1998 Conference Proceedings

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An Innovative Training Project: Enhancing the Capacity of School Personnel in Maine to Promote the Use of Alternative Communication Strategies for Students with Disabilities

Lynn Gitlow M.Ed, OTR/L
Debbie Gilmer M.Ed.
Barbara Mintz, MA., CCC-SLP
Alan Kurtz, M. Ed.
Colette Bilodeau, Graduate Research Assistant

Center for Community Inclusion
Maine's UAP
University of Maine
5717 Corbett Hall
Orono, Maine 04469-5717

This paper presents an overview, the goals ,objectives, activities and preliminary evaluation data of an innovative training project designed to enhance the capacity of school personnel to promote the use of alternative communication strategies for children with severe communication impairments. The project entitled, Augmentative, Assistive, and Facilitated Communication, which is being conducted by The Center for Community Inclusion (CCI), Maine's UAP at the University of Maine, is funded by the Maine Department of Education. More than 100 students with multiple disabilities and more than 300 students with autism have been identified in the state of Maine. In order to assure efficacious and inclusive education for these students consistent with the Learning Results Educational Reform effort in the state, which is founded on the principles that all students given equal opportunity can learn, the aim of all students becoming clear and effective communicators is targeted in this project.

The goals of this project are

To conduct the project, ten interdisciplinary teams from 10 schools throughout the state of Maine, each supporting a student with a severe communication impairment were selected through a competitive application procedure. Following a two day workshop in which information and skill related to augmentative, alternative and facilitated communication were shared, each team worked with the project staff through monthly on-site and distance technical assistance to implement the communication system for the student and increase the teamÕs knowledge and skill for future work with students with communication impairments. Dissemination activities to make essential knowledge and skill guidance available statewide are planned.

Project Procedures

Initially, the project was publicized through on-line posting and mailings to special education administrators, parents, professional organizations and associations and all school districts. The competitive application materials were then distributed following which ten demonstration teams and students were selected for participation.

In order to be considered for the project the following criteria needed to be addressed in the application materials completed by each team:

Of the 21 applications that were received 19 met the five inclusion criteria. The eligible applicants were evaluated and ten were selected based on need and the extent to which their desired outcomes as specified on the application were consistent with the intent of the project. To illustrate , the following is an example of a desired outcome articulated by one of the teams accepted into the project: "M's medications have been decreased over the past six months and she will be off all medication at the end of October. As a result of this decrease, M has become more interactive with her environment... The team feels that this is an ideal time to attempt to develop a communication system for M. The team feels that we have many pieces but need help in coordinating a program."

An additional outcome articulated by the same team was "to use the information gained to develop communications systems for at least four other students within this district."

An example of an application that did not meet the criteria for the project was submitted by a special education teacher. No documentation regarding a recent communication assessment indicating the need for augmentative, assistive, and or/ facilitated communication was included with the application. Additionally no team members were identified on the application.

The initial two day workshop was designed to focus on the ten teams' development of expert knowledge and skill in the following areas:

The agenda for the workshop was tailored to address the results of a needs assessment included in the application materials. The topics for the workshop were:

Additionally, all teams were given time to network with each other as they requested and share their strength and concerns as related to the project. Assistive technology, augmentative and alternative communication devices were made available by both the project staff and the ten teams for hands on experience.

Attendance at the workshops revealed that members of all teams participated in booth workshops

Although planned, completion of the TAP by the end of the second workshop was not accomplished by the teams and later deadline was set. Several issues may have impacted the teams' ability to complete the TAP. For example, one team needed additional time to establish a time to meet on a regular basis. This team required planning which took longer than the Oct. 29 workshop to establish these regular meeting times. Another team was unable to establish a meeting time where all team members could meet to complete the TAP and needed to have team members work on the plan separately. Another issue that may have impacted the development of the TAP is that factors affecting some teams frequently changed during the project year. For example one student who was undergoing medication change, was unable to participate in classroom activities on a regular basis for several months of the project. This fluctuating status made it difficult for the team to assess the students needs for an augmentative assistive technology system although initial goals have been developed. Another student was removed from his home by the Department of Human Services and relocated into another school district. Despite these factors all but two teams had completed the TAP by the expanded deadline,. The evaluation data regarding the ability of the technical staff to meet the TAP of each team is ongoing and additional factors affecting the TAP process will be part of the project evaluation,

As part of the TAP, the project staff have been providing on-site technical assistance to each team on a monthly basis. along with on line and phone contact available to each team. In addition to providing the ten school based teams with support. Thirteen students have been provided with technical assistance by various members of the project team. Assistance has included the following:

Project activities which still remain to be completed include:


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