Public Health Education
  E)  all of the above

92)  The first step of Mellert's ethical decision making model is 92) ______
  A)  self-reflection.
  B)  choose your alternative.
  C)  consider all possible consequences.
  D)  define the nature of the problem.
  E)  apply the categorical imperative.

93)  The final step of Mellert's ethical decision making model is 93) ______
  A)  define the nature of the problem.
  B)  choose your alternative.
  C)  apply the categorical imperative.
  D)  consider all possible consequences.
  E)  self-reflection.

94)  What are the two techniques used to protect the privacy of program participants? 94) ______
  A)  confidentiality and anonymity
  B)  informed consent and self-determination
  C)  honesty and anonymity
  D)  nonmaleficence and beneficence
  E)  informed consent and justice

95)  The obligation for health educators to provide service to all citizens is based upon which one of the following principles? 95) ______
  A)  honesty
  B)  justice
  C)  nonmaleficence
  D)  goodness
  E)  beneficence

96)  Which of the following was NOT one of the procedures identified by the authors that a profession can put into place to help ensure ethical behavior by all? 96) ______
  A)  graduation for academic programs
  B)  requiring the completion of an internship
  C)  retention standards to remain in academic programs
  D)  signing a loyalty pledge
  E)  a credentialing process

TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.
 
97)  Ethics is the study of philosophy. 97) ______

98)  A distinction can be made between ethics and morals. 98) ______

99)  There are three major areas of philosophy. 99) ______

100)  There is a relationship between ethical behavior and one's health. 100) ______

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 
101)  The process whereby an individual or a professional preparation program meets specific established standards. 101) ______
  A)  licensure
  B)  certification
  C)  registration
  D)  accreditation
  E)  credentialing

102)  The process by which an agency or government (usually a state) grants permission to individuals to practice a given profession by certifying that those individuals have attained specific standards of competence. 102) ______
  A)  certification
  B)  registration
  C)  credentialing
  D)  accreditation
  E)  licensure

103)  The process by which a recognized professional body evaluates an entire college or university professional preparation program. 103) ______
  A)  credentialing
  B)  registration
  C)  licensure
  D)  certification
  E)  accreditation

104)  A process by which a professional organization grants recognition to an individual who, upon completion of a competency-based curriculum, can demonstrate a predetermined standard of performance. 104) ______
  A)  certification
  B)  registration
  C)  accreditation
  D)  licensure
  E)  credentialing

105)  Health educators typically receive what type of credential upon completion of a national exam? 105) ______
  A)  Ph.D.
  B)  accreditation
  C)  licensure
  D)  registration
  E)  certification

106)  During which decade did the role delineation project begin? 106) ______
  A)  1980s
  B)  1960s
  C)  1990s
  D)  1950s
  E)  1970s

107)  The health educator most responsible for initiating the Role Delineation Project that eventually led to certification of health educators was 107) ______
  A)  Marion Pollock.
  B)  Betty Mathews.
  C)  Thomas Hatch.
  D)  Herb Jones.
  E)  Helen Cleary.

108)  A conference held in February, 1978, to determine the commonalities and differences in the function of health educators practicing in different settings was the 108) ______
  A)  Birmingham Conference.
  B)  Role Delineation Conference.
  C)  Bethesda Conference on Commonalities and Differences.
  D)  Second Bethesda Conference.
  E)  Health Education Specialist Conference.

109)  The first official group that oversaw the Role Delineation Project and eventually a credentialing system for health educators was the 109) ______
  A)  National Task Force on the Preparation and Practice of Health Educators.
  B)  Role Delineation Committee.
  C)  Society of Public Health Educators.
  D)  National Commission for Health Education Credentialing.
  E)  American Association of Health Educators.

110)  The individual hired as project director for the Role Delineation Project was 110) ______
  A)  Herb Jones.
  B)  Alan Henderson.
  C)  Warren Schaller.
  D)  Marrion Pollock.
  E)  Betty Mathews.

111)  To make the initial curriculum guide less prescriptive, it was transformed into 111) ______
  A)  a model curriculum.
  B)  curriculum recommendations.
  C)  a curriculum framework.
  D)  a scope and sequence.
  E)  course-specific lesson plans.

112)  At this conference, participants were divided into five groups and asked to respond to several predetermined questions. Results were that four of the five groups favored some type of certification for individuals and some form of credentialing for professional preparation programs. 112) ______
  A)  Bethesda Conference on Commonalities and Differences
  B)  Role Delineation Conference
  C)  Health Education Specialist Conference
  D)  Birmingham Conference
  E)  Second Bethesda Conference

113)  Which of the following groups was hired to develop the initial health education certification exam? 113) ______
  A)  National Task Force on the Preparation and Practice of Health Educators
  B)  Professional Examination Service
  C)  Society of Public Health Educators
  D)  National Commission for Health Education Credentialing
  E)  Role Delineation Committee

114)  Which of the following was established to continue the work of the National Task Force and establish a more permanent structure to coordinate and oversee the certification process? 114) ______
  A)  The Consortium of Professional Health Education Organizations
  B)  National Commission for Health Education Credentialing
  C)  Professional Examination Service
  D)  Role Delineation Committee
  E)  National Task Force on the Preparation and Practice of Health Educators

115)  The 1992 Joint Committee for Graduate Standards was established by the 115) ______
  A)  American Association of Health Educators.
  B)  Association for Worksite Health Promotion.
  C)  American School Health Association.
  D)  Society for Public Health Education.
  E)  American Public Health Association.

116)  A project conducted to reverify the competencies and sub-competencies of a health educator is known as the 116) ______
  A)  Responsibilities Update Project (RUP).
  B)  SABPAC Project.
  C)  Competencies Update Project (CUP).
  D)  AAHE/SOPHE Update Project (ASUP).
  E)  Dallas Project.

117)  The Competencies Update Project (CUP) was initiated to 117) ______
  A)  introduce the concept of health education certification to employers.
  B)  improve the process for obtaining continuing education hours.
  C)  introduce the concept of health education certification to health educators.
  D)  reverify the initial competencies and sub-competencies of a health educator.
  E)  to eliminate all sexist and racist language in the original competencies document.

118)  Health education programs that are affiliated with a college of education and train students for positions in school health would most likely be accredited through the 118) ______
  A)  Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH).
  B)  National Commission for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE).
  C)  National Commission for Health Education Credentialing (NCHEC).
  D)  American School Health Association (ASHA).
  E)  Society of Public Health Education/Association for the Advancement of Health Education. (SOPHE/AAHE).

119)  Schools of public health, public health programs in non-schools of public health, and master's degree programs in community health education may be accredited by the 119) ______
  A)  American School Health Association (ASHA).
  B)  Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH).
  C)  National Commission for Health Education Credentialing (NCHEC).
  D)  National Commission for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE).
  E)  Society of Public Health Education/Association for the Advancement of Health Education (SOPHE/AAHE).

120)  Undergraduate programs in school or community health may obtain accreditation/approval through the 120) ______
  A)  Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH).
  B)  National Commission for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE).
  C)  National Commission for Health Education Credentialing (NCHEC).
  D)  Society of Public Health Education and the Association for the Advancement of Health Education (SOPHE/AAHE).
  E)  American School Health Association (ASHA).