Courses

BIOL 100. Introductory Biology (3)

Not for credit in Biology major. May not be taken for credit by students who have completed BIOL 101, 102, 106 or 107. Analysis of selected topics illustrating major biological concepts, including ecology, evolution, heredity and organismal and cellular structure and physiology. Primarily designed for non-science majors. Lecture 3 hours. (Students using this course to …

BIOL 100L. Introductory Biology Lab (1)

Recommended Corequisite: BIOL 100. Not for credit in Biology major. Observations, experiments, demonstrations and required field trips to augment Introductory Biology. Emphasis on the methods of science, basic biological principles, the natural environment and the effects of human activity on the environment. Lab 3 hours. (May be used to satisfy the Natural Sciences lab requirement …

BIOL 101/L. General Biology and Lab (3/1)

Corequisite: BIOL 101L. Not for credit in Biology major and may not be taken for credit by students who have completed BIOL 106 or 107. Analysis of selected topics illustrating major concepts in biology, including evolution, environmental relationships, heredity, the cell, energetics and functions of living systems, and development. Available for General Education, Natural Sciences, …

BIOL 102/L. Biological Concepts and Lab (3/1)

Prerequisite: For Liberal Studies majors only or instructor consent. Corequisite: BIOL 102L. Not open for credit in the Biology major or for students who have already completed BIOL 100, 101, 106 or 107. Analysis of selected topics illustrating major biological concepts, including ecology, evolution, heredity, organismal and cellular structure, presented in the context of the …

BIOL 106/L. Biological Principles I and Lab (3/1)

Corequisite: BIOL 106L. Primarily for Biology majors. Half of a two-semester sequence that includes BIOL 107/L. Selected topics illustrating major concepts in biology, including the scientific process, heredity, evolution, taxonomy and systematics, ecology and animal behavior. Observations, experiments and demonstrations. Emphasis on unifying biological concepts and methods in science. (Available for General Education, Natural Sciences, …

BIOL 107/L. Biological Principles II and Lab (3/1)

Corequisite: BIOL 107L. Recommended Corequisite or Preparatory: CHEM 102/L. Half of a two-semester sequence that includes BIOL 106/L. Selected topics illustrating major concepts in biology, including biological chemistry, cells, molecular genetics, animal development and plant and animal physiology. Observations, experiments and demonstrations. Emphasis on unifying biological concepts and methods in science. (Available for General Education, …

BIOL 211. Human Anatomy (2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 101/L or 106/L and 107/L. Corequisite: BIOL 212. Not for credit in Biology major. Survey of the gross anatomy and histology of the major human organ systems, including the muscle, skeletal, digestive, circulatory, respiratory, excretory, endocrine and reproductive systems. Lecture 2 hours.

BIOL 212. Laboratory Studies in Human Anatomy (1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 101/L or 106/L and 107/L. Corequisite: BIOL 211. Not for credit in Biology major. Examination of the anatomy and histology of the major organ systems by dissection and microscopic study. Lab three hours.

BIOL 215/L. Introductory Microbiology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 101/L or 106/L and 107/L passed with grades of C or better; CHEM 102/L or 104. Corequisite: BIOL 215L. Preparatory: BIOL 281 or CHEM 235. Introduction to the biology of major groups of microorganisms, including their role in infectious diseases, their role in nature and their relationship to humankind. Lecture 2 hours, lab …

BIOL 241. Human Pregnancy and Embryology (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 100 or 101/L or 102/L or 106/L or 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Available for Biology minor credit but not for Biology major. Description of biological events leading up to ovulation, emission, conception, implantation and pregnancy, and the resulting stages of human development, including placenta development and birth, with a …

BIOL 241L. Human Pregnancy and Embryology Lab (1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 100/L or 101/L or 102/L or 106/L or 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Recommended Corequisite: BIOL 241. Not for credit in Biology major. Observation of slides, preserved specimens and plastic models demonstrating male and female gamete production; changes of uterus and ovary during menstrual cycle and pregnancy; normal and abnormal …

BIOL 281. Human Physiology (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 101/L or 106 and 107/L. Survey of the physiology of nerve and muscle, as well as the digestive, circulatory, respiratory, excretory, endocrine and reproductive systems. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 282. Lab Experiments in Human Physiology (1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 101/L or 106/L and 107/L. Recommended Corequisite: BIOL 281. Selected lab experiments in human physiology. Lab three hours.

BIOL 285. Biology of Cancer (2)

Not for credit in Biology major. Study of the disease of cancer from a biological viewpoint, emphasizing the cellular, biochemical and environmental aspects of the disease with discussion on the types of cancer, their diagnosis and treatment. Lecture 2 hours. (Available for General Education, Lifelong Learning.)

