anticodon - three bases on tRNA that pairs up with a codon on RNA. (the 3 red dots)
bases - found in DNA and RNA. The sequence of these bases code for the genetic makeup of an organism.
codon - three bases on RNA that code for an amino acid.
DNA (deoxyribosenucleic acid)- macromolecule found in all organism that carries the genetic code.
fructose - a monosaccharide found in fruits
guanine - one of the four a nitrogenious bases found in DNA and RNA. Guanine is a purine base that pairs up with cytosine.
histodine - one of the 20 amino acids
lactose - a dissaccharide, sugar found in dairy products
monosaccharide - a single sugar. Some examples include glucose, fructose, and galactose
macromolecules - large molecules that are found in all living things. These are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acid.
oxygen - element that makes up all four macromolecules found in all organisms.
phosphate - a molecule that makes up other molecules such as nucleotides and ATP. (the molecule in red, this a diagram of a nucleotide)
ribosome - organelle that synthesizes proteins. Receives instructions from DNA.
saccharide - sugar
thymine- one of the four bases found in DNA. A pyrimidine that pairs up with adenine.
uracil - one of the four bases found in RNA. Pairs up with adenine.
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