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Howard B. Lee

Howard Lee
(818) 677-4863
Office location:
ST 301



  • Ph.D. 1979, University of California, Los Angeles
  • M.A. 1972, California State University, Northridge
  • B.A. 1971, University of California, Los Angeles
Specialty Areas: Psychometrics and Measurement.

Courses Taught

Selected Publications and Presentations

LGrainger, R. D., Levin, C., Allen-Byrd, L., Doctor, R. M., & Lee, H. (1997). An empirical evaluation of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) with survivors of a natural disaster. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 10(4), 665-671.

Tested the effectiveness of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) in treating trauma-related reactions for survivors of Hurricane Andrew. The results were positive in that EMDR produced significant improvement in treated survivors as opposed to wait listed controls. Improvement was seen in perceived posttraumatic avoidance behaviors and thoughts as measured by changes in the Impact of Event Scale. Significant improvement also was seen in subjective aversive reactions to representative experiences of the hurricane. These results suggest and support other studies that EMDR can be an effective therapeutic intervention for trauma reactions.

Comrey, A. L., & Lee, H. B. (1992). A first course in factor analysis (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ, USA: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

(from the introduction) The purpose of this book is to help the reader achieve some familiarity with . . . [factor analytic] methods of analysis. /// This book has been written for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and research workers who need to develop a knowledge of factor analysis, either for the purpose of understanding the published research of others or to aid them in their own research. It is presumed that most readers will have a reasonable understanding of high school geometry, algebra, trigonometry, and a course in elementary statistics, even though the concepts in these areas may not have been reviewed recently.

Brady, M. E., & Lee, H. B. (1991). Theoretical comparison of the decision theories of J. M. Keynes, Kahneman-Tversky, and Einhorn-Hogarth. Psychological-Reports, 69(1), 243-251.

Demonstrates that J. M. Keynes (1921) provided a complete decision rule that handles both the cases of nonlinear probability preferences and ambiguity or uncertainty. The approach of D. Kahneman and A. Tversky (1979) deals only with risk (nonlinear probability preferences) and does not specify a decision rule. The anchoring and adjustment rule of H. J. Einhorn and R. M. Hogarth (1985) deals only with ambiguity or uncertainty and not risk. Only Keynes's rule does both.

Brady, M. E., & Lee, H. B. (1989). Dynamics of choice behavior: The logical relation between linear objective probability and nonlinear subjective probability. Psychological-Reports, 64(1), 91-97.

In choice behavior, researchers have noticed that humans have a preference for some probabilities. It is asserted that most researchers in the past 40 yrs have been unable to account for the nonlinearity of this behavior. Although the convex shape of nonlinear subjective probabilities has been confirmed (e.g., M. G. Preston and P. Baratta, 1948), what has been lacking is a clear analysis of why the probabilities have a convex shape. Here, it is argued that J. M. Keynes ([1921] 1973) provided a logical explanation and a mathematical formula for this phenomenon.

Research and Interests

Psychometrics and Measurement