BIOL 299A-C. Introduction to Biological Research (1-3)

Prerequisite: Instructor Consent. Not for credit in Biology major. Introduction to original biological literature and the use of the scientific method in investigating biological problems. Under the guidance of a faculty mentor, students take part in individual lab or field studies, including the reading and discussion of the literature pertinent to the study. May be …

BIOL 310/L. Functional Human Anatomy and Lab (3/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 101/L or 106/L and 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Recommended Corequisite: BIOL 310L. Designed for students who desire a more complete study of the gross and microscopic anatomy of the organ systems of the human body than is presented in BIOL 211. Functional relationships between the organ systems are stressed. …

BIOL 312/L. Vertebrate Biology and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 101/L or 106/L and 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisites: BIOL 312L, 392F. Introduction to the biology of vertebrates, including aspects of their evolution, ecology, life history and behavior. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 313/L. Invertebrate Zoology and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 101/L or 106/L and 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisites: BIOL 313L, 392B. Biology and classification of the invertebrate animals, with emphasis on marine forms. Evolutionary and adaptive implications of form and function will be considered. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 315/L. Principles of Microbiology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: 106/L, 107/L passed with grades of C or better; CHEM 102/L. Corequisite: BIOL 315L. Preparatory: CHEM 333. Credit will not be allowed for both BIOL 215 and 315. Introduction to the biology of microorganisms with emphasis on the bacteria. General course designed for Biology majors and students who wish to pursue further study in microbiology or …

BIOL 316/L. Plant Biology and Lab (3/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 101/L or 106/L and 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisite: BIOL 316L. Survey course covering those aspects of cytology, physiology, systematics, anatomy, morphology and ecology unique to plants. Lecture 3 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 317/L. Microbes and Society and Lab (3/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 100/L or 101/L or 102/L or 106/L or 107/L; Completion of Lower Division writing requirement. Corequisite: BIOL 317L. Introduces microorganisms and how they influence all life on Earth. Students will explore the workings of microbes and their influence on history, medicine, economics, the environment and human lives through lectures, assigned readings, videos, writing …

BIOL 322. Evolutionary Biology (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 101/L or 106/L and 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Introduction to the mechanisms of evolution, drawing heavily on relevant principles in ecology, population genetics and systematics. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 323. Plants and Animals of Southern California (3)

Prerequisite: Completion of Lower Division writing requirement. Corequisite: BIOL 392E. For non-science majors to acquaint them with the classification, behavior, ecology and distribution of the more important plants and animals of Southern California. Lecture 3 hours. (Students using this course to satisfy a General Education requirement in Natural Sciences will satisfy the corresponding lab requirement …

BIOL 325/L. Life in the Sea and Lab (3/1)

Prerequisite: Completion of Lower Division writing requirement. Not for credit in Biology major. From the shore to the depths, analysis of the diversity of life in the world’s oceans with emphasis on the Southern California biota. (Lecture and Lab available for General Education, Natural Sciences.) (IC)

BIOL 326A-Z. Regional Excursions (1-4)

Prerequisite: Upper Division standing. Extended field excursions during vacation periods to selected regions of the world, emphasizing the United States and Mexico, for the study of the natural history of these regions.

BIOL 327. Ecology and People (3)

Prerequisite: Completion of the Lower Division writing requirement. Our influence on the environment and the influence of the environment on us. Lecture 3 hours. (Available for General Education, Lifelong Learning.) (IC)

BIOL 330/L. Design and Analysis of Experiments and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/L, 107/L passed with grades of C or better; One of the following: MATH 105, 140 or 255A. Corequisite: BIOL 330L. Structuring biological experiments to maximize useful results and presenting the results graphically and quantitatively. Although emphasis is placed on data collected during ecological field trips, other kinds of biological experiments are also …

BIOL 360. Genetics (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 101/L or BIOL 106/L and BIOL 107/L passed with grades of C or better; CHEM 101/L or CHEM 103/L; MATH 105 or (MATH 102+104) or MPT2A; Completion of the Lower Division writing requirement. Role of genes in heredity, development, cellular metabolism and function of organisms; introduction of cytogenetics, genomics and molecular genetics; genetic basis of human disease, including …

BIOL 362/L. Genetics and Society Lab (3/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 100/L or 101/L or 102/L or 106/L or 107/L passed with grades of C or better; Completion of the Lower Division writing requirement. Corequisite: BIOL 362L. Introduction to current topics in genetics and their impact on society and life, in language that is non-technical. Learn about the application of genetics to agriculture, environment, …

BIOL 375. Emerging Issues in Regenerative Medicine (3)

Prerequisite: Completion of Lower Division writing requirement. Basic concepts, experimental approaches and the therapeutic potential of human embryonic stem cells, human adult stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells in regenerative medicine will be discussed in this course. The politics and ethics of this emerging field of medicine and how these will affect you will …

BIOL 380. Cell Biology (3)

Prerequisites: Either BIOL 101/L or BIOL 106/L and 107/L passed with grades of C or better; CHEM 102/L or 104. Preparatory: CHEM 235 or 333. Study of the organization of cells with emphasis on structure, chemical composition, bioenergetics, metabolism, regulation of the metabolism, cell differentiation and special cell functions. (BIOL 381 is required of Biology …

BIOL 381. Cell Biology Lab (1)

Prerequisites: Either BIOL 101/L or 106/L and 107/L passed with grades of C or better; CHEM 102/L or 104. Preparatory: CHEM 235 or 333. Recommended Corequisite: BIOL 380. Basic lab techniques in cell biology, including calorimetry and spectrophotometry, centrifugation, enzymological assays, respirometry, cell counting and molecular methods. Lab 3 hours. (Required of Biology majors in B.S. Options I and IV.)

BIOL 392B-F. Field Studies in Biology (1)

(B) Invertebrate Zoology Corequisite: BIOL 313/L; (E) Plants and Animals of Southern California Corequisite: BIOL 323; and (F) 392F. Vertebrate Zoology Corequisite: BIOL 312/L. 3 hours per week or equivalent. Course Fee.

BIOL 403/L. Plant Morphology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/L, 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisite: BIOL 403L. Structure and evolution of plants; comparative lifecycles and reproductive mechanisms in the major phyla. Lecture 2 hours, lab 6 hours.

BIOL 406/L. Flowering Plant Systematics and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/L, 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisites: BIOL 406L, 492K. Classification, identification and evolutionary relationships of flowering plants. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 407/L. Plant Ecology and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisites: BIOL 407L, 492N. Examination of plants and their habitats from an ecological and evolutionary perspective. Concepts of adaptation, species diversity and biological change over time are stressed. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 408/L. Applied Microbiology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 101/L or 106/L and 107/L passed with grades of C or better, 215/L or 315/L. Corequisite: BIOL 408L. Examination of the role of microbes and their control in the production and deterioration of foods, in industry, in agriculture, in waste disposal and in the production of energy. Lecture 2 hours, lab 6 hours.

BIOL 409/L. Non-Flowering Plants and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 106/L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisites: 409L, 492J. The diversity of land plants other than angiosperms (mosses, ferns, conifers, etc.): their phylogeny, life cycles, ecological niches, biogeography, identification and comparative biology. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 410/L. Medical Microbiology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 315 and BIOL 380 passed with grades of C or better; BIOL 315L; CHEM 101/L or CHEM 103/L; MATH 105 or (MATH 102+104) or MPT2A; Completion of the Lower Division writing requirement. Corequisite: BIOL 410L. Study of microbial pathogens with emphasis on bacterial mechanisms of pathogenicity, diagnosis, chemotherapy and host interaction. Available for …

BIOL 411/L. Animal Histology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/L, 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisite: BIOL 411L. Preparatory: CHEM 334. Microscopical and histochemical analysis of mammalian cells as organized into tissue and organ systems. Lecture 2 hours, lab 6 hours.

BIOL 415/L. Mammalogy and Lab (3)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisite: BIOL 492M. Classification, ethology and ecology of mammals. Adaptive and evolutionary significance of form and function are considered. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 417/L. Microbial Physiology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisite: BIOL 215/L or 315/L. Corequisite: BIOL 417L. Preparatory: CHEM 333; BIOL 380. Metabolism and special physiology of microbial forms of life, with special emphasis on the bacteria. Lecture 2 hours, lab 6 hours.

BIOL 418/L. Bacterial Diversity and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisite: BIOL 315/L. Corequisite: BIOL 418L. Analysis of evolution, diversity and relationships among the bacteria, as illustrated by a detailed study of the more specialized groups of bacteria with regard to cell form, habitat and developmental abilities. Lecture 2 hours, lab 6 hours.

BIOL 419/L. Microbial Ecology and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 315/L. Corequisites: BIOL 419L, 492C. Examination of the natural distribution of bacteria, fungi, algae and protozoa in the biosphere and a study of the physical, chemical and biological factors that govern their distribution. Inquiry into the role of microbes as they interact directly and indirectly with higher organisms in the ecosystem. Lecture 2 hours, …

BIOL 421/L. Marine Biology and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/L, 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisites: BIOL 421L, 492B. Preparatory: BIOL 322. Marine life of the world with special emphasis on the shore and shallow sea. Identification, distribution, physiological and morphological adaptation of marine forms. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 422/L. Physiological Ecology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisite: BIOL 106/L, 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisite: BIOL 422L. Preparatory: BIOL 322. Study of physiological, morphological and behavioral responses of organisms to physical environmental factors such as temperature, light and water salinity. Lecture 2 hours, lab 6 hours.

BIOL 423. Field Ecology (2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/L, 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisite: BIOL 492F. Techniques used in studying population dynamics, the development and functioning of biological communities and the interaction among organisms in the natural environment. Lecture 2 hours.

BIOL 426/L. Biology of Deserts and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisites: BIOL 426L, 492P. Study of life in deserts with emphasis on the organisms of the deserts of Southwestern U.S.; structural, physiological and behavioral adaptations for survival; identification and ecology of desert organisms; techniques for studying desert ecology. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 427/L. Principles of Ecology and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisites: BIOL 427L, 492H. Lectures summarize the major concepts and controversies of ecology. Discussions and activities focus on case studies from the classic and recent original literature. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 428/L. Wildlife Ecology and Management and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisites: BIOL 428L, 492W. Recommended Preparatory: BIOL 330/L. Study and application of ecological principles used in the management of wildlife. Practical examination of management techniques and tools used in monitoring and managing wildlife populations, include censusing techniques, measurement and analysis of vital rates, and population modeling techniques. Course is computationally and writing …

BIOL 431/L. Food Microbiology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 215/L, 315/L or equivalent. Corequisite: BIOL 431L. The biology, ecology and physiology of microorganisms associated with food and beverage production, preservation, spoilage, food borne illness and contamination control. Procedures and techniques for isolation, detection, identification and enumeration of food microorganisms. Methods and principles for controlling microbial contamination and preventing growth of undesirable microorganisms …

BIOL 432/L. Comparative Anatomy and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/L, 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisite: BIOL 432L. Evolution of vertebrate structure. Comparative morphology and function of vertebrate systems. Lecture 2 hours, lab 6 hours. Available for graduate credit.

BIOL 433/L. Biology of Marine Tetrapods and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 106/L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisite: BIOL 433L. Recommended preparatory: BIOL 322. Several groups of reptiles, birds and mammals exhibit many specializations for living in the marine realm. These animals are secondarily adapted to the marine environment, having evolved from terrestrial ancestors. This course will explore the evolution, diversity, ecology and …

BIOL 435/L. Parasitology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/L, 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisite: BIOL 435L. Study of the biology of parasites and other symbionts. Lecture 2 hours, lab 6 hours.

BIOL 437/L. Biology of Fungi and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 315/L; BIOL 380; CHEM 333. Corequisites: BIOL 437L; 492V. Recommended Preparatory: BIOL 407/L; BIOL 492N. A survey of the diversity of fungi, their phylogeny, genetics, structure, life cycles, habitats, mutualisms, pathogenesis and laboratory identification. Field trips are conducted to collect macroscopic and microscopic fungi as well as mutualistic and non-human pathogenic microscopic fungi. Macroscopic …

BIOL 441/L. Embryology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisite: BIOL 360 or 380. Corequisite: BIOL 441L. Cellular, physiological and anatomical aspects of embryonic development with emphasis on vertebrates. Mechanisms of morphogenesis and differentiation. Lecture 2 hours, lab 6 hours.

BIOL 447/L. Full Immersion Research Experience (FIRE) and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 380; CHEM 333, 334; PHYS 100A, 100B. Corequisite: BIOL 447L. Innovative undergraduate experience in creativity that invites participants to engage scientific research in its fullness as co-learners. Student-initiated ideas ascend through a system of collaborative and independent strategies involving peer review, recitation, tutorials, experimental work and oral and written communication. Lecture 2 hours, …

BIOL 467/L. Bacterial Genetics and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisite: BIOL 315/L. Corequisite: BIOL 467L. Recommended preparatory: BIOL 380; CHEM 333. A survey of the genetic systems found in bacteria and their viruses including, transformation, conjugation, transduction, mutant isolation, complementation, plasmids, transposons, gene expression and regulation. Viral replication, recombination and interaction with their bacterial hosts are investigated from a genetic perspective. The laboratory consists …

BIOL 468. Human Genetics (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 360; MATH 105 or 140 or score on Math Placement Test (MPT) sufficient for admission to MATH 255A. Study of variation and heredity in humans. Includes immunogenetics, polygenic inheritance and population genetics, as well as abnormalities of chromosomes and metabolism and their consequences. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 470. Biotechnology (3)

Prerequisite: BIOL 360. Recommended Corequisite or Preparatory: BIOL 380. Application of organisms, biological systems and processes to manufacturing and service industries. Role of microorganisms in industrial, agricultural and pharmaceutical processes, biologically produced sources of energy, single cell protein, waste management, mining and other areas. Impact of genetic engineering; enzyme biotechnology; recent advances in the genetics …

BIOL 476. Topics in Stem Cell Biology (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 360, 380. Student analyses of novel biological methods associated with emerging stem cell technologies. Topics will include types and development of stem cells, a detailed examination of relevant stem cell techniques and the ethical issues surrounding this technology. Not available for graduate credit.

BIOL 481/L. Plant Physiology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 380; CHEM 334. Corequisite: BIOL 481L. Plant functions: photosynthesis, respiration, cell mechanics, growth and water relationships. Lecture 2 hours, lab 6 hours.

BIOL 482/L. Animal Physiology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisite: BIOL 380. Corequisite: BIOL 482L. Preparatory: PHYS 100A/L; 100B/L; CHEM 334. Examination of the processes and mechanisms by which organisms maintain themselves and interact with their environment. Adaptive significance of physiologic mechanisms is treated under certain topics. Lecture 2 hours, lab 6 hours.

BIOL 485/L. Immunology with Serology Lab (2/2)

Prerequisite: BIOL 380. Corequisite: BIOL 485L. Preparatory: BIOL 381. Study of the immune response examining humoral and cellular immunity, the nature, structure and reactions of antigens and antibodies, mediators of immunity, hypersensitivity and immuno-hematology. The lab emphasizes the principles and uses of serological methods for evaluation of the immune response. Lecture 2 hours, lab 6 …

BIOL 487/L. Hematology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 380; CHEM 334. Corequisite: BIOL 487L. Histological, biochemical and clinical diagnostic study of blood, blood cell formation, iron metabolism, blood pathology and practical lab technology. Lecture 2 hours, lab 6 hours.

BIOL 490. Tutorial Studies (1)

Prerequisite: With consent of instructor, open to senior Biology majors. Supervised individual projects involving reading and discussion, lab research or field studies in specific areas of biology. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 units. Does not carry graduate credit toward the M.S. degree in Biology.

BIOL 492A-Z. Field Studies in Biology (1-2)

The 400-level courses are available for graduate credit. Course fee. One unit each, 3 hours per week or equivalent: 492B. Marine Biology (Corequisite: BIOL 421/L) 492C. Microbial Ecology (Corequisite: BIOL 419/L) 492G. Ecological Modeling (Corequisite: BIOL 424/L) 492H. Principles of Ecology (Corequisite: BIOL 427/L) 492J. Non-flowering Plants (Corequisite: BIOL 409/L) 492K. Flowering Plant Systematics (Corequisite: …

BIOL 492V. Fungi Field Studies (1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 315/L; BIOL 380; CHEM 333. Corequisite: BIOL 437/L. Recommended Preparatory: BIOL 407/L; BIOL 492N. A field survey of the natural distribution of fungi in Southern California, including examination of their direct and indirect associations with other organisms within the ecosystems in which they occur. Procedures and techniques for collection, identification, enumeration and isolation …

BIOL 495A-E. Directed Undergraduate Research (3)

Designed for students of advanced rank and proven competence in Biology. Program of original research, culminating in a written report, to be carried out with one of the Biology faculty. May be repeated for credit but no more than 3 units may be applied to the elective section of options that allows its use. 495A. …

BIOL 496A-Z. Experimental Topics in Biology (2-4)

Special studies in Biology with topics to be determined.

BIOL 497EE. Supervised Off-Campus Experiential Education (1-6)

Not for graduate credit toward M.S. Degree in Biology. Student work experiences that are planned, organized and evaluated by faculty in cooperation with organizations other than the University’s academic departments. No remuneration for this work may be received in addition to academic credit. Academic/Internship course. (Credit/No Credit only)

BIOL 498. Senior Thesis (2)

Prerequisites: Senior standing in Biology; Consent of instructor. Recommended Corequisite or Preparatory: BIOL 330, 499. Student selects and does original research on a topic of current biological interest in consultation with a sponsoring faculty member. Results of this research are presented both orally and in a written report in scientific format.

BIOL 499. Independent Study (1-3)

Not for graduate credit toward M.S. Degree in Biology. Maximum of 3 units of Independent Study may be applied to satisfy unit requirements of Elective Areas for the baccalaureate degree in Biology.

BIOL 502. Biometry (3)

Application of quantitative methods to variation patterns in biological systems, their analysis and interpretation. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 502L. Biometry Lab (1)

Corequisite: BIOL 502. Students have supervised time to work problem sets. Lab 3 hours.

BIOL 503/L. Bioinformatics and Lab (3/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 360, 322. Corequisite: BIOL 503L. Bioinformatics tools (statistics and computer analysis) and their application to molecular data analysis. Lecture 3 hours, computer lab 3 hours.

BIOL 504/L. Phycology and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/L, 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisites: BIOL 504L, 592P. Preparatory: BIOL 322. Study of the algae with emphasis on their systematics, morphology, physiology and ecology. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 506/L. Tropical Botany and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisites: Students taking this course must also be enrolled in other linked courses that are part of the Tropical Biology semester. Preparatory: BIOL 312, 316, 330, 427. Intensive, hands-on immersion into the biology of tropical plants, including tropical plant anatomy, architecture, morphology, biochemistry, reproduction, systematics and evolution. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 …

BIOL 507/L. Tropical Ecology and Conservation and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisites: Students taking this course must also be enrolled in other linked courses that are part of the Tropical Biology semester. Preparatory: BIOL 312, 316, 330, 427. Intensive, hands-on immersion in the ecology and conservation of tropical organisms and ecosystems. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 508/L. Biology of Tropical Vertebrates and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisites: Students taking this course must also be enrolled in other linked courses that are part of the Tropical Biology semester. Preparatory: BIOL 312, 316, 330, 427. Intensive, hands-on immersion into the biology of tropical vertebrates, including morphology, behavior, ecology, systematics and evolution. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 509/592U. Tropical Biodiversity and Field Study (2/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisites: Students taking this course must also be enrolled in other linked courses that are part of the Tropical Biology semester. Preparatory: BIOL 312, 316, 330, 427. Examination of the generation and maintenance of biodiversity, with particular reference to tropical groups of organisms. Lectures, discussions and intensive hands on field experience.

BIOL 510. Seminar On Topics in Tropical Biology (3)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisites: Students taking this course must also be enrolled in other linked courses that are part of the Tropical Biology semester. Preparatory: BIOL 312, 316, 330, 427. Seminar addressing topics in tropical biology in the context of physical science, culture and politics.

BIOL 511/L. Molecular Markers in Evolutionary Studies and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 322, 360. Corequisite: BIOL 511L. The use of molecular data in ecology and evolutionary biology. Material will cover techniques and applications of molecular data in conservation, behavior, ecology, population biology, evolution and systematics. Lecture 2 hours, lab 6 hours

BIOL 512/L. Herpetology and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/L, 107/L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisites: BIOL 512L, 592E. Biology, ecology and evolution of amphibians and reptiles. Adaptive significance of form and function is stressed. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 513/L. Entomology and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 106/L, 107L passed with grades of C or better. Corequisites: BIOL 513L, 592F. Biology and classification of insects with emphasis on phylogeny and on adaptive implications of morphology. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 514/L. Avian Ecology and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisites: BIOL 514L, 592A. Consideration of the interactions between birds and their environment, including such topics as habitat requirements, resource utilization, species interactions, territoriality and reproduction. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 524. Tropical Biology (3)

Prerequisites: Biology major; BIOL 322 or equivalent. Preparatory: At least 1 course that deals with the evolution and ecology of a major group of organisms. Examination of life functions and biotic interactions under conditions occurring in low latitude environments. Emphasis on characteristics and evolution of tropical biotas and their significance in relation to the total …

BIOL 525. Animal Behavior (3)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Recommended Corequisite: BIOL 592D. Ecology, genetics and evolution of behavior in vertebrates and invertebrates with emphasis on organisms in their natural environment. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 526A-E. Extended Field Study (3)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor, typically following prior coursework on the topic. Preparatory: BIOL 322. First-hand field work on a selected group of organisms at selected locations, to be complemented by readings on the evolution and ecology of the organisms and locations. Projects typically involve species identification, the application of censusing designs, data collection, statistical analysis, …

BIOL 527/L. Biology of Pelagic Organisms and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisites: BIOL 527L, 592L. Survey of organisms occupying the open ocean environment; ecological, morphological and physiological adaptations of selected groups; population dynamics, community structure and fisheries biology. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 528/L. Behavioral Ecology and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisites: 528L, 592B. Study of the interactions between individuals and the environment. Emphasis placed on the behavioral adaptations of animals. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 529/L. Marine Ecology and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisites: BIOL 529L, 592I. Marine community structure and dynamics. Study of the open seas, rocky and sandy shores, and bays are used to illustrate the basic features of marine communities. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 530/L. Ichthyology and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisites: 530L, 592J. Biology, ecology and evolution of fish. Emphasis placed on adaptive significance of form and function. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 531/L. Ecology of Marine Fishes and Lab (2/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 530/L, 592J. Corequisites: BIOL 531L, 592Q. Species assemblages, general ecology, adaptations and behavioral ecology of near shore marine fishes. Lecture 2 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 532/L. Advanced Ichthyology and Lab (3/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 530/L, 592J; Graduate standing. Corequisite: BIOL 532L. Advanced topics in ichthyology and fisheries biology. Advanced biosystematics of fishes; reproduction; age and growth; ecology, including feeding and community structure. Lecture 3 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 533. Conservation Biology (3)

Prerequisite: BIOL 322. Corequisite: BIOL 592C. Application of ecological and evolutionary principles to problems in environmental biology. Factors affecting biodiversity and causes of species extinction receive particular attention. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 536. Medical Mycology (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 315/L, 380. Study of mycotic pathogens; their morphology and pathogenicity, including diagnosis and treatment of fungal diseases. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 542/L. Developmental Biology and Lab (3/1)

Prerequisites: BIOL 360, 380. Corequisite: BIOL 542L. The mechanisms of cell and organ differentiation in animals (e.g., Caenorhabditis) and plants (e.g., Arabidopsis). The majority of topics involve working with mutants and wildtypes on the relationship between genetics and phenotypes. Some lab projects will use RNA-interference technologies.

BIOL 544. Biology of Viruses (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 360, 380. Comparative survey of the structure, gene expression and replication of viruses. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 551/L. Computer Modeling in Biology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 322, 360. Corequisite: BIOL 551L. Selected topics illustrating methods of computer modeling of biological systems. Students will be introduced in lecture and in computer laboratories to programming skills related to biological sciences and statistical analysis, including population genetics, cellular and molecular biology, physiological biology and ecology. Emphasis on understanding the role that computer …

BIOL 560. Advanced Topics in Evolution (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 322, 360. Critical discussion of selected topics in evolutionary biology such as adaptation, speciation, molecular evolution, key innovations, social evolution and coevolution. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 561. The Molecular Genetics of Microorganisms (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 360, 380; CHEM 333. Discussion of the molecular structure of the gene, the chemistry of gene action, mutagenic agents and genetic control mechanisms in microorganisms. Emphasis placed on experimental basis for current concepts in molecular genetics. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 562. Molecular Genetics of Eukaryotic Organisms (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 360, 380; CHEM 333, 334. Examination of the structure and function of chromatin, the structure of DNA and its associated proteins in chromosomes, replication of DNA and chromatin, transcription, RNA processing, recombination and the regulation of gene expression in eukaryotes. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 563. Cytogenetics (3)

Prerequisite: BIOL 360. Correlated study of genetics and cytology in which the genetic results of chromosomal changes are investigated. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 564. Human Biochemical Genetics (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 360; CHEM 461 and 462, or 464 or 365. Focus on different sources of human biochemical defects, the detection of such disorders and their treatment. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 566. Genetics of Bacteria and Their Viruses (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 315/L, 360. Study of the genetic systems found in bacteria, including transformation, conjugation and transduction. Viral replication, recombination and interaction with their bacterial hosts are investigated from a genetic perspective. Transposable elements, plasmids and other selected topics of current interest in this field are explored. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 567. Medical Genetics (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 360; MATH 105 or 140 or a score on the Mathematics Placement Test (MPT) sufficient for admission to MATH 255A. Lecture and case presentations of the clinical, cytogenetic, biochemical, molecular and developmental aspects of human diseases and characters’ knowledge that is necessary for the practice of medical genetics. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 568. Clinical Cytogenetics and Cancer Genetics (3)

Prerequisite: BIOL 468. Examination of the cytogenetics of human cancers and of hereditary predisposition to cancer, including rare and common familial cancer syndromes, risk assessment and surveillance, epidemiology and current research, ethics and genetic counseling in genetic risk assessment for cancer. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 571. Molecular Diagnostics (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 360; MATH 105 or 140 or score on the Math Placement Test (MPT) sufficient for admission to MATH 225A. Survey of current techniques, applications and goals of molecular genetics research, including cloning strategies and techniques, genetic engineering techniques, progress in the Human Genome Project and related work, gene therapy and ethical ramifications. Lecture …

BIOL 572/L. Recombinant DNA Techniques and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 360; CHEM 102/L. Corequisite: BIOL 572L. Preparatory: BIOL 380. Handling and processing of recombinant DNA, including DNA isolation, use of restriction enzymes, gel electrophoresis, ligation, cloning, blots, hybridization and associated microbiological techniques. Lecture 2 hours, lab 6 hours.

BIOL 575/L. Biological Imaging and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisite: BIOL 380. Corequisite: BIOL 575L. Theoretical and practical aspects of imaging as applied to cellular and molecular biology, biotechnology and histology. Covers transmission and scanning electron microscopy, and light microscopy, including confocal microscopy, as well as MRI, PET and CAT scanning. Computer image processing and analysis, and the use of ultramicrotomy, fluorescent labels and …

BIOL 577/L. Cell and Tissue Culture and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisite: BIOL 380. Corequisite: BIOL 577L. Preparatory: BIOL 315/L. Theoretical and practical studies of animal and plant cell cultures. Techniques for primary and continuous cultures and the production of hybridomas and monoclonal antibodies are covered. Other topics include cell culture storage, karyotyping, somatic embryogenesis, cytodifferentiation and application of cell cultures in solving biological problems. Lectures …

BIOL 580/L. Cellular Physiology and Lab (2/2)

Prerequisites: BIOL 380; CHEM 334. Corequisite: BIOL 580L. In-depth consideration of cellular physicochemistry, including organellar structure, composition and function, macromolecular biosynthesis, metabolism, membrane transport and bioelectric phenomena. 8 class hours of integrated lecture and lab.

BIOL 581. Endocrinology (3)

Prerequisite: BIOL 380. Preparatory: BIOL 281 or BIOL 482. A comprehensive study of the organization and function of the major endocrine organs. Lectures will focus on the hormonal control mechanisms that regulate metabolism, reproduction, development and growth. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 582/L. Principles of Neurophysiology and Lab (3/1)

Prerequisite: BIOL 380. Preparatory: BIOL 482 or 580; CHEM 334; PHYS 100A, 100B. Recommended Corequisite: BIOL 582L. Examination of the structure, function and physiological principles of the nervous system. Surveys neuroanatomy, molecular neurobiology, sensory reception and relevant human neurological disorders. Lecture 3 hours, lab 3 hours.

BIOL 585. Mechanisms of Bacterial Pathogenesis (3)

Prerequisite: BIOL 315/L, 380. Preparatory: BIOL 410/L. Intensive study of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of bacterial pathogenesis, including the contribution of the host response, with emphasis on recent developments and comparative principles. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 589. Cellular Immunology (3)

Prerequisite: BIOL 485. Advanced studies on the cellular interactions and mechanisms of the immune response, including clinical aspects of cell-mediated reactions and immunologic disorders. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 592A-T. Field Studies in Biology (1-2)

Course Fee. One unit each, 3 hours per week or equivalent: 592A. Avian Ecology (Corequisite: BIOL 514/L) 592B. Behavioral Ecology (Corequisite: BIOL 528/L) 592C. Conservation Biology (Corequisite: BIOL 533) 592D. Animal Behavior (Corequisite: BIOL 525) 592E. Herpetology (Corequisite: BIOL 512/L) 592F. Entomology (Corequisite: BIOL 513/L) 592I. Marine Ecology (Corequisite: BIOL 529/L) 592J. Ichthyology (Corequisite: BIOL …

BIOL 615A-G. Seminar in Organismal and Population Biology (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 691; One or more 400-level courses in the area of specialization; Graduate status. Advanced study, including student preparation and presentation of reports, in one of the following areas of biology: (A) Systematics and Phylogeny; (B) Morphology; (C) Ecology; (D) Ethology; (E) Biogeography; (F) Evolution; and (G) Tropical Biology.

BIOL 641. Biochemistry of Animal Development (3)

Prerequisite: BIOL 441 or 542. Advanced study in the mechanistic approach to the study of development of animals. Topics include biochemical control mechanisms of metabolism, gene activity, cell motility and adhesion and pattern formation. Lecture 3 hours.

BIOL 655A-J. Seminar in Cellular and Molecular Biology (3)

Prerequisites: BIOL 691; One or more 400-level courses in the area of specialization; Graduate status. Advanced study, including student preparation and presentation of reports, in one of the following areas of biology: (A) Microbiology; (B) Cellular Biology; (C) Development; (D) Genetics; (E) Physiology; (F) Immunology; (G) Molecular Biology; (H) Biotechnology; (I) Molecular Evolution; and (J) …

BIOL 690. Graduate Tutorial (1)

Supervised individual projects involving reading and discussion, lab research or field studies in specific areas of biology. No more than 2 units may be credited toward the Master’s degree and they may not be taken concurrently. (Under special circumstances, unclassified graduate students may be permitted to take the course.)

BIOL 691. Graduate Proseminar (3)

Recommended to be taken early in the graduate program in preparation for further graduate coursework and the presentation of papers at professional meetings. Preparation and presentation of seminars based on current literature in biology.

BIOL 692. Biology Colloquium (1)

Guest lecturers (contemporary researchers) presenting talks on a variety of topics in biological research. Each presentation will be followed by discussion involving student participation. (Credit/No Credit only)

BIOL 696A-E. Directed Graduate Research (3)

Designed for M.S. students conducting thesis research. May be repeated for credit but no more than 6 units may be applied to the M.S. Degree. (A) Cellular/Molecular/Physiology; (B) Ecology and Evolution; (C) Microbiology; (D) Genetics/Developmental; and (E) Marine Biology. May be repeated for graduate credit but no more than 6 units may be applied toward …

BIOL 698. Thesis (3)

Prerequisites: Classified status in Biology; Consent of instructor. Preparing and writing the Master’s thesis. May be repeated for a maximum of 18 units.